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SÚÞ-WEST - SWÁ

súþ-west; adv. South-west :-- Án ðæra gárena líþ súðwest (in africum), Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 24, 3.

súþ-westerne; adj. South-western :-- Se súðwesterna wind him ongeán stód, Apol. Th. 11, 3.

súþ-wind, es; m. A south wind, Cd. Th. 196, 10; Exod. 289.

suto, -sutod, sutol, sutung, suwian. v. slítan, sulian, sweotol, slíting, swigian.

swá, swæ-acute;, swé (swé is the form in Ps. Surt. ; see also Txts. 600, col. 1. The form also occurs in Blickl. Homl. 23, 7). I. rel. pron. As, that :-- Forgylde ðæt ángylde and ðæt wíte swá tó ðam ángylde belimpan wille, L. Alf. pol. 6; Th. i. 66, 3. Ðon gelíc swá læ-acute;cas cunnon such as doctors know, Lchdm. ii. 192, 23. Brúcan swylcra yrmþa swá ðú unc æ-acute;r scrife, Exon. Th. 373, 2; Seel. 102 : Homl. Th. ii. 162, 18. Yrfan hí swá hí wyrðe witan let such inherit as they know to be entitled, Chart. Th. 578, 9. Ne wíte hé ús swá neóde and hæ-acute;se gehýrsumodon, Guthl. prol. ; Gdwin. 4, 5. Ealne ðisne ymbhwyrft ðises middangeardes swá swá Oceanus útan ymbligeþ, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 8, 2. I a. in combination with the hw- pronominal forms, so, as in whosoever, etc. :-- Tó syllenne swá hwæt swá (suæ-acute; huæt quodcumque, Lind.) heó hyne bæ-acute;de, Mt. Kmbl. 14, 7. Swá hwylc swá (suá huá, Lind. : swá hwá swá, Rush.) sylþ ánne drinc, 10, 41. Fram swá hwylcere untrymnesse swá hé on wæs, Jn. Skt. 5, 4. Swá hwylc man swá mildheortnesse nafaþ, Blickl. Homl. 13, 22. Swá hweðer swá hé wylle, L. Eth. i. 1; Th. i. 280, 16. Ðæt git tie læ-acute;stan welhwilc æ-acute;rende swá hé sendeþ, Cd. Th. 35, 15; Gen. 555. Folcrihta gehwylc swá his fæder áhte, Beo. Th. 5210; B. 2608 : Elen. Kmbl. 1287; El. 645. Swá hú swá hé mæ-acute;ge howsoever he can, L. P. M. 2; Th. ii. 286, 25. Swá hwæder (hwyder, MS. A.) swá (suá huider, Lind. : hwider swá, Rush.) ðú færst quocunque ieris, Mt. Kmbl. 8, 19 : Lk. 9, 57 : Blickl. Homl. 233, 33. See other instances under the pronominal forms. II. demonst. pron. :-- Æt men fífténe peningas, and æt horse healf swá, L. Ff. ; Th. i. 224, 26. III. representing an adjective, generally one used with a verb of incomplete predication, so, the same, such - Hé gemétte æ-acute;nne blindne mann, se wæs geboren swá, Homl. Skt. ii. 29, 52 : Cd. Th. 44, 33; Gen. 7, 8. Bebycggen ðone oxan and hæbben him ðæt weorð gemæ-acute;ne, and eác ðæt flæ-acute;sc swá (i. e. in common), L. Alf. 23; Th. i. 50, 11. Ðæt hé wæ-acute;re heora munuc æt fruman and hí woldon hine habban swá deádne that he had been their monk at first, and they would have him so (their monk) when dead, Homl. Th. ii. 518, 23. Cild ðiónde on eallum cræftum on cnihtháde and swá forþ eallne giógoþhád (going on thriving all its youth), Bt. 38, 5; Fox 206, 24. Gé wiþerwearde wæ-acute;ron úrum gewunan and ealre Godes cyricean swá (i. e. wiþerwearde), Bd. 2, 2; S. 503, 19. III a. swá swá such as :-- Onlegena strengran swá swá is áróm stronger applications such as is copperas, Lchdm. ii. 192, 22. IV. adv. (1) defined by that which precedes (a) of manner or condition (α) so, in this or that way, thus :-- 'Beón gegaderode ða wæteru' . . . Hit wæs ðá swá gedón, Gen. 1, 9, 15. Nis hit ná swá it is not so (as you have said), 18, 15. Hit ne mæg ná swá beón, Ex. 10, 11. Ðeáh hí his næ-acute;fre ne geléfan, ðeáh it is swá, Bt. 36, 6; Fox 182, 17. Hé árás áblendum eágum, and his geféran hine swá (in the manner mentioned) blindne tó ðære byrig gelæ-acute;ddon, Homl. Th. i. 386, 14 : 432, 11 : L. In. 21; Th. i. 116, 3. Hé hine dyde óðrum monnum suá (swæ-acute;, Cott. MSS.) ungelícne, Past. 17; Swt. 113, 14. (β) so, in the same way, in like manner :-- And swá ford (cf. Germ. und so weiter) and so on, et caetera, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Zup. 114, 5, and often. Se ealdor dyde hand swá gelíce similiter fecit, Th. An. 74, 4. See eal-swá. (b) of degree or extent, (α) where a high degree is implied, so (exceedingly) :-- Ne gemétte ic swá mycelne geleáfan, Mt. Kmbl. 8, 10. Nán fullere ne mæg swá hwíte gedón, Mk. Skt. 9, 3. For hwon sæ-acute;dest ðú swá gémeleáslíce and swá wlætlíce ða ðing, Bd. 5, 9; S. 623, 9. Ðá ðú swá lustlíce gehérdest míne láre, Bt. 22, 1; Fox 76, 23 : 35, 3; Fox 158, 7. Ðonne hí heora gód on swá manige dæ-acute;las tódæ-acute;laþ, 33, 2; Fox 122, 25. (β) where the degree is definitely marked :-- Se consul fór mid þrím hunde scipa . . . him cómon ongeán Punice mid swá fela scipa (cum pari classe), Ors. 4, 6 ; Swt. 176, 11. Se twelf síþum hine bibaþaþ . . . and swá oft of wyllgespryngum beorgeþ, Exon. Th. 205, 6; Ph. 108. Syx swá micel to the same extent much six times, six times as much, L. M. L. ; Th. i. 190, 3. (c) of cause (v. V. 6), so, therefore, on that account :-- Hé him ðet land forbeád .. and hé hit swá álét he forbade him the land . . . and so he gave it up, Chart. Th. 202, 12. (2) defined by that which follows, (a) of manner, so, in such a manner that :-- Far mid him swá ðæt ðú dó ðæt ic ðé bebeóde vade cum eis, ita duntaxat, ut, quod tibi praecepero, facias, Num. 22, 20. Æ-acute;lc wíf sceolde gebídan swá ðæt heó ne cóme intó Godes temple, Homl. Th. i. 134, 16. Crist is Godes Sunu swá ðæt (in such sort that) se Fæder hine gestrýnde of him sylfum, 258, 26. Swá beclýsed ðæt næ-acute;nig óþer hý onlúceþ, Exon. Th. 20, 26; Cri. 323. Wearþ ðæt geat belocen swá ðæt ða stánas feóllon tógædere, H. R. 103, 7. Gif eów swá líce þuhte utan gangan on ðissum carcerne, Blickl. Homl. 247, 1. Swá ðon gelícost ðe tóbrocen fæt, Lchdm. ii. 230, 25. Se mon biþ, ðæs ðe swá tó cweþanne sí, æ-acute;ghwæðer ge gehæfted ge freó, Bd. 1, 27; S. 497, 40. (b) of degree :-- Swá ealde swá hié ðá wæ-acute;ron hié gefuhton as old as they then were, they fought, Ors. 3, 11; Swt. 152, 16. Nys hyt swá stearc winter, ðæt ic durre lutian æt hám, Coll. Monast. Th. 19, 17. Swæ-acute; opene scylde ðæt hé his bróðor ofslóge, Past. 34; Swt. 234, 2. Ðín mægen is swá mæ-acute;re, swá ðæt æ-acute;nig ne wát ða deópnesse Drihtnes mihta, Hy. 3, 31 : Ors. 4, 10; Swt. 198, 15. Swá fullíce ðiónde . . . óþ ðe hé wyrþ æ-acute;lces cræftes medeme, Bt. 38, 5; Fox 206, 22. Ða habbaþ beardas swá síde óð heora breóst, Nar. 38, 1. Súp swá ðú hátost mæ-acute;ge, Lchdm. ii. 50, 25. (3) used indefinitely, so and so :-- Ðeáh ðú nyte for hwí hé swá and swá dó though thou know not why he act in this or that manner, Bt. 39, 2; Fox 214, 13. (4) used emphatically, so, exceedingly, as much as possible :-- Ongan hé hine baðian swá swátigne (when perspiring profusely), Ors. 3, 9; Swt. 124, 30 : Jud. Thw. 22, 19; Jud. 67. Ðú meaht swá wíde geseón, Cd. Th. 36, 1; Gen. 565 : 27, 30; Gen. 425. Sió onlícnes sendde mycel wæter swá sealt (exceedingly salt), Blickl. Homl. 245, 25. Genim ðás wyrte swá mearwe (as tender as possible), Lchdm. i. 192, 8 : 194, 2. Wel on swá hátum, ii. 50, 15. (5) with comparatives, the, (1) singly :-- Oft wé mágon beón suá (swæ-acute;, Cott. MSS.) nyttran æt him gif wé hié myndgiaþ hira gódna weorca plerumque utilius apud illos proficimus, si eorum bene gesta memoramus, Past. 32, 2; Swt. 211, 20. Beþe ða eágan, betere swá oftor the oftener the better, Lchdm. ii. 34, 16. Leng swá swíðor, Cd. Th. 60, 30; Gen. 985 : Beo. Th. 3712; B. 1854. (2) correlatives the . . . the :-- Swá norðor swá smælre the further north one goes, the narrower the land becomes, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 18, 29. Swá betere swá fæ-acute;tran and ferscran, Lchdm. ii. 196, 22. Swá háttra sumor, swá mára ðunor and líget, iii. 280, 9. Efne swá hé ús mæ-acute;rlícor gifeþ, swá wé him mæ-acute;rlícor þancian scylon; swá þrymlícre ár, swá máre eádmódnes, Wulfst. 261, 19-21. Swá swá leng swá bet, Bt. 35, 3; Fox 160, 8. Swá swá hé lengra biþ, swá hí bióþ ungesæ-acute;ligran, 38, 4; Fox 204, 15. Swá mycele swá ðú hér on worulde swýþor swincst swá ðú eft bist on écnysse fæstlícor getrymed; and swá myccle swá ðú on ðisum andweardan lífe má earfoða drígast, swá myccle ðú eft on tóweardnesse geféhst, Guthl. 5; Gdwin. 32, 10-14. (2 a) with a comparative and a positive :-- Ðæt hé suá micle wærlícor hine healde wið scylda swá hé gere witan mæg ðæt hé nó ána forwierð, Past. 28; Swt. 191, 10. V. adverbial conjunction, (1) with indic. (a) with a clause of comparison, as :-- Ne biþ hé eall swá hé æ-acute;r wæs, Bt. 14, 9; Fox 148, 8. Beóþ mildheorte, swá eówer fæder is mildheort, Lk. Skt. 6, 36. Hé gedreósan sceal, swá ðeós eorðe eall, Exon. Th. 124, 27 : Elen. Kmbl. 1761; El. 882. Hí mé ymbsealdon samod anlíce swá beón, Ps. Th. 117, 12. Héht onlíce, swá hé ðæt beácen geseah, tácen gewyrcan, Elen. Kmbl. 200; El. 100. (1 a) swá swá :-- Eall ðæt ðe leofaþ beóþ eów tó mete, swá swá grówende wyrta ic betæ-acute;hte ealle eów, Gen. 9, 3. Gewurðe ðín willa on eorðan, swá swá on heofenum, Mt. Kmbl. 6, 10. Dón swá swá hý git dóþ, Bt. 16, 1; Fox 50, 2. (2) with indic. or subjunct. expressing an actual or possible result, so that :-- Se consul fór tó Tarentan, swá Hannibal nyste, and ða burg ábræc, swá ða nyston ðe ðæ-acute;rinne wæ-acute;ron, Ors. 4, 10; Swt. 198, 7-9 : 4, 11; Swt. 206, 3. Gif hwá stalle, swá his wíf nyte, L. In. 7; Th. i. 106, 15. Wesan swá him yldo tie derede, Cd. Th. 30, 22; Gen. 471 : 256, 12; Dan. 639. Bær hine seó brimwylf, swá hé ne mihte wæ-acute;pna gewealdan, Beo. Th. 3020; B. 1508. Se má eallum Angelcyningum Brytta deóde fornom, swá efne ðæs ðe hé mihte wiþmeten beón Saule, Bd. 1, 34; S. 499, 20. (3) with subjunctive, as (if) :-- Iosue fleáh, swá hé áfyrht wæ-acute;re, Jos. 8, 15. Ðú hí betweónum wæters weallas læ-acute;ddest, swá hí wæ-acute;ron on drígum, Ps. Th. 105, 9. Cweðan swá hé tó ánum sprece, Exon. Th. 84, 23; Cri. 1378. Nú is ðon gelícost swá wé ceólum líðan, 53, 16; Cri. 851. (4) with optative, so :-- Swá ðyós dæ-acute;d for monnum mæ-acute;re gewurþe, Lchdm. iii. 60, 14. Ic ðæt geswerige þurh sóþ godu, swá ic áre æt him æ-acute;fre finde, Exon. Th. 247, 19; Jul. 81 : Beo. Th. 875; B. 435. (5) with a conditional force, provided that, if so be that, so (as in Shakspere : So it be new, there's no respect how vile; v. Abbott, Shak. Gram. § 133) :-- Nim, swá hit ðé ne mislícyge, Ap. Th. 20, 12. Hé him ðet land forbeád, swá hé æ-acute;niges brúcan wolde, Chart. Th. 202, 10. (6) marking a consequence, so, therefore, on that account :-- Ic mæg ræ-acute;dan on his ríce; swá mé ðæt riht ne þinceþ . . . , Cd. Th. 19, 11; Gen. 289 : 24, 22; Gen. 381 : Andr. Kmbl. 2657; An. 1330. (7) local, where :-- On eallum Norþan-hymbrum ge eác on Pehtum swá Óswíes ríce wæs ðæs cyninges quousque rex Osuin imperium protendere poterat, Bd. 4, 3; S. 566, 30. Geseh hé bearwas standan, swá hé æ-acute;r his blód ágeát, Andr. Kmbl. 2897; An. 1451 : 3163; An. 1584. (8) temporal, as, when :-- Swá heó sæ-acute; geseah, hé hió snióme fleáh, Ps. Th. 113, 3. Ic wát God ábolgen wyrð, swá ic him ðisne bodscipe secge, Cd. Th. 35, 10; Gen. 552. (9) marking the grounds of action, as, since :-- Wé ðé lofiaþ, swá ðú hæ-acute;lend eart, Hy. 7, 116. (10) although, yet :-- Swá hé þurh feóndscipe tó cwale monige démde, swá þeáh him Dryhten eft miltse gefremede, Elen. Kmbl. 994; El. 498 : Cd. Th. 25, 10; Gen. 391. (11) in contracted clauses, as, as (being) :-- Hwone hé læ-acute;ran scyle suá earmne, and hwane suá eádigne, Past. 26; Swt. 183, 9. Heora hláford weorðodon swá swá wuldres cyning (cf. hiora cyningas hí weorþodon for Godas, Bt. 38, 1; Fox 194, 16), Met. 26, 45. VI. swá . . . swá, (1) - where swá occurs once with a demonstrative, once with a relative force, so . . . as, so . . . that, as . . . as :-- Swá forð swá uncre wordgecwydu fyrmest wæ-acute;ron as far as ever our agreements went, L. O. 11; Th. i. 182, 11. Swá gelíc swá ðú æt swæ-acute;sendum sitte, Bd. 2, 13; S. 556, 15. Suá suíðe suá hé of ðære æ-acute;we ne cerre so as he turn not from the law, Past. 23; Swt. 175, 4. Búton hé suá monige gecierre suá hé mæ-acute;sð mæ-acute;ge, 28; Swt. 191, 9. Hafa on múþe swá hát swá ðú hátost mæ-acute;ge, Lchdm. ii. 50, 15. Swá forð swá ða óðre, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Zup. 114, 3. Ða unrótnessa swá ilce ofergáþ, swá ðú cwist ðæt ða blissa æ-acute;r dydon, Bt. 8; Fox 24, 33. Swá wíde swá wegas tólæ-acute;gon, Andr. Kmbl. 2469; An. 1236. Hé hine wolde swá weligne gedón swá hé his sunu wæ-acute;re, Shrn. 84, 14. Sóna swá seó sunne sealte streámas oferhlifaþ, swá se fugel gewíteþ, Exon. Th. 206, 1-6; Ph. 120. (1 a) swá swá :-- Ðó rysle tó swá swá sýn twá pund add lard so as there may be two pounds, Lchdm. ii. 74, 1 : 250, 26. (2) correlative, (a) either . . . or, as well . . . as :-- Onfón swá écum lífe swá écum deáðe swá ðú æ-acute;r geworhtest swá écum lífe swá ungeendodon wíte accipere sive vitam aeternam, sine mortem aeternam, prout antea fecisti; sive vitam aeternam, sive infinitum supplicium, L. Ecg. P. iv. 65; Th. ii. 226, 13. Ðæt heó gecure óðer ðæra, swá heó forférde, swá heó ðám godum geoffrode, Homl. Skt. i. 8, 63 : 11, 33. Nim swá wuda swá wyrt swá hweðer swá ðú wille, Bt. 34, 10; Fox 148, 25 : Wulfst. 108, 10. Smire mid ðære sealfe swá niht swá twá swá þearf sié smear with the salve one night or two, as need be, Lchdm. ii. 128, 1. Sié ðæt on cyninges dóme swá deáð swá líf swá hé him forgifan wille be it in the judgement of the king, as well death as life, as he will grant him, L. Alf. pol. 7; Th. i. 66, 10. Hit biþ gewrecen swá æ-acute;r, swá lator, Homl. Ass. 62, 253. Gilde swá wer, swá wíte, swá lahslite, aa be ðam ðe seó dæ-acute;d sý, L. Eth. v. 31; Th. i. 312, 10. Ðonne mót hé swá rídan, swá rówan, swá swilce færelde faran swylce tó his wege gebyrige, L. E. I. 24; Th. ii. 420, 24. (b) whether . . . or :-- Saga him, swá hé wille swá hé nelle, hé sceal cuman, Bd. 5, 9; S. 623, 11. Wé be him náþor nyton, swá hí libban, swá hí deáde licgon, Homl. Skt. i. 23, 306. God lét hí habban ágenne cyre, swá hí heora Scyppend lufedon, swá hí hine forléton, Homf. Th. i. 10, 19 : 18, 30. Syle etan æ-acute;r ðære tíde his tócymes, swá on dæge swá on nihte, swæþer hyt sý, Lchdm. i. 364,16. On swelce healfe swelce hié winnende beón woldan, swá súþ, swá norþ, swá eást, swá west, Ors. 3, 5; Swt. 106, 13. (c) swá hwæðer swá . . . swá whether . . . or :-- Sete man ofer ðæne þriddan dæg, swá hwæðer swá heó beó fúl swá clæ-acute;ne, L. Ath. iv. 7; Th. i 226, 31. (2 a) with the first swá omitted, or :-- Dém ðú hí tó deáþe, swá tó lífe læ-acute;t, Exon. Th. 247, 33; Jul. 88. VII. in combination with the particles git, same, þeáh, þeána, see those words. [Goth. swé, swa : O. Frs. sá : O. Sax. O. H. Ger. só : Icel. svá (later svó) : Dan. saa : Swed. så.] v. eal-swá.