This is page 359 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 16 Sep 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

GAFOL-RAND - GALG-MÓD

gafol-rand? A pair of compasses; circ&i-short;nus = κ&iota-tonos;ρκινos, Cot. 54, Som. Ben. Lye. v. gabul-roid.

gafol-swán, es; m. A tribute-swain, a swine-herd, paying a tribute or part of his stock, for permission to feed his pigs on the land; porc&a-long;rius ad censum :-- Gafolswáne gebýreþ, ðæt he sylle his slyht be ðam ðe on lande stent. On manegum landum stent, ðæt he sylle æ-acute;lce geáre xv swýn to sticunge, x ealde, and v gynge; hæbbe sylf ðæt he ofer ðæt aræ-acute;re gafol-sw&a-long;ne, id est, ad censum porc&a-long;rio, pert&i-short;net, ut suam occ&i-long;si&o-long;nem det secundum quod in patria st&a-short;t&u-long;tum est. In multis l&o-short;cis stat, ut det sing&u-short;lis annis xv porcos ad occ&i-long;si&o-long;nem, x v&e-short;t&e-short;res, et v juv&e-short;nes; ipse autem h&a-short;beat superaugmentum, L. R. S. 6 ; Th. i. 436. 11-14.

gafol-tíning, e; f. Material for fencing due as gafol :-- XVI gyrda gauoltíninga, Th. Chart. 145, 8.

gafol-wydu, a; m. Wood furnished as gafol :-- IIII foðera aclofenas gauolwyda, Th. Chart. 145, 6.

gafol-yrþ, e; f. The cultivation of tribute-land; trib&u-long;t&a-long;riæ terræ ar&a-long;tio :-- His gafolyrþe [MS. gauolyrþe] iii æceras erige, and sáwe of his ágenum berne de ar&a-long;t&u-long;ra gabli sui ar&a-long;bit iii acras, et sem&i-short;n&a-long;bit de horreo suo, L. R. S. 4; Th. i. 434, 18.

gaful, es; n. Tax, tribute, rent; vect&i-long;gal, tr&i-short;b&u-long;tum :-- Gaful vect&i-long;gal, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 5; Som. 9, 2. Alýfþ gaful to syllanne ðam Cásere l&i-short;cet d&a-short;ri tr&i-short;b&u-long;tum Cæs&a-short;ri? Mk. Bos. 12, 14 : Exon. 68 a; Th. 251, 27; Jul. 151. v. gafol.

Gaful-ford Camelford, Cornwall, Chr. 823; Th. 110, 111, 17, col. 1. v. Gafol-ford.

gaful-gylda, an; m. A tribute payer, tributary; tr&i-short;b&u-long;ti redd&i-short;tor :-- He hí to gafulgyldum gesette on Angelþeódde he made them tributaries among the English, Bd. 1, 34; S. 499, 24. v. gafol-gylda.

gaful-ræ-acute;den, -ræ-acute;denn, e; f. A tax, tribute; census, tr&i-short;b&u-long;tum :-- Ða byre onguldon gafulræ-acute;denne the children paid the tax, Exon, 47 a; Th. 161, 16; Gú. 959 : 73 b; Th. 274, 7; Jul. 529 : Andr. Kmbl. 591; An. 296. v. gafol-ræ-acute;den.

gagátes; indecl. m. The agate or jet, a precious stone; g&a-short;g&a-long;tes = γ&a-short;γ&alpha-tonos;τηs :-- Hér biþ eác geméted gagátes, se stán biþ blæc-gym here is also found the agate, the stone is a black gem, Bd. 1, 1; S. 473. 24. Sceaf gagátes dæ-acute;l ðæs stánes on ðæt wín shave off a part of the stone agate into the wine, L. M. 2, 65; Lchdm. ii. 296, 11. Be ðam stáne ðe gagátes hátte, is sæ-acute;d ðæt he viii mægen hæbbe of the stone which is called agate, it is said that it hath eight virtues, 2, 66; Lchdm. iii. 296, 29.

gagel, es; m? gagelle, gagille, gagolle, an; f. Gale, sweet gale; myrica gale, Lin :-- Genim gagel take gale, L. M. 1, 36; Lchdm. ii. 86, 10 : iii. 22, 21. Nim þré leáf gageles take three leaves of gale, Lchdm. iii. 6, 17. Genim gagellan ... dó of ða gagellan take gale ... remove the gale, L.M. 2, 51; Lchdm. ii. 264, 27 : 2, 53; Lchdm. ii. 274, 10. Genim gagollan take gale, 3, 14; Lchdm. ii. 316, 15. [Prompt. gawl myrtus : Scot. gale, gaul a myrtle : Dut. gagel, m. a wild myrtle : Ger. gagel a myrtle-bush.]

gagel-croppan; pl. m. [croppa the top of a flower or herb] Catkins of gale; myricæ pan&i-short;c&u-short;læ :-- Genim gagelcroppan take catkins of gale, L. M. 1, 36; Lchdm. ii. 86, 20.

gagol, gægl, geagl; adj. Lascivious, wanton; lasc&i-long;vus :-- Gagol lasc&i-long;va, Ælfc. Gl. l06; Som. 78, 46; Wrt. Voc. 57, 27. [M. H. Ger. gogel licentious.] v. gál.

gagol-bæ-acute;rnes, gægl-bæ-acute;rnes, -bérnes, -ness, e; f. Wantonness, luxury, riot; lasc&i-long;via, lux&u-short;ria, Cot. 118.

gagul-suillan to gargle; gargar&i-long;z&a-long;re, Som. Ben. Lye.

-gal, -gil, -gel, as sin-gal perpetual, continual : wíd-gal, wíd-gil, wíd-gel, wide-spread, March. 38; p. 27, 8. v. wíd-gil, wíd-gal.

GÁL, es; n. Lust, wantonness, lightness, folly; lasc&i-long;via, l&i-short;b&i-long;do, lux&u-short;ria, l&e-short;v&i-short;tas :-- Hie hyra gál beswác their folly deceived them, Cd. 18; Th. 21, 21; Gen. 327. Gódes oððe gáles of good or evil, Exon. 23 a; Th, 64, 9; Cri. 1035. [Cf. Icel. gáll, m. a fit of gaiety.]

gál; adj. Light, pleasant, wanton, licentious, wicked; l&e-short;vis, lib&i-long;d&i-short;n&o-long;sus, lux&u-short;ri&o-long;sus, m&a-short;lus :-- Ðam unstæððigan and ðam gálan, ðú miht secggan, ðæt he [MS. hi] biþ winde gelícra, ðonne gemetfæstum monnum to the inconstant and the light [man], thou mayest say that he is more like the wind, than modest men, Bt. 37, 4; Fox 192, 23, note 20, MS. Cott. Ðæt he gesáwe ungelíce béc him berende beón þurh ða gódan gástas oððe þurh ða gálan ut c&o-long;d&i-short;ces diversos per b&o-short;nos s&i-long;ve m&a-short;los sp&i-long;r&i-short;tus s&i-short;bi v&i-long;d&e-short;rit offerri, Bd. 5, 13; S. 633, 25. Gecunnian hwæðer he wæ-acute;re god oððe gál to try whether he were good or bad, Gu. 17; Gdwn. 74, 6. [Orm. gal wanton : O. Sax. gél merry : Dut. Ger. geil lustful : M. H. Ger. geil licentious : O. H. Ger. geil lætus, el&a-long;tus, f&e-short;rox, lib&i-long;d&i-short;n&o-long;sus : Dan. geil wanton : and cf. Icel. gáli a wag.] DER. ealo-gál, hyge-, medu-, rúm-, symbel-, wín-.

GALAN; part. galende, ic gale, ðú gælest, gælst, he gæleþ, gælþ, pl. galaþ, p. gól, pl. gólon; pp. galen To sing, enchant, call; c&a-short;n&e-short;re, incant&a-long;re, ins&o-short;n&a-long;re, cl&a-long;m&a-long;re :-- Seó ne gehérþ stemne galendra, and átterwyrhtan galendes wíslíce quæ non exaudiet v&o-long;cem incantantium, et ven&e-long;f&i-short;ci incantantis s&a-short;pienter, Ps. Lamb. 57, 6. Sorh-leóþ gæleþ he sings a sad lay, Beo. Th. 4912; B. 2460. Se wísdóm gól gyd wisdom sung a lay, Bt. Met. Fox 7, 3; Met. 7, 2. Wíf fyrd-leóþ gólon [MS. galan] the women sang a martial song, Cd. 171; Th. 215, 3; Exod. 577. Ða ðe gehýrdon gryreleóþ galan Godes andsacan those who heard the adversary of God sing the horrid lay, Beo. Th. 1576; B. 786. Ðá wæs sigeleóþ galen then was the song of triumph sung, Elen. Kmbl. 248; El. 124 : Andr. Kmbl. 3097; An. 1551. [Chauc. gale : Scot. gale to cry : O. Sax. galan : O. H. Ger. galan c&a-short;n&e-short;re : Dan. gale to crow : Swed. gala to crow : Icel. gala to crow, sing.] DER. a-galan, be-, on- : nihte-gale. See Grm. D. M. pp. 987, 1173.

galder-cræftiga one crafty or skilful in enchantments, an enchanter, L. Alf. 30; Th. i. 52, 9; MS. H. v. galdor-cræftiga.

galdere, es; m. An enchanter, a charmer, sorcerer, diviner, soothsayer; incant&a-long;tor, augur, haruspex, Som. Ben. Lye. DER. wyrm-galdere. [Cf. O. H. Ger. kalstarari incantator.] v. galan.

galdor, gealdor, es; pl. nom. acc. galdor, galdru; gen. galdra; dat. galdrum; n. [galan to sing, enchant, q. v.] An incantation, divination, enchantment, a charm, magic, sorcery; incant&a-long;tio, cantio, carmen, fasc&i-short;n&a-long;tio :-- Þurh heora galdor per incant&a-long;ti&o-long;nes, Bd. 4, 27; S. 604, 9. Sing ðæt galdor sing the charm, Lchdm. iii. 38, 3. Galdre bewunden encircled by enchantment, Beo. Th. 6097; B. 3052. Ne sceal nán man mid galdre wyrte besingan no man shall enchant a herb with magic, Homl. Th. i. 476, 8. Galdra fela many sorceries, Bt. Met. Fox 26, 106; Met. 26, 53 : Deut. 18, 11. Nis ðé ende feor, ðæs ðe ic on galdrum ongieten hæbbe thy end is not far off, from what I have understood by [thy] divinations, Exon. 50 a; Th. 174, 19; Gú. 1180. Ðás galdor mon mæg singan on wunde a man may sing these charms over a wound, L. M. 3, 63; Lchdm. ii. 352, 5. Hig worhton óðer swilc þing þurh hira drýcræft and þurh Egiptisce galdru fec&e-long;runt etiam ipsi per incant&a-long;ti&o-long;nes Ægyptiacas et arc&a-long;na quædam sim&i-short;l&i-short;ter, Ex. 7, 11. Galdrum cýdan to inform by divination, Elen. Kmbl. 321; El. 161. [Laym. galdere, dat. magic : Icel. galdr, galðr, m. a song, charm, spell, witchcraft, sorcery.] DER. cear-

galdor-, gealdor-cræftiga, an; m. One crafty or skilful in enchantments, an enchanter; incant&a-long;tor :-- Ða fæ-acute;mnan, ðe gewunniaþ [MS. gewunniah] onfón galdorcræftigan, ne læ-acute;t ðú ða libban the women, who are wont to receive enchanters, suffer thou not to live, L.Alf. 30; Wilk. 31, 26. gealdor, heáh-galdor.

galdor-cræft, gealdor-cræft, es; m. The art of enchanting, magic art, incantation; incantandi ars, m&a-short;g&i-short;ca ars, incant&a-long;tio :-- On galdorcræftum per incant&a-long;ti&o-long;nes, L. M. I. P. 39; Th. ii. 274, 32. He Iudéa galdor-cræftum wiðstód he withstood the magic arts of the Jews, Andr. Kmbl. 332; An. 166. Ða ðe galdorcræftas begangaþ those that practise magical arts, Blickl. Homl. 62, 23.

galdor-cwide, es; m. A magic saying, song; m&a-short;g&i-short;cus sermo, cantus, Exon. 113 a; Th. 432, 28; Rä. 49, 7.

galdor-galere, es; m. An enchanter, soothsayer; incant&a-long;tor, Cot. 118 : 193.

galdor-leóþ, es; n. A magic song, an enchantment, charm, spell; incant&a-long;tio, carmen, incant&a-long;mentum, Cot. 188.

galdor-word, es; n. A magic word, word of incantation; cant&a-long;ti&o-long;nis verbum :-- Ic galdorwordum gól I sang in magic words, Exon. 94 b; Th. 353, 37; Reim. 24.

galdra of enchantments, of sorceries, Bt. Met. Fox 26, 106; Met. 26, 53; gen. pl. of galdor.

galdru enchantments, Ex. 7, 11; pl. nom. acc. of galdor.

galdrygea, an; m. An enchanter; incant&a-long;tor, Cot. 108.

galere, es; m. An enchanter; incant&a-long;tor :-- Galere incant&a-long;tor, Wrt. Voc. 74, 38. DER. galdor-, wyrm-galere.

gál-ferhþ; adj. Mind-lustful, licentious; lib&i-long;d&i-short;n&o-long;sus, lasc&i-long;vus :-- Gewát ðá se deófulcunda gálferhþ his beddes neosan then the devilish [man] went lustful in mind to seek his bed, Judth, 10; Thw. 22, 14; Jud. 62.

gál-freólsas; pl. m. Licentious festivals; lasc&i-long;va festa, Luperc&a-long;lia, Som. Ben. Lye.

gálfull; adj. Lustful, licentious, luxurious; lib&i-long;d&i-short;n&o-long;sus, lux&u-short;ri&o-long;sus, Scint. 21 : 28 : 58.

gálfullíce; adv. Lustfully, luxuriously; lib&i-long;d&i-short;n&o-long;se, lux&u-short;ri&o-long;se, Scint. 13.

GALGA, gealga, an; m. A gallows, gibbet, cross; arbor inf&e-long;lix, pat&i-short;b&u-short;lum, crux :-- Galga pat&i-short;b&u-short;lum, Ælfc. Gl. 15; Som. 58, 30; Wrt. Voc. 21, 24. He of galgan his gæ-acute;st onsend he sent forth his soul from a gallows, Exon. 70 a; Th. 261, 4; Ju1. 310 : 72 b; Th. 271, 15; Jul. 482 : Beo. Th. 4883; B. 2446. He his blód ageát on galgan he shed his blood on the cross, Cd. 225; Th. 299, 15; Sat. 550 : Menol. Fox 170; Men. 86 : Elen. Kmbl. 957; El. 480. On galgum on the cross, Cd. 224; Th. 297, 3; Sat. 511. [Chauc. R. Brun. galwes, pl : Plat. galge : O.Sax. galgo, m : O. Frs. galga, m : Dut. galg, f : Ger. galgen, m : M. H. Ger. galge, m : O. H. Ger. galgo, m : Goth. galga, m. a cross : Dan. galge, m. f : Swed. galge, m : Icel. gálgi, m.] See Grm. R. A. pp. 682-4.

galga-tré, es; n. A gallows-tree, cross :-- Ðín ródes galgatré tuum crucis patibulum, Rtl. 23, 36. On ródes galgatree in crucis patibulo, 124, 1. v. galg-treów. [Havel. galwetre : Icel. gálga-tré.]

galg-mód; adj. [galg = gealh sad; mód mind] Sad in mind, gloomy; tristis an&i-short;mo :-- His módor, gífre and galg-mód, gegán wolde sorhfulne síþ his mother, greedy and gloomy, would go a sorrowful journey, Beo. Th. 2558; B. 1277. v. gealg-mód.