This is page 555 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 25 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

HRÆCEA -- HRÆGEL. 555

142, 1. Wið ðæt man hefelíce hræ-acute;ce for difficulty in clearing the throat in cases of cold, 46, 1; Lchdm. i. 148, 12, 15. [Icel. hrækja to hawk, spit: cf. O. H. Ger. rachison screare.] v. hráca.

hræ-acute;cea, an; m. Clearing the throat, hawking :-- Þurh spátl and hræ-acute;cean by spittle and clearing the throat, L. M. 1, 1; Lchdm. ii. 24, 8.

hræ-acute;cetung, e; f. Retching, eructation :-- Wið bitere hræ-acute;cetunge, L. M. 2, 8; Lchdm. ii. 186, 26.

hræ-acute;c-gebræc, es; n. A cold in the chest, hoarseness: -- Hræ-acute;c-gebræc branchos [ = GREEK], Ælfc. Gl. 10; Som. 57, 23; Wrt. Voc. 19, 29. v. bræc, gebræceo.

hræ-acute;ctan; p. te To eructate, retch :-- Biþ sió wamb áþened and hræ-acute;ctaþ gelóme the stomach is extended and they eructate frequently, L. M. 2, 28; Lchdm. ii. 224, 12.

hræc-tunge, an; f. The uvula :-- Biþ reád ymb ða hræctunga[n?], L. M. 1, 4; Lchdm. ii. 46, 10.

hræ-acute;cung, e; f. A clearing of the throat, hawking :-- Gelome spæ-acute;tunga oððe hræ-acute;cunga frequent spittings or hawkings, L. M. 2, 1; Lchdm. ii. 174, 21. DER. blod-, wyrs-hræ-acute;cung.

hræd, hræð, hreð; adj. Quick, swift, speedy, sudden, alert, rapid, prompt, active :-- Hræd oððe glæd agilis: hræddre agilior: ealra hrædost agillimus, Ælfc. Gr. 5; Som. 5, 6. Hræd oððe glæd alacer, 9, 18; Som. 9, 66. Tó hræd ierre præceþs ira, Past. 13, 2; Swt. 79, 14, 11. Worda tó hræd, Exon. 88 a; Th. 330, 13; Vy. 50. Sum biþ hræd tæfle one is quick at games of chance, 79 a; Th. 297, 25; Crä. 73. Ðæt wæs hræd æ-acute;rendraca se tylode tó secganne hys æ-acute;rndunge æ-acute;r ðon ðe hé lyfde that was a quick messenger, who strove to tell his message before he lived, Shrn. 95, 20. Se gást is hræd spiritus promptus est, Mt. Kmbl. 26, 41. Níþ godes hreð [hréð ?] of heofonum God's anger swift from heaven, Cd. 206; Th. 255, 6; Dan. 620. Hræd and unlæt, Exon. 113 b; Th. 436, 9; Rä. 54, 11. Ðú ðe on hrædum færelde ðone heofon ymbhweorfest qui rapido cælum turbine versas, Bt. 4; Fox 6, 31. On hræde spræ-acute;ce in prosam, Bd. 5, 23; S. 648, 22. Hræde weámetta sudden sadnesses, L. I. P. 10; Th. ii. 318, 32. Hrade [MS. T. hræþe; Ps. Th. hraðe] fót heora tó ágeótenne blód veloces pedes eorum ad effundendum sanguinem, Ps. Spl. 13, 6. Ða hradan ðonne sint tó manianne præcipites admonendi sunt, Past. 39, 1; Swt. 281, 20. Mé is fenýce fóre hreðre is ðæs gores sunu gonge hrædra more swift than I is the fen-frog in its course, the son of dirt [beetle] is more rapid in its walk, Exon. 111 a; Th. 426, 9-12; Rä. 41, 71-2. [Icel. hraðr swift, fleet: O. H. Ger. hrat, hrad velox.]

hræd-, hræð-bíta, an; m. An insect which eats away clothes, etc; blata, Wrt. Voc. 281, 44.

hrædding. v. hredding.

hræd-férness, e; f. Quickness, rapidity :-- Behealdaþ ða hrædférnesse ðisses heofenes respicite cæli celeritatem, Bt. 32, 2; Fox 116, 6.

hræd-hýdigness, e; f. Precipitancy, hastiness :-- Ðý læs hie unnytlíce forweorpen ðæt ðæt hie sellen for hira hrædhýdignesse ne præcipitatione hoc quod tribuunt inutiliter spargant, Past. 44, 2; Swt. 321, 18. Ðonne oncann hé hiene selfne for ðære hrædhýdignesse ðe hé æ-acute;r tó fela sealde occasionem contra se impatientiæ exquirit, 4; Swt. 325, 16. For hrædhýdignesse præcipiti festinatione, 49, 1; Swt. 375, 16.

hræding, e; f. Hurry, haste :-- Be ðisum þeófum ðe man on hrædinge fúle geáxian ne mæg and man eft geáxaþ ðe hé fúl biþ concerning the thieves that are not at once found out to be guilty, and afterwards it is found on enquiry that he is guilty, L. Æðelst. v. 9; Th. i. 238, 29. Hí burigdon swá swá heó líhtlucost mihten on swylce [h]rædinge they buried him as best they could in such a hurry, Th. An. 123, 22.

hræd-líc; adi. Quick, hasty, sudden, speedy, precipitate :-- Hit wæ-acute;re tó hrædlíc gif hé ðá on cildcradole ácweald wurde it had been precipitate, had he been slain then in the cradle, Homl. Th. i. 82, 28. Æfter hrædlíce tíde after a short time, Ors. 1, 10; Swt. 44, 28. Hé wæs mid hrædlíce deáþe forgripen morte immatura præreptus est, Bd. 4, 23; S. 594, 36. Ðæ-acute;r forþférde Sideman bisceop on hrædlícan deáþe died suddenly, Chr. 977; Erl. 127, 36.

hræd-líce; adv. Quickly, hastily, speedily, immediately, at once, forthwith :-- Hrædlíce actutum, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 41, 64. Hrædlíce hé ástáh of ðam wætere confestim ascendit de aqua, Mt. Kmbl. 3, 16: continuo, 13, 5, 20. Gif ðú wille mildheortnesse ús dón sæge ús ðæt hrædlíce if thou wilt do us kindness, tell us so at once, Blickl. Homl. 233, 19. Him ðá áþas swóron ðæt hie hrædlíce of his ríce fóren they swore oaths to him that they would speedily march out of his kingdom, Chr. 876; Erl. 78, 11. Hé wæs æfter ðam swíðe hrædlíce gehálgod tó cyninge very soon after that he was consecrated king, 979; Erl. 129, 30. Hrædlícor ocius; hrædlícost ocissime, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 42, 9. Se hit mæg hrædlícor geféran he can perform the journey more quickly, Blickl. Homl. 231, 24: Bd. 3, 14; S. 540, 19.

hræd-lícness, e; f. Quickness, suddenness, rapidity, haste :-- Ða micclan welan ðe hig æ-acute;rhwílon áhton hé geseh on hrædlícnysse ealle gewítan the great riches that they formerly owned he saw all quickly pass away, Guthl. 2; Gdwin. 14, 23.

hræd-ness, e; f. Quickness, rapidity :-- Wundorlícre hrædnysse with wonderful quickness, Herb. 18, 4; Lchdm. i. 112, 1. Ond wé ðá mid wunderlícre hreðnysse porrum ðone cyning ofercwomon mira celeritate poro rege devicto, Nar. 4, 4. Se on hrædnesse swá mycele menigo heora fornom quæ in brevi tantam ejus multitudinem stravit, Bd. 1, 14; S. 482, 30.

hræd-spræ-acute;ce. v. un-hrædspræ-acute;ce.

hræd-wægn, -wæ-acute;n, es; m. A swift chariot :-- Se stiórþ ðam hrædwæ-acute;ne eallra gesceafta volucrem currum regit, Bt. 36, 2; Fox 174, 20: Bt. Met. Fox 24, 81; Met. 24, 41.

hræd-wilness, e; f. Precipitancy, haste :-- Sió hátheortness and sió hrædwilnes dæt mód gebringþ on ðæm weorce ðe hine æ-acute;r nán willa tó ne spón mentem impellit furor, quo non trahit desiderium, Past. 33, 1; Swt. 215, 9. Ðeáh for hrædwilnesse tó fóþ tamen præcipitatio impellit, 23, 2; Swt. 177, 15: 49, 1; Swt. 375, 20. [Cf. hræd-hýdigness.]

hræd-wyrde; adj. Quick, hasty of speech :-- Ne sceal nó tó hátheort ne tó hrædwyrde he must not be too passionate nor too hasty of speech, Exon. 77 b; Th. 290, 17; Wand. 66.

hræfn, es; m. A raven :-- Hrefn corvus, Wrt. Voc. 280, 33. Hræmn, Ælfc. Gr. 8; Som. 7, 35. Blac hræm niger corvus, 6; Som. 4, 21; Wrt. Voc. 77, 13. Noe ásende út æ-acute;nne hremn se hremn fleáh ðá út and nolde eft ongeán cirran Noe dimisit corvum, qui egrediebatur et non revertebatur, Gen. 8, 7. Ðá wæs sum wild hrem ... hé ðá wearp ðam hremme ðone geæ-acute;ttrodan hláf there was a wild raven ... he threw the poisoned bread to the raven, Homl. Th. ii. 162, 21, 23. Se wanna hrefn wælgífre fugel, Judth. 11; Thw. 24, 25; Jud. 206: Beo. Th. 6041; B. 3024. Hrefn blaca, 3606; B. 1801. Se swearta hrefn, Soul Kmbl. 108; Seel. 54. Ðæ-acute;r him hrefn nimeþ heáfodsýne slíteþ salwigpád sáwelleásne there shall the raven, dark-coated, pluck from him his eyes, shall tear him lifeless, Exon. 87 b; Th. 329, 18; Vy. 36. Hræfen wan, Elen. Kmbl. 104; El. 52: Fins. Th. 69; Fins. 34. Ðæ-acute;r wæs se gúðfana genumen ðé hí ræfen héton there was the banner taken which they [the Danes] called the Raven [see Asser's life of Alfred under the year 878 for an account of this banner; and see further references in Cl. and Vig. Icel. Dict. under hrafn], Chr. 878; Erl. 81, 3. Hrefnes briddum pullis corvorum, Ps. Th. 146, 10. His sunu hangaþ hrefne tó hróðre his son hangs a solace for the raven, Beo. Th. 4887; B. 2448. Saluwigpádan ðone sweartan hræfn hyrnednebban the black raven, dusky-coated, hard-beaked, Chr. 937; Erl. 115, 10; Æðelst. 61. Hí læccaþ eallswá gýfre hremnas of holde dóþ they seize just as greedy ravens do from a corpse, L. I. P. 19; Th. ii. 328, 5. Swá swá græ-acute;dige ræmmas, L. Ælfc. P. 49; Th. ii. 386, 3. Besceáwiaþ ða hrefnas considerate corvos, Lk. Skt. 12, 24. [Laym. rem: Icel. hrafn, hramn: O. H. Ger. hraban, hram corvus, corax: Ger. rabe.] DER. niht-hræfn.

hræfn, es; m. A crab :-- Se hrefn ðe sume menn hátaþ crabba the 'hrefn' that some people call a crab, Shrn. 162, 21. Hrefnes geallan and leaxes a crab's gall and a salmon's, L. M. 3, 2; Lchdm. ii. 308, 6, see note. Hræfnes geallan, Lchdm. iii. 2, 21. Genim cucune hrefn ádó ða eágan of and eft cucune gebring on wætre take a live crab, put its eyes out, and put it back in the water alive, L. M. 3, 2; Lchdm. ii. 306, 20. v. hæfern.

hræfn-cynn, es; n. The raven-kind: -- Nán þing hrefncynnes, Lev. ii. 17.

hræfnes fót ravensfoot; ranunculus gramineus, see Lchdm. iii. 333, col. 1.

hræfnes leác orchis, see Lchdm. iii. 333, col. 1. v. Grmm. D. M. 1144.

hrægel, hrægl, es; n. A garment, dress, robe, rail [in night-rail] clothing :-- Geræ-acute;wen hrægel segmentata vestis: þicce gewefen hrægel pavidensis: þenne gewefen hrægel levidensis: purpuren hrægel clavus vel purpura: feala hiwes hrægel polymita: wógum bewerod hrægel ralla vel rasilis: geedniwod eald hrægel interpola vestis: geclútad hrægel panucla: gediht hrægel acupicta: þrýlen hrægel trilicis, Ælfc. Gl. 63; Som. 68, 99-109; Wrt. Voc. 40, 10-19. Hrægl and hringas robe and rings, Beo. Th. 2394; B. 1195. Sæt ðæ-acute;r sum þearfa nacod bæd hrægles and ælmessan a beggar sat there naked asked for a garment and an alms, Blickl. Homl. 213, 33. Hrægles þearfa ic mé leáfum þecce lacking raiment I cover me with leaves, Cd. 40; Th. 53, 25; Gen. 866. Ðisses hrægles neót use this robe, Beo. Th. 2439; B. 1217. Wíf móton under brúnun hrægle tó húsle gán mulieribus licet sub nigro velamine eucharistiam accipere, L. Ecg. C. 37; Th. ii. 162, 7. Wese hé hrægle gelíc fiat ei sicut vestimentum, Ps. Th. 108, 19. Mid mete and mid hrægle with food and clothing, Blickl. Homl. 41, 29. Se ðe mid ðon ánum hrægle wæs gegyrwed who was dressed in that one garment, 169, 1. On medmyclum hrægle gehealdene moderate in dress, 185, 17. Man hine forbærneþ mid his wæ-acute;pnum and hrægle he is burnt with his arms and clothing, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 21, 8. Ðæt hrægl ðe hé æ-acute;r ðæm þearfan sealde the cloak that he had given to the beggar, Blickl. Homl. 215, 18: 223, 8. Ongan his hrægl teran began to rend his robe, Judth. 12; Thw. 25, 28; Jud. 283. Ða hwítan hrægl ðara engla the white robes of the angels, Blickl. Homl. 121, 24. Sylle earmum mannum his ealde hrægl let him give his old clothes to the poor, 53, 13. Hie hæfdon manige glengas deórwyrþra hrægla they had many ornaments of costly garments, 99, 19. Beaduscrúda betst hrægla sélest, Beo. Th. 912; B. 454. Án cild hreglum [hræglum, MS. C.] bewunden infantem pannis involutum, Lk. Skt. 2, 12. Mid godwebbenum hræglum with purple raiment, Blickl. Homl. 95, 20.