This is page 514 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 24 Jun 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

HEÁFOD-Æ-acute;DRE - HEÁFOD-WÆRC

heáfod-æ-acute;dre, e; f. The cephalick vein :-- Læ-acute;t him blód on ðam winestran earme of ðære heáfodæ-acute;dre let blood from the cephalick vein in his left arm, L. M. 2, 42; Lchdm. ii. 254, 7.

heáfod-bán, es; n. Head-bone, skull :-- Monnes heáfodbán bærn tó ahsan burn a man's skull to ashes, L. M. 1, 53; Lchdm. ii. 126, 2. Wulfes heáfodbán bærn swíðe burn a wolf's skull thoroughly, 61; Lchdm. ii. 132, 3. [Laym. hæfd-, heued-bon skull: Icel. höfuð-bein.]

heáfod-beáh; gen. -beáges; m. A head-ring, crown :-- Heáfodbeáh gyldenne a golden crown, Bt. 37, 2; Fox 188, 8.

heáfod-beorh; gen. -beorge; f. A head-shelter, helmet, Beo. Th. 2065; B. 1030.

heáfod-beorht; adj. Having a bright, splendid head, Exon. 105 a; Th. 400, 2; Rä. 20, 2.

heáfod-biscop, es; m. A head-bishop, high priest :-- Abiathar ðæra Iudéiscra heáfodbiscop Abiathar high priest of the Jews, Homl. Th. ii. 420, 31.

heáfod-bolla, an; m. A skull :-- Heáfodbollan stówe Golgotha, Lye.

heáfod-bolster, es; n. A pillow :-- Heáfdbolster capitale, Ælfc. Gl. 27; Som. 60, 104; Wrt. Voc. 25, 44. Under ðínum heáfodbolstre under thy pillow, L. M. 3, 58; Lchdm. ii. 342, 14.

heáfod-botl, es; n. A chief dwelling, principal mansion :-- Dæ-acute;lon hí ðæt heáfodbotl him betweónan let them share the chief dwelling between them, Chart. Th. 529, 33: 542, 10: 597, 6. [Icel. höfuð-ból a manor, domain.]

heáfod-burh; gen. -burge; f. Chief town, capital, metropolis :-- Forgeaf him wununge on Cantwarebyrig, seó wæs ealles his ríces heáfodburh he gave him a dwelling in Canterbury, that was the chief town of all his kingdom, Homl. Th. ii. 128, 31. Hí becómon æt néxtan tó ánre heáfod-byrig Suanir geháten they arrived at last at a chief town called Suanir, 494, 2. Cartaina heora heáfodburh Carthage their principal city, Ors. 4, 6; Bos. 84, 29. [Orm. &YOGH;errsalam wass hæfeddburrh off Issraeless riche: Icel. höfuð-borg metropolis: O. H. Ger. houpit-purch.]

heáfod-cláþ, es; n. Head-cloth, head-dress :-- Heáfodcláþ vel cappa capitulum vel capitularium, Ælfc. Gl. 64; Som. 69, 14; Wrt. Voc. 40, 48. [A. R. hore heued-cloð sitte lowe, 424, 23.]

heáfod-cwide, es; m. I. a saying of especial importance :-- Ða iiii heáfodcwidas in Actibus Apostolorum ðus bebeódaþ quattuor dicta præcipua in Actibus Apostolorum sic præcipiunt, L. Ecg. C. 38; Th. ii. 162, 33. II. a chapter :-- Onginnaþ heáfudcuido incipiunt capitulæ, Rtl. 166, 17.

heáfod-cyrice, an; f. A principal church, cathedral, L. C. E. 3; Wilk. 127, 52. [R. Glouc. heued chirche of al Cristendom; Icel. höfuðkirkja high-church, cathedral.]

heáfod-ece, es; m. Head-ache :-- Wið heáfodece for head-ache, Lchdm. i. 4,15: Herb. 75, 6; Lchdm. i. 178, 15. [A. R. heavedeche.]

heáfodeht; adj. Having a head [of plants] :-- Heáfdehtes porres of a leek having a head to it, L. M. 2, 30; Lchdm. ii. 230, 10.

heáfod-fæder; m. A patriarch, Lye.

heáfod-frætewnes, -ness, e; f. A head-ornament, Cot. 65, Lye.

heáfod-gemaca, -gemæcca, an; m. An equal, a mate, fellow :-- Ða sylfan his heáfodgemacan hé forlét his very fellows he forsook, Guthl. 2; Gdwin. 16, 16. Ic mæg sleán míne heáfodgemæccan [heáfudgemæccean, Cot. MS.] I may beat my fellow-servants; cæperit percutere conservos suos, Past. 17, 8; Swt. 121, 12. Feówra sum his heáfodgemacene with three of his equals, L. Wih. 19, 21; Th. i. 40, 17, 21. Mid heora heáfodgemacum cum suis similibus, Bd. 4, 22; S. 591, 8. [Cf. heáfod-mæ-acute;g.]

heáfod-gerím, es; n. The chief number, majority; or number of heads, i. e. of men [cf. the other compounds of gerím], Judth. 12; Thw. 26, 4; Jud. 309. v. next word.

heáfod-getel, es; n. A principal, cardinal number :-- Cardinales numeros ðæt synd ða heáfodgetel, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Som. 49, 64.

heáfod-gewæ-acute;de, es; n. A head-dress, veil :-- Ðæt beó ðé tó heáfod-gewæ-acute;don let it be to thee for a veil, Gen. 20, 16.

heáfod-gim; m. f.[?] Jewel of the head, the eye, Exon. 27 a; Th. 81, 49; Cri. 1331: 89 b; Th. 336, 6; Gn. Ex. 44: Andr. Kmbl. 62; An. 31.

heáfod-gold, es; n. A crown :-- Ðú him sylst heáfodgold tó mæ-acute;rþe honore coronasti eum, Ps. Th. 8, 6. [Icel. höfuð-gull head jewels.]

heáfod-gylt, e; f. A capital crime, deadly sin :-- Búton hine hwá mid heáfodgylte forwyrce ðæt hé weofudþénunge ðanonforþ wyrðe sí unless any one by deadly sin render himself unworthy thenceforth of the altar-service, L. N. P. L. 2; Th. ii. 290, 8.

heáfod-hæ-acute;r, es; n. A hair of the head :-- Heáfod-hæ-acute;r capilli, Ælfc. Gl; 70; Som. 70, 55; Wrt. Voc. 42, 63.

heáfod-hriéfþo; f. Head-roughness; capitis scabies, L. M. 2, 30; Lchdm. ii 228, 13.

heáfod-land. v. hafud-land.

heáfod-leahter, es; m. A capital offence, mortal sin :-- Æ-acute;lc ðara manna ðe mid heáfodleahtre besmiten biþ unusquisque eorum hominum, qui capitalibus criminibus polluti sunt, L. M. I. P. 1; Th. ii. 266, 3. Se ðe ða heáfodleahtras wyrcþ and on ðám geendaþ hé mót forbyrnan on ðam écum fýre he who commits the deadly sins and dies in them shall burn in the everlasting fire, Homl. Th. ii. 590, 17.

heáfod-leás; adj. Headless :-- Heáfodleás bodig truncus, Ælfc. Gl. 73; Som. 71, 30; Wrt. Voc. 44, 16: Exon. 104 a; Th. 395, 19; Rä. 15, 10.

heáfod-lencten-fæsten, es; n. The chief Lent fast, R. Concord.

heáfod-líc; adj. Chief, capital :-- For heáfodlícum gyltum pro capitalibus criminibus, L. Ecg. C. 2; Th. ii. 134, 3. Ðæt wé ús healdan wið heáfodlícan leahtras to keep ourselves from deadly sins, Blickl. Homl. 37, 3.

heáfod-ling, es; m. An equal, a fellow, mate :-- Heáfodlinges coæquales, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 11, 16. Heáfodlinges conservos, 24. 49. [Laym. has hevedling chief, captain, like Ger. häuptling.]

heáfod-mæ-acute;g, es; m. A near relation, a relation in the first degree, Cd. 60, Th. 73, 6; Gen. 1200: 78; Th. 96, 36; Gen. 1605: Beo. Th. 1180; B. 588: 4308; B. 2151. v. next word; and cf Icel. höfuð-niðjar, höfuðbarmsmenn agnates: v. also cneów-mæ-acute;gas, and see Grmm. R. A. pp. 468-70, for terms belonging to the body in their application to degrees of relationship.

heáfod-mága, an; m. A near relation, Andr. Kmbl. 1884; An. 944. v. preceding word.

heáfod-man, -mann, es; m. A chief man, prince, captain, leader :-- Heáfodman vel þegn primas, Ælfc. Gl. 68; Som. 70, 5; Wrt. Voc. 42, 14: Homl. Th. ii. 514, 14. Þæt folc wearþ micclum ástyred, and ða heáfodmenn and ða bóceras the people were much stirred up and the elders and the scribes, i. 44, 30. Israhéla heáfodmen heads of thousands in Israel, Num. 1, 16: 13, 3: Jos. 23, 2. Þa heáfodmen the lords [of the Philistines], Jud. 16, 27: Chr. 1069; Erl. 207, 15: 1101; Erl. 237, 14, 25. Ðæ-acute;r on wæ-acute;ron twægen heáfodmen Cnut and Hácun eorl in them were two leaders, Cnut and earl Hakon, 1075; Erl. 214, 7. [Laym. hæfdmen, pl: Orm. hæfeddmann: Icel. höfuðs-maðr a chief, leader: O. H. Ger. haubitman satrapa: Ger. hauptmann captain.]

heáfod-mynster, es; n. A chief minster, church, L. Eth. ix. 5; Th. i. 340, 27: L. C. E. 3; Th. i. 360, 17.

heáfod-panne, an; f. A skull :-- Heáfodpanne calvaria, Wrt. Voc. 64, 24: 282, 40. Forheáfod vel heáfodpanne calvarium, Ælfc. Gl. 69; Som. 70, 33; Wrt. Voc. 42, 41. Golgotha ðæt is heáfodpannan stów Golgotha quod est calvariæ locus, Mt. Kmbl. 27, 33: Jn. Skt. 19, 17. Heáfodpannena, stów, Mk. Skt. 15, 22. Hundes heáfodpanne a dog's skull, L. M. ex Quad. 13, 3; Lchdm. i. 370, 3: L. M. 2, 55; Lchdm. ii. 342, 4.

heafod-port, es; m. A principal town, Chr. 1086; Erl. 220, 21.

heáfod-ríce, es; n. A chief kingdom, empire :-- Feówer heáfodrícu quatuor regnorum principatus, Ors. 2, 1; Swt. 58, 31.

heáfod-sár, es; m. Pain in the head, Herb. 4, 7; Lchdm. i. 90, 28.

heáfod-sién, -sýn, e; f. The eye :-- Ðæ-acute;r him hrefn nimeþ heáfodsýne there [on the gallows] shall the raven take from him his eye, Exon. 87 b; Th. 329, 19; Vy. 36. Heáfodsiéna, Cd. 114; Th. 150, 11; Gen. 2490.

heáfod-slæge, es; n. Head of a pillar[?]; capital, Cot. 50, Lye. [Cf. ofer-slege.]

heáfod-smæl capitium, Wrt. Voc. 288, 43.

heáfod-stede, es; m. A chief place :-- Heora þeówas hie benóman heora heáfodstedes ðæt hie Capitoliam héton servi invaserunt Capitolium, Ors. 2, 6; Swt. 86, 30. Hwílum wæ-acute;ran heáfodstedas and heálíce hádas micelre mæ-acute;ðe wyrðe formerly the chief places and high ranks were entitled to much honour, L. Eth. vii. 3; Th. i. 330, 6. [O. Sax. hó&b-bar;id-stedi: O. H. Ger. houpit-stat toparchia.]

heáfod-stól, es; m. A chief place, capital :-- Thébána fæsten ðætte æ-acute;r wæs ealra Créca heáfodstól the city of Thebes which before was the chief place of all Greece, Ors. 3, 9; Swt. 124, 5: 3, 11; Swt. 144, 19. [Icel. höfuð-stóll a chief seat.]

heáfod-stów, e; f. A place for the head :-- Seó heáfodstów cræftiglíce geworht ætýwde locus capitis fabrefactus apparuit, Bd. 4, 19; S. 590, 1.

heáfod-swíma, an; m. Swimming in the head, dizziness, Cd. 76; Th. 94, 28; Gen. 1568. [Icel. höfuð-svími dizziness in the head.]

heáfod-sýn. v. heáfod-sién.

heáfod-þweál, es; n. A washing of the head; capitilavium, Ælfc. Gl. 56; Som. 67, 26; Wrt. Voc. 37, 16. [O. H. Ger. houbit-twehela caputlavium.]

heáfod-wærc, es; m. Pain in the head, L. M. 1, 1; Lchdm. ii. 18, 5, 19. [Prompt. Parv. heedwerke, heedwarke cephalia, cephalargia: Icel. höfuð-verkr head-ache.]