This is page 19 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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Æ-acute;RN -- ÆSC-pROTE. 19

æ-acute;rn brazen :-- Æ-acute;rnum bémum with brazen trumpets, Cd. 154; Th. 191, 18; Exod. 216. v. æ-acute;ren.

ærnan; p. de; pp. ed; v. intrans. To run; currere :-- Ærnan to run, Bd. 5, 6; S. 618, 42: S. 619, 12. Ærnaþ hý they run, Ors. 1, 1; Bos. 22, 36. DER. ge-ærnan. v. yrnan.

æ-acute;rnddedon = æ-acute;rendedon; p. of æ-acute;rendian To go on an errand; nuntium ferre, Bd. 2, 12; S. 515, 4.

æ-acute;rne Early :-- On æ-acute;rne mergen primo mane, Mt. Bos. 20, 1; acc. sing, m. of æ-acute;t, adj.

ærne-weg, es; m. [ærnan to run, weg a way] A running-way, a way fit for running on, a broad road; via cursui apta, platea :-- Æt sumes ærneweges ende at the end of some course, Bt. 37, 2; Fox 188, 9. Gescroepe ærneweg via apta cursui equorum, Bd. 5, 6; S. 618, 41.

ærnian to earn. v. ge-ærnian.

ærning, e; f. A running, riding; cursus, equitatio :-- Ða ðe hiora ærninge tréwaþ those who trust in their running, Bt. 37, 2; Fox 188, 10: Bd. 5. 6; S. 619, 15.

ærnung, e; f. An EARNING, stipend, hire, wages; merces. v. earnung.

æ-acute;ron; adv. Before; antea :-- Ic hyt æ-acute;ron nyste I knew it not before, Nicod. 12; Thw. 6, 22. v. æ-acute;r; adv.

æ-acute;ror, æ-acute;rror; prep. dat. Before; ante, priusquam : -- Næs æ-acute;ror ðé [MS. aworþe] æ-acute;negu gesceaft there was not before thee any creature, Bt. Met. Fox 20, 81; Met. 20, 41.

æ-acute;ror, æ-acute;rror, æ-acute;rur, æ-acute;rer; adv. Before, formerly; antea, prius :-- Weras on wonge wibed setton, neáh ðam ðe Abraham æ-acute;ror ræ-acute;rde the men placed an altar in the plain, near that which Abraham had reared before, Cd. 90; Th. 113, 7; Gen. 1883. Se ðe fela æ-acute;ror fyrena gefremede he who before had committed many crimes, Beo. Th. 1623; B. 809. Nemne we æ-acute;ror mæ-acute;gen fáne gefyllan unless we before may fell the foe, 5302; B. 2654. Ðæt hió eft cume, ðæ-acute;r hió æ-acute;ror wæs that it again comes where it was before, Bt. Met. Fox 13, 152; Met. 13, 76. Æ-acute;ror, on his lifdagum before, in the days of his life, 26, 174; Met. 26, 87: Exon. 35 b; Th. 114, 32; Gú. 181: Ps. Th. 77, 3: 91, 8: 134, 11: 135, 21: 145, 4: Menol. Fox 330; Men. 166. v. æ-acute;r; adv.

æ-acute;rost; adv. First, Byrht. Th. 135, 27; By. 124: Gen. 19, 33. v. æ-acute;r.

æ-acute;rra, æ-acute;rre; adj. Former, earlier, Exon, 113b; Th. 436, 11; Rä. 54, 12: Menol. Fox 213; Men. 108: Elen. Kmbl. 609; El. 305. v. -æ-acute;ra.

æ-acute;rra geóla the ere or former Yule month, December, Menol. Fox 439; Men. 221. v. geóla.

æ-acute;rra líða the ere or former Litha, June, Menol. Fox 213; Men. 108. v.líða.

æ-acute;rror; adv. Before, formerly :-- We iú in heofonum hæfdon æ-acute;rror wlite and weorþmynt we once in heaven had formerly beauty and dignity, Cd. 216; Th. 274, 9; Sat. 151: 220; Th. 283, 4; Sat. 299. v.æ-acute;ror; adv.

æ-acute;rror; prep. dot. Before; ante :-- Cymeþ eástan up æ-acute;rror [MS. æst ror] sunnan, and eft æfter sunnan on setl glídeþ comes up from the east before the sun, and again after the sun glides to his seat, Bt. Met. Fox 29, 52; Met. 29, 26. v. æ-acute;ror.

ærs The buttocks, the hind part; anus, podex :-- Open-ærs a medlar, Wrt. Voc. 32, 50; Som. 64, 116. v. ears.

æ-acute;r-sceaft, e;f. An old creation, an ancient work; pristina creatio, priscum opus, Exon. 124a; Th. 477, 1; Ruin. 16.

aersc-hen a quail, Ælfc. Gl. 38; Wrt. Voc. 29, 42. v. ersc-hen.

æ-acute;rst first; primo, Homl, in nat. Innoc. p. 36, = æ-acute;rost. v. æ-acute;r; adv.

æ-acute;r-ðam, æ-acute;r-ðon before that, Mt. Bos. 6, 8: Exon. 61 a; Th. 224, 22; Ph. 379. v. æ-acute;r; prep.

æ-acute;r-ðám-ðe before that which, till, Mt. Bos. 12, 20. v. æ-acute;r; prep.

æ-acute;rur; adv. Before; antea :-- Swá he him æ-acute;rur, hér on ðyssum lífe, ge-earnaþ as he for himself before, here in this life, earneth. Rood Kmbl. 214; Kr. 108: Ps. Th. 115, 3. v. æ-acute;ror.

æ-acute;r--wacol; adj. Early awake; diluculo vigil :-- For hwí eart ðú ðus æ-acute;rwacol why art thou thus early awake? Apol. Th. 19, 5.

æ-acute;r-wéla, an; m. [æ-acute;r ere, before, wéla wealth] Ancient wealth; divitiæ antiquitus accumulatæ, Beo. Th. 5488; B. 2747.

æ-acute;r-woruld, e; f. The former world; pristinus mundus :-- Ðonne weorþeþ sunne sweart gewended, on blódes hiw, seó ðe beorhte scán ofer æ-acute;rworuld then the sun shall be turned swart, to hue of blood, which shone brightly over the former world, Exon. 21b; Th. 58, 17; Cri. 937.

æ-acute;ryn brazen; æreus :-- Ðú gesettest swá swá bogan bræsenne æ-acute;rynne, Spl, C.] earmas míne posuisti ut arcum æreum brachia mea, Ps. Lamb. 17, 35: Ps. Spl. C. 106, 16. v. æ-acute;ren.

æ-acute;rynde, es; m. An interpreter; interpres :-- Ðæra byrla ealdor forgeat Iosepes æ-acute;rynde prepositus pincernarum oblitus est Josephi interpretis sui, Gen. 40, 23.

æ-acute;rynd-writ a letter. Lye. v. æ-acute;rend-gewrit.

æ-acute;ryr; adv. Before; prius, C. Jn. 1, 30, Lye. v. æ-acute;ror.

æ-ryst, es; m: e; f. The resurrection :-- Ða secgeaþ ðæt nán æryst ne sý qui dicunt non esse resurrectionem, Mt. Bos. 22, 23: 27, 53. v. æ-rist.

æ-acute;ryst, adv. First; primum, primo, Ps. Th. 104, 15. v. æ-acute;rest.

Æ-acute;S, es; n. Food, meat, carrion, a dead carcase; esca, cibus, pabulum, cadaver :-- Earn æ-acute;ses georn the eagle eager for food, Byrht. Th. 134, 60; By. 107. Læ-acute;ton him behíndan ðone earn æ-acute;ses brúcan they left behind them the eagle to eat of the carrion, Chr. 938; Th. i. 207, 30, col. 2; Æðelst. 63. Æ-acute;se wlanc exulting in carrion, Beo. Th. 2668; B. 1332 : Ps. Th. 146, 10. [Dut. aas, n. esca, cadaver; Ger. aas, n. esca, cadaver: M. H. Ger. ás, n: O.H. Ger. ás, n. esca: Dan. aas, n: Swed. as, n.]

ÆSC; g. æsces; pl. nom. acc. æscas, ascas; g. æsca, asca; d. æscum, ascum; m; I. an ash-tree; fraxinus excelsior :-- On ðone æsc to the ash-tree. Cod. Dipl. Apndx. 461; A. D. 956; Kmbl. iii. 450, 3. Æsc fraxinus, Ælfc. Gl. 45; Som. 64, 98. II. the Anglo-Saxon Rune RUNE = æ, the name of which letter in Anglo-Saxon is æsc an ash-tree, hence this Rune not only stands for the letter æ, but for æsc an ash-tree, as, -- RUNE byþ oferheáh, eldum dýre, stíþ staðule the ash-tree is over-high, dear to men, firm in its place, Hick. Thes. vol. i. p. 135; Runic pm. 26; Kmbl. 344, 23. Se torhta æsc the remarkable Rune æsc, Exon. 112a; Th. 429, 24; Rä. 43, 9. III. an ash-spear, a spear, lance; hasta fraxinea, hasta :-- Byrhtnóþ wánd wácne æsc Byrhtnoth brandished his slender ashen spear, Byrht. Th. 132, 68; By. 43: 140, 59; By. 310. Ðe ðé æsca tír æt gúðe forgeaf who to thee gave glory of spears in battle. Cd. 97; Th. 127, 10; Gen. 2108. Asca, g. pl. Exon. 78a; Th. 292, 15; Wand. 99. Æscum with spears. Beo. Th. 3548; B. 1772: Andr. Kmbl. 2195; An. 1099. IV. because boats were made of ash, -- a small ship, a skiff, a light vessel to sail or row in; navis, navigium, dromo :-- Hét Ælfréd cyng timbrian langscipu ongén ða æscas king Alfred commanded to build long ships against those ships, Chr. 897; Th. i. 174, 41. Æsc dromo, Wrt. Voc. 63, 34: 56, 24. [O. H. Ger. asc, m: O. Nrs. askr, m. arbor, fraxinus, vas ligneum, navis, gladius, Egils.] DER. daroþ-æsc, ceaster-: æsc-rind.

æ-scære; adj. [æ = a, scær, p. of sceran to shear, cut] Without tonsure, uncut, untrimmed, neglected; intonsus, incultus, neglectus :-- Deóplíc dæ-acute;d-bót biþ, ðæt læ-acute;wede man swá æscære beó, ðæt íren ne cume on hæ-acute;re, ne on nægle it is a deep penitence, that a layman be so untrimmed that scissors [iron] come not on hair, nor on nail, L. Pen. 10; Th. ii. 280, 20. v. a-scære.

æsc-berend, es; m. [æsc a spear, berende bearing, part, from beran to bear] A spear or lance-bearer, a soldier; hastifer :-- Eorre æscberend the fierce spear-bearer, Andr. Kmbl. 93; An. 47: 2153; An. 1078. Ealde æscberend the old spear-bearer, 3072; Au. 1539.

æsc-berende; part. Spear-bearing; hastam gerens :-- Wígena æscbe-rendra of warriors bearing spears, Cd. 94; Th. 123, 7; Gen. 2041.

æsce; g. æscean; f. Ashes; -- Forðon ic anlíc ætt æscean hláfe quia cinerem sicut panem manducabam, Ps. Th. 101, 7: 147, 5. v. asce.

æ-acute;sce, an; f. Search, inquisition, examination, inquiry, trial of or asking after any matter or thing; interrogatio, investigatio, disquisitio :-- Hæfdon ealle ða æscean all should have the search, L. Ath. 5; Th. i. 230, 18.

æsceda, an; m. A farrago, mixture, perfume; migma. Wrt. Voc. 38, 53.

æscen A vessel made of ash-wood, such as a bottle, bucket, pail, etc; lagena :-- Æscen ðe is óðre namon hrygilebuc gecleopad an ascen, its other name is called Rigelbuc, q. back-bucket, Heming, p. 393.

æscen; adj. Ashen, ash, made of ash; fraxineus. v. æsc, -en.

Æsces dún, e; f. [æsc ash-tree, dún a hill] ASHDOWN, the hill of the ash-tree, on the Ridgeway in Berkshire, where Alfred and his elder brother, king Ethelred, first routed the Danes; 'dicitur Latine mons fraxini,' Asser :-- Hér gefeaht Æðeréd cyning and Ælfréd, his bróðor, wið ealne ðone here, on Æsces dúne A.D. 871, here fought king Æthelred and Alfred, his brother, with all the army [of the Danes], on Ashdown, Chr. 871; Th. 139, 5, col. 1.

æsc-here, -es; m. A spear-band, company armed with spears, a ship or naval-band; exercitus hastifer, exercitus navalis, Byrht. Th. 133, 53; By. 69.

æsc-holt, es; nom. pl. holt; n. Ash-wood, an ash-wood spear; lignum fraxineum, hasta fraxinea :-- Æscholt asceóc shook his ashen spear, Byrht. 138, 35; By. 230: Beo. Th. 665; B. 330.

æscian to ask; interrogare, Jud. Civ. Land. v. acsian.

æsc-man, -mann, es; m. A ship-man, sailor, and hence a pirate; nauta, pirata :-- Æ-acute;gþer ge æscmanna ge óðerra both of the ship-men and of the others, Chr. 921; Th. 195, 15: Cot. 155.

æsc-plega, an; m. [plega play] The play of spears, war; hastarum ludus, prælium :-- Æt ðam æscplegan, Judth. 11; Thw. 24, 31; Jud. 217.

æsc-rind, e; f. Ash-bark; fraxini cortex :-- Ním æscrinde take ash-bark, Lchdm, iii. 14, 1. Wel æscrinde boil ash-bark, ii. 78, 5.

æsc-róf; adj. Spear-famed, distinguished in battle, illustrious, noble; hasta clarus, in prœlio strennus, illustris, nobilis :-- Eorlas æscrófe illustrious nobles, Judth. 12; Thw. 26, 20; Jud. 337: Elen. Grm. 276: 202.

æsc-stéde, es; m. The ash-spear place, place of battle; hastæ locus, pugnæ locus :-- Hí witan fundian æscstéde they strive to know the battle place, Exon. 83b; Th. 314, 20; Mód. 17.

æsc-þræc; g. -þræce; pl. nom. g. acc. -þraca; f. Spear-strength, brunt of spears, a battle; hastæ vis, hastarum impetus, prælium :-- Æt æscþræce, Cd. 98; Th. 130, 2; Gen. 2153.

æsc-Þrote, an; f: -þrotu, e; f. [æsc ash, þrote a throat] ASH-THROAT, vervain; verbenaca, verbena officinalis, Prior, p. 242: vocabularies give the Lat. feiula the fennel-giant, but verbenaca vervain seems more probable from the following quotations, -- Herba uermenaca [ = verbenaca. Herb. 4, = verbenaca: Lat. = berbena, 67, -verbena, Lat.] ðæt is æscþrotu

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