This is page 562 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 20 May 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

562 HRING-MÆ-acute;LED -- HROFES-CEASTER.

3133; B. 1564. [Cf. Icel. mál used of inlaid ornaments, e.g. mála-sax an inlaid sword; and for ring ornaments see Worsaae's Primeval Antiquities, p. 40.]

hring-mæ-acute;led; adj. Ornamented with inlaid rings :-- Hringmæ-acute;led sweord, Cd. 93; Th. 120, 10; Gen. 1992. v. preceding word.

hring-mere, es; n. A round pool, a bath, Exon. 124 b; Th. 478, 21; Ruin. 45.

hring-naca, an; m. See hringed-stefna, Beo. Th. 2728; B. 1862.

hring-nett, es; n. A net-work of rings, a coat of mail formed of rings :-- Hringnet bæ-acute;ron locene leoþosyrcan, Beo. Th. 3783; B. 1889. [Cf. Icel. hring-kofl. -serkr, -skyrta a coat of mail; hring-ofinn woven of rings, an epithet applied to such a coat.]

hring-sele; m. A hall in which rings are distributed or stored up, Beo. Th. 4024; B. 2010 [Hrothgar's palace]: 6008; B. 3053 [the cavern where the dragon guarded the treasure]: 5672; B. 2840. v. beág-sel, -sele.

hring-seta circenses ludi, Cot. 43, Lye.

hring-sete circus, Cot. 183, Lye.

hring-sittend circumsedens, spectans, Hpt. Gl. 407.

hring-stede circulare stadium, Lye.

hring-þegu, e; f. Acceptance of rings, of gifts given by a lord :-- Ne biþ him tó hearpan hyge ne tó hringþege. Exon. 82 a; Th. 308, 24; Seef. 44. v. beág-þegu.

hring-weorþung, e; f. Honouring by the gift of a ring :-- Ne mægþ habban on healse hringweorþunge no maiden's neck shall be graced with a ring, Beo. Th. 6027; B. 3017. v. hord-weorþung.

hring-windel sphæra, Lye.

hring-wíse, an; f. In the phrase on hringwísan ring-wise, in rings :-- Hwítes hiowes and eác missenlíces wæs hió on hringwísan fág candido versicolore in modum ranarum, Nar. 16, 1. v. hring-fáh.

hrínung, e; f. Touch; tactus :-- In hríning hlafes intincti panis, Jn. Skt. p. 7, 3. Mið ríning &l-bar; miððý gehrán tactu, 8, 7.

hrís, es; n. A twig, branch, RISE :-- Hrís frondes, Cot. 93, Lye. [Laym. O. and N. Chauc. ris: v. Halliwell Dict. rise: Icel. hrís; n. shrubs, brushwood: O. H. Ger. hrís ramus, frondes, ramusculus: Ger. reis a twig, rod.]

hriscan. v. hryscan.

hríseht; adj. Bushy, bristly; setosus, Cot. 186, Lye.

hrisel, hresl, es; m. [?] A shuttle; radius :-- Hrisl radiolum, Ælfc. Gl. 110; Som. 79, 54; Wrt. Voc. 59, 25: radium, Wrt. Voc. 281, 75. Hresl [hrefl. Wrt.] radius, 66, 12. Hrisil, Exon. 109 a; Th. 417, 20; Rä. 36, 7. v. hrisian, and cf. scytel.

hrisian; p. ede To shake :-- Syrcan hrysedon shook their coats of mail, Beo. Th. 458; B. 226. Hrisedon heáfud moverunt capita, Ps. Surt. 21, 8: 108, 24. [Cf. Hresigende febricitans, Mk. Skt. 1, 30 (later MS.).] Stefn drihtnes hrysiendis wésten vox Domini concutientis desertum, Ps. Spl. T. 28, 7. [Laym. rusien: Ayenb. resie: Chauc. rese: Goth. hrisian: O. Sax. hrisian to shake, tremble: cf. Icel. hrista to shake.] v. á-hrisian.

hristenda [hriscenda ?] astridulus, siridulus, Lye. v. hryscan, or next word [?].

hristlan to rustle :-- Hristlend[e] crepens, Lye.

hristlung, e; f. A rustling; crepitus, strepitus. Lye.

hristung, e; f. A quivering, spasmodic action :-- Ceolan hristung and hreóung hlýdende swíðust innan [or should hristlung (v. preceding word) be read?], L. M. 2, 46; Lchdm. ii. 258, 18. Cockayne, who explains as above, compares with Icel. hrista to shake. See also hristenda.

hríð, e; f. A storm, tempest :-- Hríd hreósende the driving storm, Exon. 78 a; Th. 292, 20; Wand. 102. [Icel. hríð; f. a storm, snow-storm.]

hrið, es; m. Fever :-- Fefer ðæt is micel hæ-acute;to and hrið [MS. hruð], L. M. 2, 24; Lchdm. ii. 214, 7. [O. H. Ger. rito; m. febris.]

hrið-ádl, e; f. A fever :-- Gif him hriðádl getenge biþ if fever be upon him, L. M. 2, 24; Lchdm. ii. 214, 16.

hríðer, hrýðer, es; n. Horned cattle, ox, cow, heifer :-- Jung hrýðer juniculus [anniculus ?], Ælfc. Gl. 22; Som. 59, 86; Wrt. Voc. 23, 45. Geong hrýðer L. M. 2, 16; Lchdm. ii. 196, 24. Se hláford geáhsode ðæt ðæt hrýðer [cf. fear, 7] geond ðæt wésten férde the master learned that the bull was going through the desert, Blickl. Homl. 199, 9, 11, 14, 19, 26. Ðæ-acute;r wæ-acute;ron gecýpe hrýðeru and scép there were for sale oxen and sheep, Homl. Th. i. 406, 18. Hwílum hý him ráredon on swá hrýðro sometimes they bellowed at him like oxen, Shrn. 141, 10. Gif hrýðera steorfan if cattle are dying, Lchdm. iii. 54, 31. Ðæ-acute;ron næs orfcynnes nán máre búton vii hruðeru, Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iv. 275, 7: Ex. 34, 19. Bige mid ðam ylcan feó swá hwæt swá ðé lícige hrýðera and sceáp emes ex eadem pecunia quidquid tibi placuerit sive ex armentis sive ex ovibus, Deut. 14, 26. Hrýðera and scép, Jos. 6, 21. Næfde hé má ðonne twentig hrýðera and twentig sceápa and twentig swýna, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 18, 14. Hrýðera gehlów the lowing of oxen, Ælfc. Gr. 1; Som. 2, 35. Hine oftorfodon mid bánum and mid hrýðera [hrýðeres, MS. F: neáta, MS. D.] heáfdum they stoned him to death with bones and heads of cattle, Chr. 1012; Erl. 146, 18. Hrýðra fald bucetum, Ælfc. Gl. 1; Som. 55, 23; Wrt. Voc. 15, 22. Of hríðerum de armento, Lev. 1, 3. Of nýtenum ðæt ys of hríðerum and of sceápum de pecoribus id est de bobus et ovibus, 2. [A. R. reoðer: Laym. ruðeren, roðere; pl: R. Glouc. roþeren: O. Frs. hrither, rither, reder: cf. O. H. Ger. hrind armentum, bos: Ger. rind.] v. eald-hríðer.

hríðeren; adj. Of cattle; bovinus :-- Genim hrýðeren flæ-acute;sc take ox-flesh, L. M. 2, 7; Lchdm. ii. 186, 18. [Cf. O. H. Ger. rinderin bovinus, bubula (caro).]

hríðer-freóls taurilia, Hpt. Gl. 515.

hríðer-heáwere, es; m. A butcher :-- Hrýðerheáwere bucida, qui boves mactat, Ælfc. Gl. 33; Som. 62, 33; Wrt. Voc. 28, 16.

hríðer-heord, e; f. A herd of cattle :-- Eówre sceáp and eówer hrýðerheorda oves tuæ et amenta tua, Gen. 45, 10.

hriðer-hirde, es; m. A neat-herd, herdsman :-- Amos hátte sum hrýðerhyrde Amos was the name of a certain herdsman, Homl. Th. i. 322, 35. [Cf. O. E. Hom. Amos het a reoðer heorde.]

hriðian; p. ode To shake, quake, have a fever: -- Sió wamb hryt the stomach is fevered, L. M. 2, 25; Lchdm. ii. 216, 20. Hie hriðiaþ they are feverish, 26; Lchdm. ii. 220, 5. Hé hriðode he was sick with a fever, Homl. Th. i. 86, 7. Hriðgende [cf. Lind. cuacende &l-bar; bifigende] febricitantem, Mt. Kmbl. 8, 14. Hriðigende, Mk. Skt. 1, 30. Hé biþ hriðende he is feverish, L. M. 2, 17; Lchdm. ii. 198, 21. [Cf. O. H. Ger. ridan febricitare.] v. hrisian.

hriðing, e; f. Fever, feverishness :-- Mid hriðingum swíðe strangum with very violent fevers, L. M. 2, 46; Lchdm. ii. 258, 2.

hrið-suht [?], e; f. Fever :-- Hál of ridesohte the fever left her, Mk. Skt. Rush. 1, 31. Perhaps the word is borrowed; cf. Icel. riðu-sótt fever, ague.

HRÓC, es; m. A ROOK, a raven, a jackdaw :-- Hróc gracculus vel garrulus, Ælfc. Gl. 38; Som. 63, 27; Wrt. Voc. 29, 47: 77, 44. Hróc gralus, grallus, 62, 31: 281, 1: garrula, Shrn. 29, 1. Se selþ nýtenum mete and briddum hróca cígendum hine qui dat jumentis escam ipsorum, et pullis corvorum invocantibus eum, Ps. Spl. 146, 10. [O. and N. rok: Prompt. Parv. rook frugella, graculus: O. Du. rouca garula: Icel. hrókr: O. H. Ger. hruoh graculus.]

hroden; pp. of hreóðan Laden, laden with ornaments, ornamented, adorned :-- Brýd beága hroden a bride adorned with rings, Exon. 12 a; Th. 18, 31; Cri. 292. Ðá wæs heal hroden feónda feorum then was the hall burdened with the lives of his foes [filled with the slain], Bec. Th. 2307; B. 1151. Hroden ealowæge the ornamented ale-cup, 995; B. 495: 2048; 1022. [Cf. Icel. hroðian in hroðit sigli.] v. beág-, ge-, gold-, sinc-hroden; on-hreóðan.

HRÓF, es; m. A ROOF, the top, summit, highest part [cf. Tennyson's 'Why should we only toil the roof and crown of things?'] :-- Góma vel hróf ðæs múþes palatum vel uranon, Ælfc. Gl. 71; Som. 70, 106; Wrt. Voc. 43, 35. Hróf camara, 290, 2. Se hróf hæfde mislíce heáhnysse the roof was not all of one height, Homl. Th. i. 508, 18. Ðæt héhste gód is hróf eallra óðra góda the chief good is the roof and crown of all other goods, Bt. 34, 7; Fox 142, 35. Wið ðæs heán hrófes ðæs héhstan andgites in summæ intelligentiæ cacumen, 41, 5; Fox 254, 16. Under fæstenne folca hrófes under the firmament, Cd. 8; Th. 10, 8; Gen. 153. Mec feredon under hrófes hleó bore me under the shelter of the sky, Exon. 107 b; Th. 409, 22; Rä. 28, 5. Martinus ástáh on ðam sticelan hrófe, Homl. Th. ii. 510, 7. Ðe ne beóþ tó ðam hrófe ðonne git cumen fulfremedra mægena nondum ad extremam manum virtutum perfectione perductas, Bt. 18, 1; Fox 60, 22. From hróf eardes a summo terræ, Mk. Skt. Lind. 13, 27. On hrófe gestód heán landes he stopped on the summit of the mount, Cd. 140; Th. 175, 20; Gen. 2898. Of hé[um] heofnes hrófe ex summa cæli arce, Rtl. 101, 24. Hé gescóp eorþan bearnum heofon tó [h]rófe qui filiis hominum cælum pro culmine tecti creavit, Bd. 4, 24; S. 597, 22. Ðenden hé on ðysse worulde wunode under wolcna hrófe, Judth. 10; Thw. 22, 19; Jud. 67: Elen. Kmbl. 178; El. 89: Cd. 158; Th. 196, 28; Exod. 298. Ðæt wé to ðam hýhstan hrófe gestígan that we may mount to heaven, Exon. 18 b; Th. 47, 3; Cri. 749. Ðe ðæs húses hróf staðeliaþ qui ædificant domum, Ps. Th. 126, 1. Gif hwylc wíf seteþ hire bearn ofer hróf si mulier aliqua infantem suam super tectum posuerit, L. Ecg. C. 33; Th. ii. 156, 45. Ofer heánne hróf, Beo. Th. 1970; B. 983: 1857; B. 926: 1677; B. 836. Under beorges hróf in the cave, 5504; B. 2755. Ðá gewát se engel up on heánne hróf heofona ríces, Cd. 196; Th. 244, 2; Dan. 442. Fiðru mid ðæ-acute;m ic fleógan mæg ofer heáne hróf heofones ðisses pennæ quæ celsa conscendant poli, Bt. Met. Fox 24, 5; Met. 24, 3: Cd. 46; Th. 58, 34; Gen. 956. Ofer wealles hróf super muros, Ps. Th. 54, 9: Exon. 108 a; Th. 412, 1; Rä. 30, 7. Hylles hróf, 104 b; Th. 397, 30; Rä. 16, 27. Helmes hróf, Beo. Th. 2064; B. 1030. Under wætera hrófas [of passing through the Red Sea], Cd. 170; Th. 214, 18; Exod. 571. Bodiaþ uppan hrófum prædicate super tecta, Mt. Kmbl. 10, 27. [Laym. róf: Orm. rhof: O. Frs. hróf: Icel. hróf a shed under which ships are built or kept.] DER. heofon-, inwit-hróf.

Hrofes-, Hrofe-ceaster, e; f. Rochester, Chr. 741; Erl. 46, 31: 885; Erl. 82, 20. Tó Hrofeceastre in civitate quam gens Anglorum a pri-