This is page 1026 of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth and Toller (1898)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 19 Aug 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

1026 TWI-FYRCLEDE -- TWÍNEN.

forked :-- Twyfyrede (twyfyþerede, MS. C.: twifeðerede, MS. V.) bisulcus Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 11.

twi-fyrclede; adj. Having two prongs, forked :-- Twyferclede bifidus, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 10 note. [Cf. Wæs gesæwen swilce se beám (the tail of a comet) ongeánweardes wið ðes steorran ward fyrcliende wæ-acute;re as if the tail were dividing in two, getting forked (?), Chr. 1106; Erl. 240, 34. Lat. furculus a fork with two or three prongs.]

Twi-fyrd, -ford Twyford, a place-name occurring more than once in England and meaning double ford :-- On ðære stówe ðe is cweden Æt Twyfyrde in loco qui dicitur Ad Twifyrde, quod significat, ad duplex vadum, Bd. 4, 28; S. 606, 5. Æt Twyfyrde, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. i. 114, 33. Tó Twyfyrde, iii. 203, 22. Of Twufyrde . . . æft on Twyfyrde, v. 147, 28-148, 22. On Twyfyrd; of Twyfyrde, iii. 444, 7. ¶ In Latin charters :-- His nuncupantur uocabulis, Twyfyrde . . . , 153, 24. Apud Twyfird, v. 130, 31. The form Twyford also occurs :-- Of Twyforde andlang Auene ðære eá swá ðæt mynstre stondeþ ofer Alne streám, vi. 220, 5. Cf. Circum fluuium Alne in loco qui dicitur Aet Tuiford, i. 29, 6. In loco qui Tuiforda appellatur, 74, 31.

twi-fyrede; adj. Two-furrowed; the word renders the Latin bisulcus, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 11. [Cf. O.H. Ger. zwi-furhi, -furhig bisulcu s.] v. furh.

twig, twí, es; n. A branch, twig :-- Twig ramus, Wrt. Voc. i. 285, 80: palmes, Jn. Skt. 15, 6. Hys twig (twi later MS.) byþ hnesce, Mt. Kmbl. 24, 32. His twí (twig, MS. A.: twi later MS.) biþ mearu. Mk. Skt. 13, 28. Ic eom swá ðæt twig, ðæt biþ ácorfen of ðam treówe. Homl. Skt. ii. 30, 191. Hé déþ æ-acute;lc twig áweg, Jn. Skt. 15, 2. Of ðam twige (Abel's murder) ludon réðe wæstme. Cd. Th. 60, 28; Gen. 988. Heó brohte án twig (ramum) of ánum elebeáme. Gen. 8, 11: Cd. Th. 88, 30; Gen. 1473. Gé synt twigu (palmites), Jn. Skt. 15, 5. Him ða twigu þincaþ merge. Met. 13, 44. Twigu arbusta (twigges. Ps.), Ps. Spl. 79, 11: Blickl. Gl. *ETH;onne ða twigo forburston, ðonne gewitan ða sáula niðer, ða ðe on ðæ-acute;m twigum hangodan, Blickl. Homl. 211, 3. Tán &l-bar; twiga vimina, virgulas, Hpt. Gl. 428, 34. Twiga asserum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 10, 10. Eft spryttendum ðám twigum (virgultis) ðæs Pelagianiscan wóles, Bd. 1, 21; S. 485, 5. Swilce se wudubeám oferfæðmde ealne middangeard twigum and telgum. Cd. Th. 247, 28; Dan. 504: 248, 18; Dan. 515. Sume twigu hé lehte mid wætere, Past. 40; Swt. 293, 7. Hí námon palmtrýwa twigu (ramos palmarum), Jn. Skt. 12, 13. Genim wiþowindan twigu, Lchdm. ii. 34, 17. Sume seóþaþ ðære reádan netlan twigu, 218, 6. Twigo settende propagines pastinans, Wrt. Voc. ii. 78, 63. [Heo nomen þa twigga, O.E. Homl. i. 5, 2. He suingcð him mið smele twige, 149, 1. Þe uerþe tuyg. Ayenb. 22, 5. Twygge virgula, ramusculus, Prompt. Parv. 505: vimen, Wülck. Gl. 619, 27. O.H. Ger. zwíg, zwí: Ger. zweig.] v. ele-, ifig-, palm-, wín-twig; twigu, -twige.

twig-, twiga. v. twi-, twiwa.

twi-gæ-acute;rede; adj. Cloven :-- Twygæ-acute;rede bifidus, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 288, 10. Cf. Bufan ðam hlince æt ðæs gæ-acute;redan (pointed, angular) landes ende, Cod. Dip. B. iii. 251, 42. v. gár, gára.

twige, twigea. v. twiwa.

-twige. v. líne-, þistel-twige.

twi-gedeágod; adj. Double-dyed :-- Twigedeágodre deáge bis tincto cocco, Hpt. Gl 431, 29.

twi-gilde (?), es; n. A double payment :-- Hé ágife twygilde (or adverb(?) v. passages under twigilde; adv., where, however, the word might be taken as a case of the noun; cf. án-gilde which is a noun), L. Eth. iii. 4; Th. i. 294, 20. [O. Frs. twi-ielde, v. Richthofen s.v. ield, and Grmm. R. A. 653.] v. next word.

twi-gilde; adj. To be paid double :-- Cyricfrið ii-gylde, m[ynster]frið ii-gylde, L. Ethb. 1; Th. i. 2, 6. ii-gelde seó mund sý, 76; Th. i. 20, 13. [Icel. tví-gildr of double value.] v. next word.

twigilde; adv. With a double payment :-- Gif ðeós lád teorie, gylde twygylde (cf. gylde ángyldes, 1. 15), L.O.D. 6; Th. i. 354, 31. Gif þeów steleþ, ii-gelde gebéte, L. Ethb. 90; Th. i. 24, 17. Béte hé ðam teónde twygylde, and ðam hláforde his were, L. Eth. i. 1; Th. i. 280, 20. Béte hé ðam teónde twygylde, and ðam hláforde his wer, L.C.S. 30; Th. i. 394, 6. Sió bót biþ twysceatte (twyggylde, MS. B.) máre the bót shall be twice as much, L. Alf. pol. 66; Th. i. 96, 31. v. two preceding words.

twigu (?), an; f.; the forms in the Northern specimens may also be taken as weak, tuigge, pl. tuiggo A branch, twig :-- Steola cauliculus, twigu ramunculus. Wrt. Voc. ii. 129, 84. Twigge &l-bar; telge (telgra, Rush.) ramus, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 24, 32: Mk. Skt. Lind. 13, 28. Ðe tuigga palmes, Jn. Skt. Lind. 15, 6. Ða tuiggo (twigan late southern MS.) palmites, 15, 5. Telgo míno and twiggo ramos meos, el rami, Rtl. 68, 32. Twigena ordum, Salm. Kmbl. 286; Sal. 142. In tyggum his in ramis ejus, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 13, 32. Tuiggo ramos, 21, 8. Telgo &l-bar; twiggo, Mk. Skt. Lind. 4, 32: 11, 8. v. twig.

-twih (-twíh ?). v. be-twih. [Cf. Goth. tweihnai.]

twi-heáfdode; adj. Double-headed :-- Twyheáfdede anceps, biceps, Ælfc. Gr. 9, 55; Zup. 67, 9, 10. Twyheáfdede oððe se ðe hæfþ twégen líchaman bicorpor, 9, 21; Zup. 47, 17. [O.H. Ger. zwi-haupito biceps: Icel. tví-höfðaðr.]

twi-heolor, e; f. A balance :-- Tuiheolore bilance, Wrt. Voc. ii. 102, 3. Twiwæ-acute;ge vel (twi)heolore, 126, 20.

twi-híwe; adj. I. of two forms or shapes :-- Twihiówe, swá swá biþ healf mon and healf fear biformis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 12, 31. Twihíwe biformia, 126, 12. II. of two colours :-- Twihíwe bicolor, Wrt. Voc. i. 46, 34. Twihíwe godweb coccum bis tinctum, ii. 135, 44. Twi-férum vel (twi)híwum bilustris, 126, 22. v. next word.

twi-híwede; adj. I. double-shaped, having two forms :-- Twyhíwede biformis, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 287, 9. II. double-coloured :-- Twyhíwedum wurman bis tincto cocco, Hpt. Gl. 431, 30.

twi-híwian; p. ode To assume two shapes, to dissimulate :-- Oððe hé nát oððe hé twyhíwaþ aut ignorat, aut dissimulat, Scint. 44, 8.

twi-hlidede; adj. Double-lidded, having two openings :-- Twyhlydede bipatens, Ælfc. Gr. 49 ; Zup. 288, 6.

-twihn (-twíhn?) in hi-twichn, Txts. 70, 546, bi-tuihn, 77, 1310.

twi-hweóle; adj. Two-wheeled :-- Twihweólne birotum. Lchdm. i. lxii, 2.

twi-hwirft, es; m. A double course, double period :-- Twyhwyrftum (printed -hwyrhturn) bilustris, Hpt. Gl. 465, 40.

twi-hycgan (?) to think differently, dissent, disagree :-- Twy iccende (= twyhycgende ?) dissentiendo, Anglia xiii. 367, 34.

twi-hynde; adj. As applied to a person, of a rank for which the wergild was two hundred shillings; applied to the wergild, that must be paid for a person of such rank. As will be seen from the passages given below, the twihynde man was a ceorl :-- Twelfhyndes mannes wer is twelf hund scyllinga. Twyhyndes mannes wer is twá hund sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. (the article then deals with the case of the former, and concludes: Eal man sceal æt cyrliscum were be ðære mæ-acute;ðe dón, ðe him tó gebyreþ, swá wé be twelfhyndum tealdan. Cf. too: Ceorles wergild is. . . ii hund sci&l-bar;&l-bar;. be Myrcna lage, L. Wg. 6; Th. i. 186, 11), L.E.G. 12; Th. i. 174, 14. Æ-acute;nig mæ-acute;gð . . . xii-hynde oððe twyhynde, L. Ath. v. 8, 2; Th. i. 236, 11. Be twyhyndum were. Æt twyhyndum were mon sceal sellan tó monbóte .xxx. sci&l-bar;&l-bar;., L. In. 70; Th. i. 146, 12. Be twyhyndum men . . . Gif mon twyhyndne mon . . . ofsleá, L. Alf. pol. 29; Th. i. 80, 5-7. Cnut cing grét . . . ealle míne þegnas, twelfhynde and twihynde, Chart. Th. 308, 16. v. six-, twelf-hynde.

twi-icce. v. twi-ecge.

twi-læpped; adj. Having two skirts or lappets :-- Twilæpped scrúd cinctus gabinus, Wrt. Voc. i. 41, 5.

twi-lafte; adj. Two-edged :-- Twilafte æx bipennis securis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 126, 27. Cf.(?) læppa or læfer.

twi-líc, twi-lí (-li?); adj. Double, woven of double thread. Cf. twill coarse linen cloth :-- Tuilí biplex, duplex, Txts. 109, 1151. Aenlí simplex, tilí bilex, 115, 156, 157. [O.H. Ger. zui-líh bilex (tunica), bissina (tunica), biplex (pannus): Ger. zwillich ticking.] Cf. þri-líc, and see twilíc-brocen.

twí-líc, -líce, -mann. v. tweó-líc, -líce, -mann.

twilíc-brocen; adj. Woven of double thread and parti-coloured (?) or embroidered (?) :-- Hió becwið hyre twilíbrocenan cyrtel, Chart. Th. 537, 23. [Cf. (?) Swed. brokig: Dan. broget parti-coloured. Jamieson gives brocked, broukit, broked variegated, having a mixture of black and white. Cf. (?) Celtic forms Welsh brech brindled: Irish breacan a plaid, tartan; breacaim I chequer, embroider.]

twin; adj. Twin, double :-- Twinnum sangum geminis concentibus, Hpt. Gl. 467, 31. [An had off twinne (double) kinde, Orm. 1361. He spacc off hise twinne kindess (two, twin, natures,) 17478. On ilc he brend twin der (Balaam offered on every altar a bullock and a ram, Num. 23, 2), Gen. and Ex. 4020. Iosep gaf ilc here twinne srud (to all of them he gave each man change of raiment, Gen. 45, 22), 2367. On twinne half, 3248. O. Frs. twiska tuine kindem: Icel. tvinnr.] v. ge-twin.

twín, es; n. Linen :-- Tuum (tuuín ?), tuigin, tuín byssum, Txts. 44, 138. Twín, Wrt. Voc. ii. 11, 14. Twiðræ-acute;wen twín (torta byssus) . . . ðæt geðræ-acute;wene twín, Past. 14; Swt. 87, 18, 42: Swt. 89, 2. Of twi-spunnenum twíne línenum torta bysso, Swt. 83, 23. Mid geedþráwenum twíne cum bysso retorto, Hpt. Gl. 431, 38: Wrt. Voc. ii. 11, 70: Kent. Gl. 1145. Gescrýdd mid twíne (mið linnenom. Lind. bysso), Lk. Skt. 16, 19. [Later the word is used as in mod. English. A twines (twined, 2nd MS.) þræd. Laym. 14220. Twyne, threede filum torsum vel tortum, Prompt. Parv. 505. Du. twiju twine, twist.] v. twínen.

twinclian; p. ode To twinkle :-- Se spearca ðara gódra weorca ðe tuinclaþ beforan mannum cuncta, quae poram hominibus rutilant, Past. 14; Swt. 87, 6. Ic ðæt lytle leóht geseah twinclian, Bt. 35, 3; Fox 158, 32.

twi-nebbe; adj. Having two faces :-- Twynebbe bifrontem, Germ. 397, 448.

twínen; adj. Of linen, linen :-- Bam (read ham, v. the corresponding gloss ham subucula, Hpt. Gl. 526, 30: at the same place, byssina is rendered by línen) twínen subucula bissina, Anglia xiii. 37, 285. v. twín.