This is page 705 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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VIÐVÆNINGR -- VILDR. 705

við-væningr, m. a tiro, beginner, viðvænings-legr, adj. bungling. viðvænings-skapr, m. a bungling.

við-vörun and við-varan, f. a warning, Nj. 166, 254, Fas. i. 491.

VIGG, n. [A.S. wicg; akin to vega = to carry; cp. Lat. vehic-ulum] :-- a horse, steed, Edda (Gl.); vigg at söðla, vagn at beita, Gkv. 2. 18: freq. in poët. phrases for a ship, sund-vigg, the horse of the sea, sea-steed; öldu vigg, unn-vigg, haf-vigg, sund-vigg, borð-vigg, hlunn-vigg, hlýr-vigg, súð-vigg, stafn-vigg, segl-vigg, = the wave-steed, ... sail-steed; veggjar vigg = a house, Lex. Poët.: as also in compds, vigg-baldr, -beitir, -finnandi, viggj-álfr, vigg-rennandi, -ríðandi, -runnr, -þollr, = a sailor, mariner, farer on the sea-steed, Lex. Poët. II. Vigg, an island in Norway: viggjar-skalli, a nickname, Fms. vii.

viggi, a, m. a bull(?). Edda (Gl.)

viggr, m. = vigg, a steed, Lex. Poët.

vigilia, u, f. [Lat.], a vigil; vigiliu-dagr. Vm. 24.

VIGR, f., pl. vigrar, [the short vowel and the radical r are against deriving vigr from víg] :-- a spear, Edda (Gl.); flugbeittra vigra, Hornklofi; vigrar rjóða, to redden the spears (vigrat Cod.), id.; vel hefir vigr of skepta, Kormak; vigrar seiðr, a spear-charm, spear-song, i.e. battle, Sturl. (in a verse); vigra dunur, dynr, él, = the din, song, shower of spears, Lex. Poët. passim. II. Vigr, a local name of an island (in shape like a spear's head) in north-western Icel.; í Vigr (acc.), Bs. i. 651; í eynni Vigr (dat.), 652: in the Orkneys, the mod. Veir; in the Orkn. S. Fb. ii. l. 9 from the bottom, einn 'ungr' read 'í Vigr' (i.e. Veir, the island where Kolbein Hrúga lived, after whom is named 'the Castle of Cuppi Row').

vik, n. a stirring, moving; handar-vik, a hand-waving; við-vik, at-vik, an accident. II. [cp. vík], the corners in the hair above the temples (vik-óttr); munn-vik, the corners of the month.

VIKA, u, f., gen. pl. vikna, pl. vikur: [this can hardly be a genuine Teutonic word, but rather is adopted from Lat. vice, otherwise the k could not have remained unchanged; thus Lat. vicus is Icel. vé, Goth. weihs: Ulf. only uses the word in a single instance, viz. to translate GREEK by in wikon kunjis seinis in Luke i. 8, where the Latin text 'in vice sua' perhaps suggested the word to the translator; A.S. and Hel. wica; Engl. week; O.H.G. wecha; Germ. woche; Dan. uge; Swed. wecha; in Norse dialects vika, veka, vuku, uku, and in compds -oke, Jóns-oke, Ivar Aasen.]

B. USAGES. -- A week, passim: used in a peculiar manner, as marking the remaining weeks of the summer; líðr á sumarit til átta vikna, viz. till eight weeks remained before winter, Nj. 93; var Rútr heima til sex vikna, 10; vá Böðvarr Kolbein Drottins-daginn at fjórum vikum, Ann. 1376. The ancient Scandinavians and Teutons in heathen times seem to have counted the year by pentads, called fimt, as has already been remarked s.v. fimt (p. 153), to which may be added the authority of the late Prof. Schlegel of Copenhagen in a notice of 1825, mentioned in Lex. Mythol. p. 753. The time when the Scandinavians changed their system is quite unknown; it would seem that in Icel. 'weeks' were already in use in the middle of the 10th century, could we but trust the record in Íb. ch. 4 as authentic in its details. II. spec. usages in the calendar; Helga vika, the Holy-week (i.e. after Whitsun), Thom. 22, Dipl. iii. 10, D.I. i. 594; Efsta-vika, the last week of Lent, i.e. Passion-week, Orkn. 386, D.I. i. 594; Páska-vika, Easter-week; Sælu-vika, Ember-week, passim, see Icel. Almanack; as also Auka-vika or Lagningar-vika, the additional week, intercalary week, = sumar-auki, see p. 604; fyrsta Sumar-vika, síðasta vika sumars, síðasta vika vetrar. COMPDS: viku-dagr, m. a week-day, Hom. (St.) viku-frestr, n. a week's notice, Grág. ii. 405, Fms. v. 50. viku-för, f. a week's journey, of distance, Symb. 15. viku-gamall, adj. a week old. viku-lagning, f. the addition of a week, of the sumarauki, Rb. 564. viku-munr, m. a week's difference, Grett. 150. viku-stafr, m. a week-letter, an almanack term, Rb. 510. viku-stef, n. a week's term, week's notice, Eg. 274. 394, Grág. ii. 349. viku-stefna, u, f. a week's summons. Eg. 274, 294, v.l. viku-þing, n. a meeting that lasts a week, Grág. i. 99. vikna-mót, n. a 'week's meet,' the ending of one week and beginning of another, Rb. 94. vikna-tal, n. a tale or number of weeks, Rb. 38, 48, 568.

VIKA, u, f. [a word quite different from the preceding, akin to vik and vík, the root word being víkja, q.v.] :-- a sea mile, knot, answering to a mod. geographical mile, and equal to a 'röst' on land (see röst, p. 508): the term seems to have been derived from vík, a small bay, denoting the distance from ness to ness, and so referring to a time when ships coasted along-shore; the word is still in almost exclusive use in Icel. The following instances may suffice :-- the distance from Reykjanes to Flatey in western Icel. is counted as three viknr (frá Reykjanesi til Flateyjar, þat eru þrjár vikur sjófar, Bs. i. 461); from Drangey in the north to the nearest point on the mainland as one vika (frá Revkjum er skemst til eyjarinnar ok er þat vika sjóvar ... þat var vika sjáfar sem skemst var til lands ór eyjunni, Grett. 144, 148); eyjar þær sem Ólafs-eyjar heita, þær liggja út á firðinum hálfa aðra viku undan Reykjanesi, 125; heyrði yfir til Skarfstaða hálfa viku sjóvar (viz. from Ljárskógar), 129; for the respective distances see the map of Icel.: so in Norway, vatnið var hálfrar viku breitt, Fms. viii. 32; sigla þeir fyrir þat torleiði sex vikur sævar, Fb. i. 186: in the Faroes, þangat var skemst ok var þat þó löng vika sjóvar, Fær. 173 (viz. from the Great Dimon to Suðrey): in Greenland, hann lagðisk eptir geldingi gömlum út í Hvalsey, ok flutti á baki sér, þá er hann vildi fagna Eireki frænda sínum, en ekki var sæfært skip heima, þat er löng hálf vika, Landn. 107: great distances at the open sea are counted by 'tylpt,' 'dozens, sc. of knots,' leaving out the word 'vika,' þá mun siglt vera tylpt fyrir sunnan Ísland, Landn. 25: a writer of the 14th century calculates the voyage round Iceland direct from headland to headland at 'fourteen dozens,' -- fjórtan tylptir umbergis at sigla réttleiðis fyrir hvert nes, Bs. ii. 5.

viki-vaki, a, m. [this word, which hardly occurs in old writers, seems in the 15th century to have been adopted] :-- a weekly wake, popular festival meetings and entertainments on Sunday evenings, with song and dance; förum vér til vikivaka | værðir þar og hvíld að taka, Eggert; songs and ballads sung at such weekly wakes were called either vikivaka-kvæði or forn-kvæði, q.v.

vikna, að, [víkja], to give way, to bend; reksaumr viknar í straumi, Edda (in a verse): of ranks in battle, gékk Ljótr svá fast fram at þeir viknuðu fyrir Skotarnir, Orkn. 28; freistum ef þeir vikni fyrir, Fms. viii. 68; veitum þeim þaðan áhlaup sem harðast, vænti ek at þeir vikni við, 356; ætlaði hann at Glámr skyldi vikna við, to bend, give way in wrestling, Grett. 114 A (for kikna). 2. to be moved to tears, compassion, or the like, freq. in mod. usage; viknar hann við það, já, hún verðr dýrari, Jón Þorl.

vik-óttr, adj. [vik], bald on the forehead above the temples, Ld. 272; rauðbleikr á hár ok v. snemma, Eb. 30.

VIKR, f., gen. vikrar, pumice-stone, from a volcano; vikr svá mikil, Bs. i. 803; vikrin sást reka hrönnum fyrir Vestfjörðum at varla máttu skip ganga fyrir, Ann. 1362; vikra(r) kast, a fall of pumice, 1390; stála vikr, 'steel-pumice,' a whet-stone, Haustl.

vikra, að, to rub with pumice.

VIL, n. pl., root vili, dat. viljum, the bowels; þau vil er fúnat hafa af sællífis krásum, 677. 9; ok er hann sundraði griðunginn knýtti hann tvá knúta á viljunum, Róm. 187 (a loose version of 'pallida taetris viscera tincta notis,' Lucan. Phars. i. 619, which, may be, the translator misread as 'cincta nodis'); takið ór mér svangann ok langan, ... takið ór mér svilin og vilin, Ísl. Þjóðs. i. (in a ditty).

vil, n. [vilja], self-will, wilfulness, self-indulgence; in vil ok dul, wilfulness and conceit. Sól. 34; fyrir dul ok vil, Gkv. 2. 38; vil er mest ok dul flestum, Hallfred; dul vættir ok vil at linna muni erfiði ok víl, Skálda (Thorodd), with a play on 'vil' and 'víl,' which are diametrically opposed. 2. in the phrase, í vil e-m, at one's will, to one's liking, favour; at þeir (the dreams) sé í vil ráðnir, Ld. 126; konungr trúir því er þessi skræfa segir í vil honum, Al. 30; and freq. so in mod. usage, göra e-ð mér í vil, það er honum í vil, in his favour; cp. vil-hallr, vil-gali, vil-mæltr, vil-gi. II. in pr. names, Vil-hjálmr, Vil-mundr, Vil-borg, Landn., Edda.

vil, n. [Lat. velum], a veil, of nuns; taka vilit af höfði sér, Mar.; hún er sárliga hrygg, látið vilið, sem fyrr segir, id.; taka vil, to take the veil, K.Á. 214.

vil-björg, f, a doubtful GREEK, help desired or help in need (víl-björg), Gm.

vild, f. [vili], will, liking, good-will; með vild ok samþykki allra höfðingja, Fms. xi. 97; tók ríki af vild (villd) alls lands-fólksins Haraldr Guðinason, x. 372; með vild, favourably, as one wills; endask með vild, to end well, MS. 4. 10; eptir várri vild, after our will, Fms. vi. 261; í fyrstu gékk honum með vildum, at first all went to his will, x. 414. 2. a favour; fyrir vildar sakar við lýðinn, Fms. x. 381; ok görði honum mart í vild (villd), Ó.H. 249; með vild ok vináttu, Str. 14, D.N. ii. 12: goodness, good quality, skulu þeir skipta at jafnaði millum sín eptir bónda vild, bæði boðburð ok stafkarla-færslu, N.G.L. i. 138. COMPDS: vildar-fólk, n. the chosen people, Clar. vildar-klæði, n. pl. the best clothes, state-robes, Stj. 599. vildar-lið, n. the best men, chosen men, picked troops, Fms. vii. 169, ix. 353, 392. vildar-maðr, m. the best man, a trusted, distinguished man, Fms. x. 293; konungr ok mart vildarmanna, vi. 279; féll mart vildarmanna, ix. 408. vildar-mær, f. a favourite maid, maid of honour, Mag. 30.

vildi-, n. = vild; only in COMPDS: vildis-gripr, m. a fine animal, of a steed; það er mesti v. vildis-lýðr, m. the best men; höfðingjar ok v., Fas. iii. 432. vildis-maðr, m. = vildarmaðr, Sturl. i. 20.

vildr, adj., compar. vildri and vildari, 'willed,' i.e. chosen, choice, good; vildir menn = vildar menn. Dropl. 25; vildri hestar, Karl. 334; hinn vildasta vápnhest minn (cp. Dan. vælig), MS. 4. 6; vildra sverð, a finer sword, 30, Karl. 332; með hinum vildastum klæðum, Str. 12; skikkju muni vildri, a cloak a good deal better, Fms. vii. (in a verse); gangvera þeim sem þú hefir vildastan til ..., vildasta yfirhöfn, Sks. 286; vildastan miklu, the very best man, Sighvat; ef ekki eru vildari föng á, if there is no better choice, Fær. 207, Bs. i. 66; kauss hann þann af sem honum þótti vildastr, Fms. ii. 165; honum var ekki vildara af ván, he could