This is page 676 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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676 VALR -- VANSKÖRUNGR.

VALR, m. [A.S. wæl or walre], the slain; allan þann val, sem fellr á þeim á velli, gef ek Oðni, Fas. i. 380; konungr lét skip upp setja ok bera á valinn, and bear the dead on board, Hkr. i. 152; þær (the Valkyriur), ríða jafnan at kjósa val, ok ráða vígum, Edda 22. cp. Vþm. 46; kanna valinn, to search the field after a battle, Eg. 123, Fms. i. 182, Nj. 45; ræna val, Ó.H. 184; val þann allan er þar hafði fallit, id.; braut ór valnum, 220; sneru þar til er valrinn lá, 219.

valr, m., pl. valir, [prob. an abbreviation for val-haukr = a carrion-hawk] :-- a hawk; veiða vali, Grág. ii. 346, Gþl. 51; vals hamr, the skin of a valr, Edda, passim.

valr, adj. [A.s. ana-wealg = ávalr], round, oval; en vínferill valr rifnaði, Hým. 31; in á-valr, see völr, a round stick.

val-rauðr, adj. blood-red, crimson; serki valrauða, Akv.

val-rauf, n. = valrof, [O.H.G. wala-raupa; A.S. weal-reáf] , spoils, prop. the robbing the slain, cp. Gr. GREEK, Lat. spolia, Bragi (in the verse Hkr. i. begin.)

val-rof, n. = valrauf, [Dan. val-rov], a law term, the plundering the slain on the battle-field, N.G.L. i. 66.

val-rúgr, m. = valbygg, Þd.

val-rúnar, f. pl. [A.S. wælrûn], 'Welsh' Runes, i.e. riddles, obscure language, Hkv. 2. 10 (a GREEK.)

val-serkr, m. a 'Welsh' sark, i.e. a coat of mail, Vellekla.

val-séttungr, m., see valáttungr, Vm. 102.

Valska, u, f. the 'Welsh' tongue, esp. the French language; nem þú allar tungur en allra helzt Látínu ok Völsku, Sks.; þá skiptusk tungur í Englandi er Vilhjálmr bastarðr vann England, gékk þaðan af í Englandi Valska er hann var þaðan ættaðr, Ísl. ii. 222; hann mælti á Völsku, Orkn. 348. 2. = völsk mús, a rat.

val-skikkja, u, f. a 'Welsh' cloak(?), Fms. vii. 321.

Valskr, adj. [A.S. Wealisc; Germ. Welsch], 'Welsh,' foreign, esp. French, Fagrsk. 143; Valskt mál, Völsk tunga, the 'Welsh' tongue Str. 1, Flóv.; Völsk mila, Fas. iii. 140; Valskar mýss, 'Welsh' (foreign) mice, i.e. rats, Fms. xi. 279: of weapons, Valskir hjálmar, Sighvat, Ó.H. 39.

val-slöngva, u, f. [cp. ballista], a 'war-sling,' catapult, Fms. vii. 183, 186, viii. 177, Sks. 410, K.Á. 222, Þorf. Karl. 426.

val-stefna, u, f. a war-meeting, battle, Hkv.

val-strendr, adj. oval, half round.

val-tafn, n. an offering of slain, the slain being an offering to Odin, Kormak, Lex. Poët.

Val-tamr, m. one of the names of Odin, Vtkv.

val-teinn, m. a chosen chip, for soothsaying, Ýt.

val-tívi, a, m. the god of the slain, Vsp. (of Surt the giant); val-tívar, the gods, Hkv. 1, Vsp.; see tívi.

VALTR, völt, valt, adj [A.S. wæltan], reeling, easily upset; hégómlig ok völt dyrð, Al. 130; völt hamingja, 133; valtir verða oss þessa heims höfðingjar, Sturl. ii. 153; veröld völt og flá, Pass.; fall-valtr, ú-valtr, stable.

Val-týr, m. the lord of the slain = Odin, Lex. Poët.

val-veiðr, f. hawking, Bs. i. 120, H.E. ii. 45.

valz-ligr, adj. proud, Fbr. 86 new Ed.

vambar-, see vömb.

vamb-mikill, adj. big-bellied, of a cow.

VAMM, n. = vömm, [Ulf. wamm = a spot, un-wamms = GREEK; A.S. wamm; cp. vámr] :-- a blemish; útan váða ok vamm, N.G.L. i. 67; leita e-m vamms, harm, Og. 6; vammi firðr, without blemish, Stor. 23: plur. vömmin, Ls. 52; vamma vanr, Hm. 21; vamm þat er væri, Skv. 3. 5; svá lastvarr at hann vildi ekki vamm vita á sik, Stj. 547: in mod. usage, hann vill ekki vamm sitt vita, of a conscientious thoroughly honest person; enda mun þat eigi til vamms vera lagt, Karl. 375; fár er vamma vanr, a saving, Mirm., cp. Hm. 22; see vömm. COMPDS: vamma-fullr, adj. full of blemishes, Sdm. vamma-lauss, adj. unblemished. Sól., Ls.

vamm-haltr, adj. dead-lame, of a horse, Gþl. 504.

vamm-helti, f. lameness, N.G.L.

vamm-lauss, adj. spotless, Hsm.

VAN-, a particle prefixed to nouns and adverbs, [cp. vanr; Goth. and A.S. wan-, deficient; O.H.G. wana-] :-- lacking, wanting: only used as a compd except in the phrase, of og van, or það er of sem van, now too much, now too little.

B. In COMPDS van- is freq. as a prefixed particle, mostly denoting lacking, slowly, short, not sufficient, under-, but also simply as a negative, much like Gr. GREEK: van-afla, -afli, adj. weak, waning in strength, Al. 5. Fms. vi. 107, Sks. 590. van-alinn, part. under-fed, Grág. i. 455. van-brúka. ð, to misuse; mod. van-brúkun, f. a misuse. van-burða, adj. born prematurely; v. eldi. 656 B. 7. van-búinn, part. unprepared, Korm. 202, Ld. 324, Fms. vi. 214, vii. 127, viii. 288. van-drengr, m. a bad man, Fs. 166. van-dæmt, part. under-judging, i.e. too leniently: hafa v. eða ofdæmt, Grág. (pref.) van-efni, n. pl. lack of means, Grág. i. 257, Band. 31 new Ed., Fms. viii. 23. van-erð, f.(?). inferiority, N.G.L. i. 212. van-farinn, part. in a strait, Fas. i. 518 (see also the verse); vér erum vanfarnir hjá honum, we are much short of him, Orkn. 332. van-ferli, n. things going wrong, Fms. x. 131. van-festr, part. badly fastened, MS. 4. 8. van-fylgt, n. part.; hafa v. e-m, to back one slowly, Bs. i. 739. van-færi, n. disability, Stj. 1. van-færr, adj. disabled, infirm, Fms. ii. 146, x. 354, xi. 325, Fas. i. 532, Bs. i. 393; vanærr ok ílla heill, Hom. 122. van-gá, f. lack of care. van-gefinn, see vargefinn. van-gerðing, f. a defective fencing, Gpl. 382. van-geymsla, u, f. = vangá, Ld. 128, Jb. 42, Dipl. v. 26. van-geymt, n. part.; hafa v. e-s, to neglect, H.E. ii. 110. van-giptr, part. married beneath one, Nj. 17, v.l. van-goldit, part. n. underpaid, Ó.H. 87. van-gætt, n. part. = vangeymt, Gþl. 463. van-gæzla, u, f. = vangeymsla, Grág. ii. 341, Fms. viii. 364. van-görr, part. defective, imperfect, imperfectly done, half done, Fms. vi. 13, x. 318, Bs. i. 59; ung Kristni ok mjök vangör, Fbr. 7; mér sýndisk vangört, faulty, Fms. x. 320. van-haft, n. part.; hafa v., not to get one's due, Grág. i. 265. van-haga, að; impers., mig vanhagar um e-t, to miss a thing, want. van-hagr, m. dismay, disadvantage, Grág. ii. 49, Fms. xi. 245, Fær. 7: misconduct, Bs. i. 687. van-hald, n. a damage, loss; bíða vanhald af e-m, Fms. x. 421: in plur. ill-luck, thriftlessness, Band. 37 new Ed. van-haldinn, part. getting less than one's due, wronged, H.E. ii. 126; ef þú þykkisk v., Ld. 108, Slurl. i. 77 C, Fas. ii. 297. van-hefnt, n. part. (better var-hefnt), Nj. 280, v.l. van-heiðr, m. dishonour, H.E. i. 562, Fas. ii. 289. van-heila, u, f. = vanheilsa, Bs. i. 353. van-heilagr, adj. profane. van-heilindi, n. failing health, illness, Fms. vii. 208, viii. 280, H.E. i. 12. van-heill, adj. [A.S. wanhâl], not hale, disabled, ill, Grág. i. 50, Fms. x. 420; e-m verðr vanheilt, to be taken ill, Grág. i. 277: = pregnant, Bret. 10. van-heilligr, adj. ill, wretched, Fms. vii. 30. van-heilsa, u, f. failing health, illness, Bs. i. 83, 84, 353 (v.l.), Grág. i. 226, Fms. vii. 157, passim. van-helga, að, to profane. van-helti, f., better vammhelti, q.v., Jb. 366 A. van-henta, t, to stand in need of, to want; hann kvað sér v. annat, he said it was not that he wanted, Ld. 212. van-hentr, adj.; e-m er e-t vanhent, it suits one not well, Fms. x. 260. van-herðr, part. not pushed up to one's mettle, Fas. iii. 487. van-hirða, t; v. um e-t, to neglect. van-hirðing, f. = vangeymsla. van-hirzla, u, f. = vanhirðing, Sks. 446. van-hluta, adj. unfairly dealt with; verða v., to be worsted, Bjarn. 56, Ísl. ii. 255, Grág. i. 157, ii. 92, Fms. i. 306; rétta þeirra hlut er áðr eru v., Eb. 156. van-hlutr, m. an unfair share, Sturl. i. 47 C. van-hugaðr, n. part. [? A.S. vanhygig]; e-t er v. í máli, it was not well considered, Lv. 30. van-hyggja, u, f. a lack of forethought, Ld. 152; bæta fyrir vanhyggju mína, Valla L. 209. van-kunnandi, part. wanting in knowledge, ignorant, ill-informed, Gþl. van-kunnigr, adj. ignorant. van-kunnindi, f. ignorance, Gþl. (pref.) van-kunnusta (mod. van-kunnátta), u, f. want of knowledge, ignorance, H.E. i. 479. van-leitað, n. part.; e-s er v., examined imperfectly, Bs. i. 329. van-lofaðr, part. under-praised, Fms. vi. 196. van-lokinn, part. half paid, of debt; vanloknar skuldir, Grág. i. 93. van-luktr, part. half finished; ganga frá mörgu vanluktu, Sturl. iii. 279. van-lykta, að, to leave unfinished, H.E. i. 409. van-lyktir, f. pl.; með vanlyktum, unfinished, half done, Fms. vi. 13; ok var at vanlykðum nökkut, er hón þó höfuð hans, Ísl. ii. 333; hvárigar vanlykðir (faults) er þær koma á goðans hendi, Grág. i. 94. van-mátta, adj. weak, sick, sore; í tána þá er v. var, a sore toe, Hrafn. 15. van-máttigr, adj. failing in strength, weak, impotent, Fms. v. 163. van-máttr, m. failing strength, illness, Eg. 565, Vápn. 17, Fms. ii. 12, Bs. i. 84. van-megin, n. weakness, Fms. vii. 156: a swoon, fainting, sló yfir mik hræzlu ok vanmegni, 108. van-meginn (van-megn, Stj. 20), adj. weak, feeble, Fms. i. 305, Stj. 20, v.l.; v. af megri, Fb. iii. 447; höndina þá má vanmegnu, an infirm hand, Sturl. i. 189. van-megna, adj. = vanmeginn. van-megna, að, to weaken; v. sterkjan hug, Al. 6: reflex., vanmegnast, to faint, sink down, Vídal. passim. van-menni, n. (van-menna, u, f., Lv. 30; vanmennur þær, Fms. xi. 257), a worthless person, Gísl. 149, Vápn. 15, Fms. iii. 149. van-meta, adj. in a weak, bad condition; var fótrinn v., of a sick leg. Bs. i. 344; vanmeta skepna, an ill-favoured creature. van-metnaðr, m. a disgrace, Grett. 160 A. van-mettr, part. hungry, Sól. 3. van-mælt, n. part.; eiga e-t vanmælt, if thou hast anything unsaid, anything to say, Bs. i. 668; hvárt mér verðr ofmælt eðr vanmælt, Nj. 232. van-mætti, n. an infirmity. van-refsaðr, part. not duly punished, Sturl. ii. 10. van-refst, n. part. = refsað; ef v. er af dómarans hendi, Gþl. 172. van-rekstr, m. = vanréttr, Fms. xi. 253, v.l. van-rétti, n. loss of right, Ls. 40; þola v., Ó.H. 238: a defeat, Ísl. ii. 367. van-réttr, m. = vanrétti, Fms. xi. 253. van-rækiliga, adv. carelessly, slovenly, Bs. i. (Laur. S.) van-rækja, t, to disregard, Stj. 157, Fms. xi. 423, K.Á. 72: reflex., vanrækjask e-n, Fms. viii. 252. van-rækt, f. lack of care, Gþl. 332, H.E. i. 251, Dipl. ii. 14. van-rætt, n. part. not fully discussed; v. er um e-t, Sks. 271 B. van-samit, part. unsettled, Stj. van-semd, f. a disgrace, offence, Bjarn. 67. van-signaðr, part. cursed, Stj., MS. 655 xx. 3. van-skörungr, m. = vandrengr, Fs. 4, Eg. 730.