This is page 626 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 20 May 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

LEÁS - LEÁSUNG

leás; adj. I. loose, free from, destitute or void of, without :-- Hé wæs ealra fyrena leás he was free from all sins, Blickl. Homl. 135, 2: Exon. 9 b; Th. 8, 25; Cri. 123. Wer womma leás a man spotless, Cd. 188; Th. 233, 29; Dan. 283. Land leóhtes leás and líges full a land without light and full of flame, 18; Th. 21, 32; Gen. 333. Ríces leás powerless, 19; Th. 24, 4; Gen. 372. Búendra leás without inhabitants, 5; Th. 6, 16; Gen. 89. Alles leás écan dreámes void of all eternal joy, 217; Th. 276, 1; Sat. 182: Beo. Th. 1705; B. 850. Náge wé náne þearfe ðæt wé ðyses weorþan leáse ac utan dón swá ús þearf is gelæ-acute;stan hit georne we have no need to fail in this; but let us do, as there is need for us, diligently perform it, Wulfst. 38, 13. II. vain, false, lying, deceitful, deceptive, faulty :-- Leás pellax, Wrt. Voc. ii. 95, 60. Solocismus biþ sum leás word on ðam verse, Ælfc. Gr. 50; Som. 51, 51. Ðonne sægde Petrus ðæt hé wæ-acute;re leás drý then said Peter that he was a false sorcerer, Blickl. Homl. 175, 7. Hit is swíðe leás tóhopa falsus equus ad salutem, Ps. Th. 32, 15. Hwæðer hit sig ðe sóð ðe leás ðe gé secgaþ utrum vera an falsa sint, quæ dixistis, Gen. 42, 16. Se leása gewita the false witness, Deut. 19, 19. Se leása gylp vainglory, Blickl. Homl. 59, 18. Mid leásre gecýðnesse with false witness, 173, 35. Ne beó ðú on liésre gewitnysse ongén ðínne néhstan non loqueres contra proximum tuum falsum testimonium, Exod. 20, 16: Wulfst. 40, 11. Leáse múðe with lying mouth, Ps. Th. 77, 35. Sume sæ-acute;don leáse cýðnesse ágén hine quidam falsum testimonium ferebant adversus eum, Mk. Skt. 14, 57. Leáse sybbe ne sceal mon syllan feigned friendship must not be formed, Glostr. Frag. 112, 14. Ðonne cumaþ leáse Cristas and leáse wítegan surgent enim pseudo-cristi et pseudo-prophetæ, Mt. Kmbl. 24, 24. Ðás leásan spell hæc fabula, Bt. 35, 6; Fox 170, 15. Fram leásum wítegum a falsis prophetis, Mt. Kmbl. 7, 15. Wiðsacaþ ðám leásum welum renounce the deceitful riches, Blickl. Homl. 53, 23. Ða leásan godas false gods, 201, 30. Fiscere ðone leásostan a fisherman most false, 179, 14. [R. Glouc. les: Prompt. Parv. Chauc. lees: Goth. laus empty, vain: O. Sax. lós free from; false: O. Frs. lás: Icel. lauss loose, free, void: O. H. Ger. lós levis, turpis: Ger. los.]

leás es; n. Falsehood, falseness :-- Hí ongietaþ ðæt ðæt wæs leás and ídelness ðæt hí æ-acute;r heóldon they perceive that that was falsehood and vanity that they formerly held; deprehenderint falsa se vacue tenuisse, Past. 58, 1; Swt. 441, 18. Ðæt leás, Elen. Kmbl. 1157; El. 580. Gif gé ðisum leáse leng gefylgaþ if longer ye follow this falsehood, 1148; El. 576. Bútan leáse truly, Bt. 41, 1; Fox 244, 12: Bt. Met. Fox 30, 36; Met. 30, 18. [A. R. leas falsehood, 82, 16: Laym. buten lese.]

-leás a frequently occurring suffix used to form adjectives, having the force of without [v. leas I.], modern -less. It is found in the cognate dialects. v. leás.

leás-bregd, -bréd; adj. False, deceitful, cheating :-- Ðú leásbréda feónd and fácnes ordfruma, Homl. Skt. 6, 314.

leás-bregd, -bréd, es; m. Deceit, fraud, a trick, cheat, wile :-- Hé hiwode þurh drýcræft fela leásbregda he performed many tricks by magic, Wulfst. 99, 16. Swicol on dæ-acute;dum and on leásbregdum, 107, 2. Þurh his leásbregdas, 252, 19. Mid leásbregdum earmum mannum derian to harm poor men with tricks, L. I. P. 12; Th. ii. 320, 25.

leás-bregdende, -brédende; adj. Wily, deceitful :-- Hund síðon líhþ se leásbrédenda centies mentitur versipellis, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Som. 50, 31.

leás-bregdness, -brédness e; f. Deception, falsehood, Leo. 220, 22.

leás-cræft, es; m. A false art, deception :-- Hé hié getýhþ tó eallum uncystum and tó ðære lufan ðisse worlde mid his leáscræftum he draws them to all vices and to the love of this world with his false arts, Blickl. Homl. 25, 12.

leásere, es; m. I. a false person, hypocrite :-- Leáseras &l-bar; légeras falsos, Mt. Kmbl. p. 15, 8. II. one who feigns or acts, a buffoon, jester :-- Se wæs æ-acute;rest sumes káseres mima, ðæt is leásere and sang beforan him scandlícu leóþ first he was some emperor's mima, that is, jester, and sang obscene songs before him, Shrn. 121, 9. Ðá gesealde hé ða fæ-acute;mnan his leáserum, 154, 23. Ðá hét hé his leáseres hine læ-acute;dan tó ðæm wuda, 83, 18. [O. H. Ger. lósare dolosus.]

leásettan; p. te To feign, pretend :-- Leásetende ðæt hí woldon hine eft tó lífe áræ-acute;ran pretending that they would raise hint to life again, Homl. Th. ii. 474, 10.

leás-ferhpness, e; f. Inconstancy, falseness, folly :-- Hú micel leóhtmódnes and leásferþnes quanta mentis levitas, Past. 43, 5; Swt. 313, 10. v. leás-líc.

leás-fyrhte ( = (?)leás-ferhþ), false :-- Leásfyrhte is unrihtwísnys him mentita est iniquitas sibi, Ps. Spl. 26, 18.

leás-gewitness, e; f. False witness :-- Leásgewitnyssa, Homl. Th. ii. 592, 5.

leás-gilp, es; m. Vain-glory :-- Ðæt hié ne wilnigen leásgielpes ne inanem gloriam quaerant, Past. 48, 2; Swt. 367, 24.

leásian; p. ode To lie :-- Leásiaþ ðé fýnd ðíne mentientur tibi inimici tui, Ps. Spl. C. 65, 2.

leásing, es; m. A false person [cf. earming] :-- Næ-acute;fre ðú gelæ-acute;rest ðæt ic leásingum dumbum and deáfum deófolgieldum gaful onháte never shall thou persuade me to promise tribute to false creatures, to dumb and deaf idols [or is leásingum = with lies, falsely. v. leásung], Exon. 68 a; Th. 251, 23; Jul. 149.

leás-líc; adj. False, vain, frivolous :-- Wénþ ðæt hit hæbbe sum heálíc gód gestryned ... and mé þincþ ðæt hit hæbbe geboht sume swíðe leáslíce mæ-acute;rþe it supposes that it has gained some exalted good ... and methinks it has purchased a very false greatness, Bt. 24, 3; Fox 82, 24. Leáslíce cristene false christians, Wulfst. 93, 8. Leóhtlícu weorc and leáslícu levitas operis, Past. 43, 1; Swt. 309, 1. Mid leáslícum wordum hí hine beswícaþ with false words they deceive him; blandientes sermone ut decipiant eos, Nar. 37, 5. Ða leáslícan ceápas binnan ðam Godes húse geþafedon they allowed false bargains within God's house, Homl. Th. i. 406, 15.

leás-líce; adv. Falsely, deceptively :-- Leáslíce falso, Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 41, 35. Leáslíce geclypode oððe áwritene pronounced or written wrongly, 50; Som. 51, 52. Hit biþ swíðe leáslíce on siolufres hiewe [stannum] argenti speciem mentitur, Past. 37, 3; Swt. 269, 3: Bd. 2, 9; S. 511, 20 note.

leás-lícettan; p. te To dissemble, feign :-- Leáslíccettan dissimulari, Wrt. Voc. ii. 27, 38.

leás-lícettung, e; f. Dissimulation, pretence :-- Næs hé begangende leáslícetunge he did not practise dissimulation, Guthl. 2; Gdwin 12, 18.

leásmód-ness, e; f. Inconstancy, want of stability :-- Ðære leóhtmódnesse and ðære leásmódnesse sanctus Paulus hine ládode a quibus [mentis levitas, cogitationum inconstantia] se alienum Paulus fuisse perhibuit, Past. 42, 3; Swt. 308, 6.

leás-ness, e; f. Levity, fickleness; falseness, lying :-- Þurh leásnesse per mendacium, Confess. Peccat. Ðæt ic swá wæ-acute;re álýsed fram ðære scylde ðære swýðe ídlan leásnesse ut sic absolvar reatu supervacuæ levitatis, Bd. 4, 19; S. 589, 30.

leás-ólecung, e; f. Flattery, cajolery :-- Leásólecung lenocinia, Wrt. Voc. ii. 49, 68.

leás-sagol; adj. Saying what is false, mendacious :-- Se ðe wæ-acute;re leássagol weorðe se sóðsagol he that told lies, let him tell the truth, Wulfst. 72, 16.

leás-spanung, e; f. Seduction, allurement, enticement :-- Leássponunge nec lenonum [lenocinium?], Wrt. Voc. ii. 59, 71.

leás-spell, es; n. A false story, fiction, fable :-- Leásspel figmenta, Wrt. Voc. ii. 34, 43. Be swylcum menn leásspell secgaþ de qualibus fabulæ ferunt, Bd. 4, 22; S. 591, 26.

leás-spellung, e; f. Idle, vain, or false talking :-- Leásspellunga fabulationum, Bd. 4, 25; S. 601, 14. Leásspellunga nenias, Wrt. Voc. ii. 59, 74. Sóna swá hit forlæ-acute;t sóðcwidas swá folgaþ hit leásspellunga ut quoties abjecerint veras, falsis opinionibus induantur, Bt. 5, 3; Fox 14, 16.

leást. v. læ-acute;st.

-leást, -liést, -lést, -lýst a termination of nouns formed from adjectives in -leás.

leás-tyhtan; p. te To wheedle, flatter :-- Leástyhtendum lenocinantibus, Wrt. Voc. ii. 50, 15.

leás-tyhtung, e; f. Wheedling, flattery, cajolery :-- Leástihtinge lenocinia, Wrt. Voc. ii. 49, 68.

leásung, e; f. Leasing, lying, vain or frivolous speech, fiction, false witness, falsehood, falseness, hypocrisy, deception, deceitfulness, artice :-- Leásung vel faam famfaluca (Ital. fanfaluca, a whim, trifle, and see Ducange, s. v.), Ep. Gl. 9 d, 12. Leásung ðissa woruldwelena fallacia divitiarum, Mt. Kmbl. 13, 22. Leásung falsitas, Rtl. 37, 31. Heóra leásung wæs gecyrred tó heom sylfum mentita est iniquitas sibi, Ps. Th. 26, 14. Ðæs forwyrd and leásung and forleornung swíðe raþe cymþ tó him ðe hé hine sylfne déþ tó ðon ðe hé nis for this reason destruction and lying and error come quickly to him, that he makes himself out what he is not, Blickl. Homl. 183, 34. Sóðfæstnysse feóung and seó lufu líges and leásunge odium veritatis amorque mendacii, Bd. 1, 14; S. 482, 24. Nebulonis heowunga; fallacis scúan &l-bar; leásunge, Hpt. Gl. 459, 14. Hé næ-acute;fre nóht leásunga ne ídeles leóþes wyrcean ne mihte nihil unquam frivoli et supervacui poematis facere potuit, 4, 24; S. 596, 52. Fulle mið leásunge pleni hypocrisi, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 23, 28. Ne beó ðú leás gewita. Ðis bebod wiðcweþ leásunge 'Thou shall not be a false witness.' This commandment forbids leasing-making [cf. Scott. 'leasing-making the crime of uttering falsehood against the king to the people or vice versa], Homl. Th. ii. 208, 27. Ða Judéiscan noldon gehýran Cristes sóðfæstnysse, forðan ðe hí wæ-acute;ron áfyllede mid heora fæder leásunge, 226, 24. Ðonne glád ðæt deófol út mid his leásunge swá swá smýc æt his eágdura then the devil by his artifice stepped out at his eye in the form of smoke, Shrn. 52, 33. Wrec ðé gemetlíce ðy læs ðe men [man?] leásunga teó ðæt ðú ðíne cysts cýðe revenge thyself in moderation, lest the charge be falsely made, that thou display thy virtues, Prov. Kmbl. 46. Leásunga frivola, Wrt. Voc. ii. 34, 55. Leásunga factiones, Hpt. Gl. 472, 3. Leásunga lenonum, 500, 55. On leásungum in mendaciis, Coll. Monast. Th. 32, 29. Se hlísa ðe hé æ-acute;r mid leásungum wilnode the reputation (of philosopher) that he had before desired under false pretences, Bt. 18, 4; Fox 68, 5. Nelle wé eác mid leásungum þyllíc líccetan, Homl. Skt. pref. 49. Leásingum beswicen ðæt hé wéneþ furþon ðæt hé man ne sý [so] deceived by false notions that he thinks even that he is not man, Blickl. Homl. 179, 5: Elen. Kmbl. 2243; El. 1123. For ðínum leásungum on account of thy falsehoods, Cd. 214; Th. 268, 28; Sat. 62. Ðú fordést ða ðe symle leásinga specaþ thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing [A.V.], Ps. Th. 5, 5. Onscúna ðú á leásunga, L. Ælf. 44; Th. i. 54, 14: Homl. Th. ii. 482, 25. Fácen and leásunga from úrum heortum ádoon to remove deceit and falseness from our hearts, Blickl. Homl. 95, 27. Þurh áðbrycas and þurh weddbrycas and þurh mistlíce leásunga, Swt. A. S. Rdr. l09, 151. Búton ðú forlæ-acute;te ða leásinga, weohweorðinga, Exon. 68 a; Th. 253, 13; Jul. 179: Elen. Kmbl. 1375; El. 689. Ðyllíce leásunga hí worhton and míhton eáþe secgan sóþsped gif him ða leásunga næ-acute;ron swétran, Bt. 35, 4; Fox 162, 14: 38, 1; Fox 196, 8. [Prompt. Parv. leesynge mendacium; lesynge nuga: Icel. lausung lying, falsehood.]