This is page 289 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 16 Dec 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

GEARO -- GEARWIAN 289

such a condition as to be immediately liable to :-- Hé wiste þ-bar; menn wæ-acute;ron tó deáþe gearwe; þá gelaþode hé hié tó écean lífe, Bl. H. 103, 7. IV. having the quality of being prepared or willing to act when necessary, prompt, quick :-- Gearu promptus, Wrt. Voc. i. 55, 41. Ðe gást georo (gearo, R., hræd, W. S., promptus] is, Mt. L. 26, 41. Se gást is gearu (gearuu, L., georo, R.), Mk. 14, 38. Gearo gúðfreca goldmáðmas heóld, B. 2414. Ic habbe nú ongiten þ-bar; dú eart gearo tó ongitanne míne láre te ad intelligendum promtissimum esse conspicio, Bt. 36, 5; F. 178, 30. Gearuum expeditis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 107, 67. V. of mental power, characterized by quickness or promptness :-- Onstép mínne hige in gearone ræ-acute;d, Hy. 4, 39. VI. of action, characterized by alacrity or willingness :-- Heó gearwe (or under IX: or adv. ?) funde mundbyrd æt þám mæ-acute;ran þeódne, Jud. 2. VII. in the condition of having been prepared for some purpose :-- Þonne þ-bar; ordál geara sý, Ll. Th. i. 226, 18. Him wæs gearu sóna þurh streámræce stræ-acute;t gerýmed, An. 1581. Eów wæs mínes fæder ríce æ-acute;r woruldum gearo, Cri. 1346. Þé is súsl weotod gearo tógegnes, Sat. 693. Betst beadorinca wæs on bæ-acute;l gearu, B. 1109. Ys mín heorte gearu (gearuw, Ps. L.) ... þæt ic Gode cwéme, Ps. Th. 107, 1. Ne scealt þú forhyccan forgifnesse gearugne tíman spernere tu noli veniae tibi tempora certa, Dóm. L. 91: 68. Gé sceolan habban þreó ampullan gearuwe tó þám þrým elum, Ll. Th. ii. 390, 6. Þé synt tú gearu, swá líf, swá deáþ, El. 605. Gerewe sint télerum ... parata sunt derisoribus judicia, Kent. Gl. 720. Habbað word gearu ... eall getrahtod, An. 1360. VII a. of food, dressed, cooked :-- Bere is swíðe earfoðe tó gearcigenne, and þeáhhwæðere fét ðone monn, þonne hé gearo bið, Hml. Th. i. 188, 5. VII b. of ships, equipped for service :-- Æ-acute;nne scegð .lxiiii. æ-acute;re, hé is eall gearo bútan þám hánon, Cht. Crw. 23, 8. Man sceolde mid scipfyrde faran ..., ac ðá þá scipu gearwe wæ-acute;ron ..., Chr. 999; P. 133, 4: El. 227. Rómáne scipa worhton ... Æfter siextegum daga þaes þe ðæt timber ácorfen wæs, þæ-acute;r wæ-acute;ron xxx and c gearora ge mid mæste ge mid segle (centum triginta navium classis deducta in ancoris stetit), Ors. 4, 6; S. 172, 5. VIII. finished, complete :-- Ðæ-acute;m synfullan náuht ne helpað his gódan geðóhtas, for ðæ-acute;m ðe hé næfð gearone willan untweógende tó ðæ-acute;m weorce, ne eft ðæ-acute;m ryhtwísan ne deriað his yflan geðóhtas, for ðæ-acute;m ðe hé næfð gearone willan ðæt wóh tó fulfremmanne nec malos bona imperfecta adjuvant, nec bonos mala inconsummata condemnant, Past. 423, 25-28. IX. so placed or constituted as to be immediately available when required or wished for, close at hand, within reach, convenient for use :-- Gyt ne cóm mín tíd; eówer tíd is symble gearu (gearua, L., georo, R.), Jn. 7, 6. Bringaþ gé on mín beren eówerne teóðan sceat ... Gedóþ þ-bar; eów sý mete gearo on mínum húse inferte omnem decimam in horreum, et sit cibus in domo mea (Malachi 3, 10), Bl. H. 39, 28: An. 1537. Gearo sceal gúðbord ready to hand shall the shield be, Gn. Ex. 203. Sé þe þæt gelæ-acute;steð, him bið leán gearo, Gen. 435. Þæ-acute;r is help gearu, milts æt mæ-acute;rum manna gehwylcum, An. 909. Næs him dóm gearu tó ásecganne swefen, Dan. 128. Þet hit him georo wæ-acute;re swá hwilce dæge swá hí hit habban woldon, Chr. 874; P. 73, 26. On Gode standeð mín geara hæ-acute;le, Ps. Th. 61, 7. Hí eódon heom tó heora garwan feorme, Chr. 1006; P. 136, 24. Ðæt hí ealneg hæbben ðá sealfe gearuwe ðe tó ðæ-acute;re wunde belimpe, Past. 453, 9. Byð his dæ-acute;dbót Gode andfengre, and Godes mildheortnes him micle þe gearwre, Wlfst. 155, 15. Gearuwre, Ll. Th. i. 372, 5. IX a. used of a person :-- Hé is se góda God and gearu standeð (cf. God is a very present help, Ps. 46, 1), Ps. Th. 117, 2. Hé is God mín and gearu Hæ-acute;lend, 61, 2. Se geatweard sceal cýtan habban wið þæt geat, þæt þá cuman simle gearone hæbben ... (ut venientes semper presentem inveniant ...), R. Ben. 126, 19. Hí hæfdon gearwe (gearuwe, v. l.) mágistras (mágistras gearwe, v. l.) haberent in promtu magistros, Bd. 4, 2; Sch. 345, 13.

gearo; adv. v. gearwe: gearo-brygd; f. l. m.: gearod. l. ge-árod. v. ge-árian.

gearolíce. Add; geare-, gear-líce well. (1) of sight, perception :-- Þá mihte hé mid þan óþron geseón, and on þám inne hé gearlíce oncneów hwæt þæ-acute;r inne wæs, Guth. 98, 5. (2) of knowledge, understanding :-- Ic habbe gearolíce (cúðlíce, v. l.) ongyten þ-bar;te ús is seó mæ-acute;ste ðearf, Gr. D. 1, 3. Gearelíce (gearo-, v. l.) witan þás heregas, Wlfst. 254, 11. Magan wé geseón and oncnáwan and swíþe gearelíce ongeotan, Bl. H. 107, 23.

gearo-wita. Add :-- Swilce sió smeáung and sió gesceádwísnes is tó metanne wiþ þone gearowitan uti est ad intellectum ratiocinatio, Bt. F. 224, 4.

gearo-witol; adj. Ready-witted, sagacious :-- Gearwitelum sagaci, An. Ox. 56, 108. ¶ the word also glosses austerus :-- Scrípen &l-bar; gearuutol austerus, Lk. L. 19, 21. Gearnfull &l-bar; gearuutol, 22. [Næs þe king noht so wis, ne swá &yogh;ærewitele (warwitele, 2nd MS.), Laym. 1854.]

gearo-witolness, e; f. Sagacity :-- Ongeán þám ingehýde and gearawitolnesse þe of Godes ágenre gife cymð, se deófol sæ-acute;wð nytennysse, Wlfst. 53, 16.

gearo-wyrde; adj. Having ready utterance :-- Se geonga wæs geworden gearow yrde (geara-, georo-, v. ll., loquela promtus), sé þe æ-acute;r wæs dumb, Bd. 5, 2; Sch. 561, 2.

ge-eárplættan to buffet :-- Se sceocca mé geárplæt (colphizet, 2 Cor. 12, 7), Hml. Th. i. 474, 13.

geár-rím. Add: reckoning by years, v. geár-gerím, (2 b).

geár-torht. Substitute: Bright with the beauty of spring (? v. geár; III. 6) :-- Hé seów sæ-acute;da fela, sóhte georne þæt him ... bróhte geártorhte gife gréne folde, Gen. 1561.

gearu-fang ? :-- Gearufang proceris, Wrt. Voc. i. 63, 75. v. feng (2 a).

geár-wæstm yearly fruit :-- Þæt heó hæbbe æ-acute;lce gére ealra geárwæstma þá þrié dæ-acute;las, C. D. ii. 175, 25.

gearwan-leáf. v. georman-leáf.

gearwe; adv. Take here geare, geara, gearo in Dict., and add: I. with verbs of knowing, well, certainly, clearly :-- Geare (gere, v. l.) witan. Past. 190, 11. Swíþe geare, Bt. 14, 2; F. 44, 8. Genóg geare, Bl. H. 175, 30. Wé þæs geléfað and geare witan þ-bar; ..., 13, 22. Gere (cf. swutolor witan, 11), Past. 429, 9. Hé geare nyste hwæ-acute;r ..., El. 719. Ne ful geare wiste, 860. Geara, Guth. 70, 4: Bt. 35, 6; F. 170, 8. Ne wéne ic his, ac wát geara (geare, v. l.), 38, 6; F. 208, 14. Geare cunnan, Wand. 69: B. 2070; El. 167. Gearwe cunnan, Wand. 71. Gearor witan, Past. 429, 19: Bl. H. 13, 21. Gearwor, Nar. 33, 3. Gearwor, Gr. D. 203, 24. Gearor ongitan, Bl. H. 129, 9. Þone cúþon manige úrra cúðra freónda and eallra gearost seó hálige fæ-acute;mne quem nostrorum multi noverunt, et maxime sacra virgo, Gr. D. 199, 11. I a. with verbs of observation, well :-- Fóre míne and míne gangas þú gearwe átreddest (investigasti), and ealle míne wegas wel foresáwe, Ps. Th. 138, 2. Geara ic sceáwade considerabam, 141, 4. II. readily, willingly, eagerly :-- Geare andettan, Ps. Th. 146, 7. Geara, 53, 6: 91, Ic on ðé geare hycge sperabo in te, 90, 2. Þonne wé his geara éhtan, 70, 10. III. with ready goodwill. Cf. gearo; VI :-- Wesað gé fram Gode geara gebletsade may you have his ready blessing, Ps. Th. 113, 23. IV. readily, promptly. Cf. gearo; IV :-- Þú mé eart geara andfencgea, Ps. Th. 58, 9, 18. Þú mé wæ-acute;re geara trymmend, 70, 3. V. marking thoroughness, completeness of an action. Cf. gearo; VIII :-- Stréle beóð scearpe ... syððan of glédon wesað gearwe áhyrded, Ps. Th. 119, 4. Hafa gebrocen glæs geara gegrunden, Lch. ii. 144, 16. Hí Iacób geara æ-acute;tan comederunt Jacob, Ps. Th. 78, 7. Þeós eorðe sceal eall ábifigan, ... geara forhtigan (be thoroughly terrified), 113, 7. VI. at hand, within reach, near. Cf. gearo; IX :-- Bið ús Godes milts þe gearwur, Ll. Th. i. 424, 23. VII. readily, without difficulty or delay :-- Sé ðe him tó ðám hálgan helpe gelífeð, tó Gode gióce, hé þæ-acute;r gearo findeð, Vald. 2, 28. Heó gearwe (but see gearo; VI) funde mundbyrd æt ðám mæ-acute;ran þeódne. Jud. 2.

gearwe dress. Take here geare in Dict., and add: gear, goods (?) :-- Ealle Rómáne woldon ymb xii mónað bringan tógædere þone sélestan dæ-acute;l hiora gódra geara (gearwa, v. l.) (heora góda gegearod tó heora geblóte, v. l.), and hiora siþþan feta wucena ætgædere brúcan, Ors. 6, 21; S. 272, 25. v. gold-, mete-gearwe.

gearwe yarrow. Add :-- Geruuae, geru&e-hook;, millefolium, Txts. 76, 623. Gearuuae, 639. Gearewe, Ælfc. Gr. Z. 311, 1. Seó reáde gearuwe, Lch. iii. 24, 2. Wyl on meolcum þá reádan gearwan, ii. 354, 9.

ge-árweorþian. Add :-- Ðonne ðú geárweorðas cum [de] honestaveris, Kent. Gl. 959. God hí geárwurðað tóforan óðrum mannum on þám écan wurðmynte, Hml. A. 22, 192. Giárwyrðigeð (honorificabit) ðec sáwel mín, Rtl. 1, 5. Seó hálige Maria mid hire geneósunge hine geárwurðode, Hml. Th. ii. 512, 18. Heora góda hlísa geárweorþige þá þe hý tó þæ-acute;re mæssan þénunge gecuren, R. Ben. 141, 5.

gearwian. Dele 'gerwan, ... gierian,' and add: I. to make ready :-- Farað and gearwiað (earwiað, v. l.) ús, þ-bar; wé úre eástron gewyrcon, Lk. 22, 8. I a. to make ready to do something :-- Huér wiltu þ-bar; wé gearuiga (iarwan, R.) ðé til eottanne eástro?, Mt. L. 26, 17. Hine forcuoede gearuande se excusare studentes, Lk. p. 8, 13. II. to make ready. (1) a thing for use, a place for occupation :-- Ic gearuwe byrnende blácern paravi lucernam, Ps. Th. 131, 18. Hé deádum monnum líf gearuwað (gearwað, v. l.) vitam mortuis praeparans, Past. 261, 18. Hé þá heofonlican rícu gearwaþ eallum geleáffullum, Bl. H. 31, 6. (1 a) where the purpose for which a thing is prepared is given :-- Hé gearwaþ þínne innoð his Suna tó brýdbúre, Bl. H. 9, 9. (2) of ships, to equip :-- Þ-bar; man æ-acute;ghwilce geáre sóna æfter Eástron fyrdscipa gearwige, Ll. Th. i. 324, 4. (3) of food or meals, dress food, prepare a meal :-- Martha gearwode þám Hæ-acute;lende æ-acute;fengereordu, Bl. H. 67, 26. Gearwa (gearw, earwa, W. S.) mé ðætte ic giriordige para quod cenem, Lk. R. 17, 8. Georwigað (gearuas, L.) ús eóstru þ-bar;te wé ete, 22, 8. III. to bring to completion or maturity :-- Se háta sumor drýgþ and gearwaþ sæ-acute;d and bléda, Bt. 39, 13; F. 234, 15. III a. to come to maturity :-- Treówu grénu wexað and gearwað and rípað, Solil. H. 10, 5. IV. to make ready a person (1) to do something :-- Gearwa þé and þú on þone síð fére, Guth. 86, 26. (2) for an action :-- Gearwige hé hine tó húselgange, Ll. Th. i. 322, 7: 310, 7. (3) to dress, clothe :-- Gearwæþ uestit, Mt. R. 6, 30. V. to procure, provide :-- Hit gerewað parat