This is page 475 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

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GIFEN - GIFU

gifen the sea, Exon. 101 a; Th. 381, 29; Rä. 3, 3. v. geofon.

gifende giving, giving in marriage, Cot. 216. v. gifan, gift.

gífer, es; m. A glutton :-- Gífer hátte se wyrm the worm's name is glutton, Exon. 99 b; Th. 373. 31; Seel. 118. v. gífre.

gíferlíce; adj. Greedily, eagerly; avide :-- Ongan gíferlíce ðæt gærs etan virecta herbarum avidius carpere cæpit, Bd. 3, 9; S. 533, 41. Gíferlíce pertinaciter, Hpt. Gl. 424. [Cf. Icel. gífrliga savagely: Mod. Icel. exorbitantly.]

gífer-nes, -ness, e; f. Greediness, avarice, voracity, gluttony; aviditas, gula :-- Gífernys biþ ðæt se man æ-acute;r tíman hine gereordige oððe æt his mæ-acute;le to micel þicge mid oferflówendnysse æ-acute;tes oððe wæ-acute;tes greediness is a man's eating before the time, or taking too much at his meal with superfluity of meat or drink, Homl. Th. ii. 218, 29. Him wæs metes micel lust ac ðeáh mid nánum æ-acute;tum his gýfernysse gefyllan ne mihte he had great craving for food but yet could he not with any viands satisfy his voracity, i. 86, 6: 168, 12. Ða niétenu for ðære gewilnunge hiera gífernesse simle lócigeaþ to ðære eorþan beasts because of their greedy desires ever look to the earth, Past. 21; Swt. 154, 20; Cot. MS. Ðæt ríce ðæt ða æ-acute;restan men forworhtan þurh heora gífernesse the kingdom that the first persons forfeited through their greediness, Blickl. Homl. 25, 1: Num. 11, 4: Bt. 35, 6; Fox 170, 2. [Orm. gifernesse: Laym. &yogh;ivernesse.]

gifeðe, es; n. What is granted by fate, lot, fortune, fate :-- Wæs ðæt gifeðe to swíð ðe ðone ðyer ontyhte too strong was the fate that impelled him thither, Beo. Th. 6163; B. 3085. On gifeðe by chance, Andr. Kmbl. 977; An. 489. v. Grmm. And. u. El. p. 108. [Cf. Laym. swulc &yogh;ifueðe, 2nd MS. so moche god, v. 8118: Icel. gipta good luck.] v. next word.

gifeðe, gyfeðe; adj. Given, granted [by fate]; datus, concessus :-- Gief ðæt biþ him gifeðe if that be granted him, Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iii. 50, 2: Th. Chart. 470, 1: 472, 3. Nó gifeðe wearþ Abrahame ðæt him yrfeweard wlitebeorht ides on worulde brohte it was not granted to Abraham that the beautiful woman brought him an heir into the world, Cd. 83; Th. 103, 31; Gen. 1726: 101; Th. 134, 13; Gen. 2224: Beo. Th. 5454; B. 2730. Gyfeðe, 1115; B. 555. Him ðæt gifeðe ne wæs it was not granted him, 3658; B. 2652. Hwæt him gúðweorca gifeðe wurde what work of war should be assigned him, Andr. Kmbl. 2134; An. 1068: Beo. Th. 4976; B. 2491: 604; B. 299. v. Grmm. D. M. 843. [Laym. &yogh;ifveðe: O. Sax. gi&b-bar;iðig: O. H. Ger. gibedig.] v. ungifeðe, and preceding word.

gif-fæst; adj. Gifted with, capable of, fitted for; capax :-- Sum biþ wóþbora giedda giffæst one is a poet gifted with song, Exon. 78 b; Th. 295, 20; Crä. 36: Cot. 57.

gif-heal, -heall, e; f. A gift-hall, hall in which gifts are distributed; aula in qua dominus dona distribuit :-- Ymb ða gifhealle around the gift-hall, Beo. Th. 1680; B. 838.

gifian; p. ode, ede; pp. od, ed To bestow gifts :-- Se cyng him cynelíce gifode the king bestowed gifts upon him royally, Chr. 994; Erl. 133, 32. Hió ðá gifede mycele þinc ðam biscope she gave great gifts to the bishop, H. R. 17, 12.

gifl, giefl, gifel, gyfl, es; n. Food, meat, piece of food :-- Líc biþ wyrmes giefl the body shall be the worm's food, Exon. 100 a; Th. 374, 15; Seel. 126. Ðú wyrma gifl thou food for worms, 98 b; Th. 368, 16; Seel. 22. Hí ðæt gyfl þégun they ate that food, 61 b; Th. 226, 24; Ph. 410: 45 a; Th. 153, 8; Gú. 822. Húsle gereorded ðý æþelan gyfle fed with the Eucharist, with the noble food, 51 b: Th. 18o, 5; Gú. 1275. Lytlum gieflum with the little bits of meat, 88 b; Th. 332, 23; Vy. 89. v. æ-acute;fen-gifl.

gifnes, -ess, e; f. A favour, grace; beneficium, gratia :-- Ealle we beþurfon Godes gifnesse we all have need of God's grace, Hy. 7, 114, 110: Hy. Grn. ii. 289, 114, 110. DER. for-gifnes.

gifol, giful; adj. Generous, bountiful, liberal; largus :-- He swá gifol is and swá rúmedlíce gifþ he is so liberal and gives so abundantly, Bt. 38, 3; Fox 202, 14.

gifre; adj. Useful, salutary :-- Niðum to nytte hæleþum gifre of advantage to men, useful to warriors, Exon. 107 b; Th. 409, 12; Rä. 27, 28: 113 a; Th. 433, 6; Rä. 50, 3. v. ungifre, and cf. Icel. gæfr.

gífre; adj. Greedy, covetous, voracious, eager, desirous; avidus :-- Gífre gulosus, Wrt. Voc. 86, 51. Gífere vel frec ambro, Ælfc. Gl. 88; Som. 74, 83; Wrt. Voc. 50, 63. Tantalus se cyning ðe ungemetlíce gífre wæs Tantalus the king who was immoderately greedy, Bt. 35, 6; Fox 170, 1. Ða faraséi ða ðe gífre wæ-acute;ron pharasæi qui erant avari, Lk. Skt. 16, 14. Líg gold gífre forgrípeþ græ-acute;dig swelgeþ the flame voracious lays hold on gold, greedy devours it, Exon. 63 a; Th. 232, 15; Ph. 507: 38 a; Th. 124, 32; Gú. 346. Gífrum grápum with greedy clutches, 38 b; Th. 126, 28; Gú. 378: Andr. Kmbl. 2671; An. 1337. Gesyhst ðú nú ða sweartan helle græ-acute;dige and gífre seest thou now the black hell greedy and ravenous? Cd. 37; Th. 49, 16; Gen. 793: 213; Th. 267, 2; Sat. 82: 217; Th. 276, 21; Sat. 192: Exon. 82 a; Th. 309, 24; Seef. 62. Se gífra gæ-acute;st the greedy spirit, 22 a; Th. 60, 21; Cri. 973. Ic heora eom swíðe gífre I am very desirous for them, Bt. 22, 1; Fox 76, 20. Líg gæ-acute;sta gífrost flame, most ravenous of spirits, Beo. Th. 2250; B. 1123. Gífrost and græ-acute;dgost most rapacious and most greedy, Exon. 128 a; Th. 493, 2; Rä. 81, 24. [Orm. giferr: Laym. &yogh;ifer: cf. Icel. gífr; n. pl. fiends.]

gif-sceatt, es; m. A gift-treasure, present; donum pretiosum, munus :-- Sæ-acute;líðende gifsceattas Geátum feredon sea-voyagers bore gift-treasures for the Gauts, Beo. Th. 761; B. 378.

gif-stól, gief-stól, es; m. A gift-seat, seat from which gifts are distributed, throne, throne of grace; donorum thronus, solium, gratiæ thronus :-- Ðone gifstól grétan to greet the throne, Beo. Th. 338; B. 168. Brynewylmum mealt gifstól Geáta the gift-chair of the Goths was consumed by flames of fire, Beo. Th. 4643; B. 2327: Exon. 16 a; Th. 36, 6; Cri. 572. Sceal gifstól gegierwed stondan a throne shall stand prepared,

Exon. 90 a; Th. 337, 23; Gn. Ex. 69: 77 a; Th. 289, 7; Wand. 44.

gift, gyft, e; f. I. a gift; as a technical term, the amount to be given by a suitor in consideration of receiving a woman to wife :-- Gif mon wíf gebycgge and sió gyft forþ ne cume if a man buy a wife and the sum agreed upon be not forthcoming, L. In. 31; Th. i. 122, 5. See the note. That matrimony in the olden times was a bargain may be seen by the words used in connection with it, e.g. gebycgan, in the passage above; see also ge-ceápian,ceáp. For an account of such a bargaining see Njál Saga, c. 2. See also Th. i. 254-6, Cl. and Vig. Icel. Dict. mundr, and Grmm. R. A. pp. 419 sqq. II. in pl. f. and n. gifta, giftu marriage; nuptiæ :-- Giftu nuptiæ, Ælfc. Gr. 13; Som. 16, 22: 28, 4; Som. 31, 20: Mone Gl. 433 a. On ðam þriddan dæge wæ-acute;ron gifta gewordene die tertia nuptiæ factæ sunt, Jn. Bos. 2, 1: Mt. Bos. 22, 3. Crist wearþ to his gyftum gelaðod Christ was invited to his marriage, Homl. Th. i. 58, 10, 11: Hy. 10, 17; Hy. Grn. ii. 293, 17. Æt ðæ-acute;m giftan sceal mæsse-preóst beón at the nuptials there shall be a mass-priest,

L. Edm. 13, 8; Th. i. 256, 6. Wífigende and gyfta syllende nubentes et nubtum tradentes, Mt. Bos. 24, 38: Lk. Bos. 20, 34. Gifta dón hearm getácnaþ to keep a wedding betokens harm, Lchdm. iii. 208, 21: L. Alf. 12; Th. i. 46, 17. [Laym. Piers P. &yogh;ift gift: O. Frs. jeft: O. H. Ger. gift gift: Goth. fra-gifts espousal: Icel. gipt a gift, wedding.]

gift-búr, es; m. A wedding-chamber, bride-chamber :-- Swá swá brýdguma forþ gewítende of giftbúre his tanquam sponsus procedens de thalamo suo, Ps. Spl. T. 18, 5.

gifte, an; f. Dowry :-- Gilde be ðære giftan mæ-acute;þe reddat pecuniam juxta modum dotis quam virgines accipere consueverunt, Ex. 22, 17. [Cf. L. Alf. 29; Th. i. 52, 8; and see gift.]

giftelíc; adj. Belonging to a wedding; nuptialis, Cot. 139.

gift-hús, es; n. A wedding-house; nuptiarum domus :-- Ðá wæ-acute;run ða gyfthús mid sittyndum mannum gefyllede impletæ sunt nubtiæ discumbentium, Mt. Kmbl. 22, 10. v. gift-líc.

giftian; p. ode; pp. od To give a woman in marriage :-- Ne wífiaþ hí ne ne gyftigeaþ neque nubent neque nubentur, Mk. Skt. 12, 25. Ne giftigeaþ hí ne wíf ne læ-acute;daþ neque nubent neque ducunt uxores, Lk. Skt. 20, 35. [Cf. Icel. gipta to give a woman in marriage; giptask to marry: O. H. Ger. gi-gift venundatus, deditus.]

gift-leóþ, es; n. A marriage-song; epithalamium, carmen nubentium, Ælfc. Gl. 82; Som. 73, 53; Wrt. Voc. 47, 57.

gift-líc; adj. Nuptial, belonging to a marriage; nuptialis :-- Ðá geseah he ðæ-acute;r æ-acute;nne man ðe næs mid gyftlícum reáfe gescrýd vidit ibi hominem non vestitum veste nubtiali, Mt. Kmbl. 22, 11, 12. Ðæt gyftlíce hús the house where the marriage was, Homl Th. ii. 70, 16. Giftlíc sponsalis, Hpt. Gl. 525; nuptialis, 491. Giftlíce sponsalia, Mone Gl. 354 a.

giftu. v. gift.

gifu, gyfu, giefu, giofu, geofu, gif, e; pl. nom. acc. -a, -e; gen. -a, -ena; f. I. a gift, grace, favour; donum, munas, beneficium, gratia, virtus, facultas :-- Wæs gifu Hróþgáres oft geæhted the gift of Hrothgar was often prized, Beo. Th. 3773; B. 1884. Ðám he geaf micle gife freódómes to these he gave the great gift of freedom, Bt. 41, 2; Fox 246, 1. Ðæt hie ælmihtiges gife ánforléten that they the Almighty's gift might lose, Cd. 32; Th. 43, 19; Gen. 693. Ic ðam mago-rince míne sylle godcunde gife I will give to the youth my divine grace, 106; Th. 140, 17; Gen. 2329. We onféngon gife for gife we have received grace for grace, Jn. Bos. 1, 16. Heó gefylled wæs wísdómes gife she was filled with the gift of wisdom, Elen. Kmbl. 2285; El. 1144. Ðá him wæstmas brohte geár-torhte gife gréne folde when to him the verdant earth should bring fruits, yearly-bright gifts, Cd. 76; Th. 94, 13; Gen. 1561. Sáulum on heofonum selest weorþlíca gifa to souls in heaven thou wilt give worthy gifts, Bt. Met. Fox 20, 453; Met. 20, 227. Næs hió to gnéþ gifa she was not too sparing of gifts, Beo. Th. 3864; B. 1930. Neorxna wang stód gifena gefylled paradise stood filled with gifts, Cd. 11; Th. 13, 28; Gen. 209: Exon. 41 b; Th. 138, 18; Gú. 578. Ðín mód trymeþ godcundum gifum strengtheneth thy mind with divine gifts, Cd. 135; Th. 170, 8; Gen. 2810. Brýdlíce gife nuptialis dos, Hpt. Gl. 511. Hláfordes gifu impost due to the Lord, L. Eth. 3, 3; Th. i. 292, 16: L. C. S. 82; Th. i. 422, 1: L. N. P. L. 67; Th. ii. 302, 7. See Thorpe's Glossary. To gifes gratis, Hpt. Gl. 478. Gá hire út to gife bútan feó let her go out free without money, Ex. 21, 11: Num. 11, 5. To gife gratis, Gen. 29, 15. Gifum gratis, Ps. Spl. T. 34, 8. II. the Anglo-Saxon Rune RUNE = g, the name of which letter in Anglo-Saxon is gifu a gift,-hence, this Rune not only stands for the letter g, but for gifu a gift, as :-- RUNE [Gifu] gumena byþ gleng and herenys a gift is the honour and praise of men, Runic. pm. 7; Kmbl. 340, 23; Hick. Thes. i. 135. [Orm. gife: Laym. geve: R. Brun. give: Kath. geoven, pl: Piers P. yeves: O. Sax. ge&b-bar;a; f. donum: O. Frs. jeve: O. H. Ger. geba: Goth. giba: Icel. gjöf; f. donum, munus.] DER. beáh-gifu, brýd-, eád-, feorh-, freót-, frum-, hyht-, máððum, morgen-, sinc-, sundor-, sundur-, sweord-, wóþ-, wuldor-, wundor-.