This is page 524 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

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524 HEARD -- HEARD-LIC

Bl. H. 241, 3. II. of persons. (1) capable of great physical endurance or exertion, hardy, bold in fight (lit. or fig.) :-- Is his eafora nú heard hér cumen, B. 376. Róf óretta heard under helme, 2539. Þæ-acute;r oninnan bær eorlgestreóna hringa hyrde, UNCERTAIN hard wyrðne dæ-acute;l fæ-acute;ttan goldes there in bore of treasures, of plated gold, the rings' keeper bold a noble portion, 2245. [For hard wyrðne several emendations have been suggested: hard-fyrdne, hard-fyndes, hord-wyrðne, hord-wynne.] Árás þá se ríca (Beowulf) . . . sume þæ-acute;r bidon . . . swá him se hearda beheád, 401. Wracu sceal heardum men (cf. sélre bið æ-acute;ghwæ-acute;m þæt hé his freónd wrece, B. 1385), Gn. Ex. 153. Ecg sceal on sweorde and ord spere, hyge heardum men, 205. Frægn Scipia hiene an hwíg hit gelang wæ-acute;re þ-bar; Numenti&e-hook; swá raðe áhnescaden, swá hearde swá hié longe wæ-acute;ron. Ðá sæ-acute;de hé þ-bar; hié wæ-acute;ren hearde þá hwíle þe hié hira ánræ-acute;dnesse geheóldon him betweónum Scipio Tiresum consuluit, qua ope res Numantina aut prius invicta durasset, aut post fuisset eversa. Tiresus respondit: ' Concordia invicta . . . ', Ors. 5, 3; Swt. 222, 13-18. Hearde hildfrecan, B. 2205. Gúðfrecan gáras sendon on heardra gemang, Jud. 225. (l a) with gen. of noun defining form of activity :-- Beadwe heard, B. 1539. Wíges heard Créca drihten (Ulysses), Met. 26, 13. Níðweorca heard (Edgar), Chr. 973; P. 118, 23. ¶ figuratively of a saint :-- Beorn (St. Andrew) beaduwe heard, An. 984. (2) firm, steadfast, resolute :-- Þeáh þe se líchoma wæ-acute;re mid þæ-acute;re untrumnesse swá swíðe geswenced, hweþre his mód wæs á heard and gefeónde on Drihten, Bl. H. 227, 9: Gú. 950. Árás eorla wynn heard, hygesnottor . . . méðe for þám miclum bisgum, 1082, Heard and higestrang, Men. 42 : An. 1401. Se hearda hyge, Gú. 517. Þá þrý cómon tó þeódne foran hearde and higeþancle, Dan. 94. II a. of word or thought, bold, resolute :-- Á scyle geong mon wesan geómormód, heard heortan geþóht swylce habban sceal, blíðe gebæ-acute;ro, Kl. 43. Him þá bróðor þrý æt spræ-acute;ce þæ-acute;re hæ-acute;ldon hygesorge heardum wordum, Gen. 2035. III. of things. (1) capable of resisting wear or injury :-- Þá treówa þe beóð áheáwene on fullum mónan beóð heardran wið wyrmæ-acute;tan and lengfæ-acute;rran þonne þá ðe beóð on níwum mónan áheáwene, Lch. iii. 268, 10. IV. of a character not easily impressed or moved. (1) of persons, obdurate :-- Manige men beóð heardre heortan, Bl. H. 57, 18. Módblinde men flintum heardran, Cri. 1189. Heó wáron stearce, stáne heardran, El. 565. Ic wæs þæs heardestan geþóhtes mann (a man of a mind impervious to good influences (?): the Latin is: homo obscurae opinionis), þæt ic mé míne dagas tó nytte ne gedyde, Först. Verc. 137, 18. (2) of non-material things, rigid, unyielding : :-- Heardum rigido (imperio), An. Ox. 1293. V. difficult to bear, oppressive, rigorous, strict. (1) of things not necessarily painful :-- Him heard (durum) wæs þ-bar; hí on ealdum móde wæ-acute;ron geneádode níwe þing tó smeágenne, Gr. D. 104, 20. Heard wæs hinsíð, Hö. 7. Ús seó wyrd scyðeð heard and hetegrim, An. 1564. Heardan ceápe, B. 2482. Þurh heard gelác, An. 1094. Feala ðú ætýwdest folce ðínum heardra wísan ostendisti populo tuo dura, Ps. Th. 59, 3. Hearde laga rigidas (i. duras) leges, Wülck. Gl. 256, 33. Heardran hæ-acute;le, B. 719. Næ-acute;fre ic geférde heardran drohtnoð, An. 1404. Nýd bið wyrda heardost. Sal. 310. (2) of painful things :-- Næs ná mid Rómánum æ-acute;r ne siþþan swá heard gefeoht swá þæ-acute;r wæs numquam ulla Romano militi tumultuosior pugna et terribilior fuit, Ors. 5, 7; S. 230, 12. Níð heard and hetegrim, An. 1397. Heardes hellewítes, Gen. 303. Ðone kyning ðe hine on swá heardum wræce gebróhte, Past. 37, 4. Sume hé lét þreágan mid heardum broce alios duris agitari sinit, Bt. 39, 11; F. 228, 24. Longe ic wæs nú on ðæ-acute;m heardan campe, Bl. H. 225, 31. Hón on heardre hengene, Hml. Th. ii. 308, 30: Hml. S. 37, 101, 157. Morðorleán heard and heorogrim, Cri. 1613. Þincð sió sóðe gesæ-acute;lð þý wynsumre þe hé má heardra hénða ádreógeð, Met. 12, 21 : B. 166. Heardra hearma, An. 1447. Þeáh ðe þæt wíte hwéne heardre and strengre gedón sié cum paulo districtius agitur, Bd. 1, 27 ; Sch. 66, 16. Wíta heardost, Kr. 87. Þ-bar; hé onfó þæs heardestan þeówdómes, Bl. H. 49, 5. (3) of a time in which there is suffering :-- Se hearda dæg (the day of doom), Cri. 1065. Næ-acute;nig bihelan mæg on þám heardan dæge wom unbéted, 1311. VI. of persons, harsh, severe in dealing with any one : -- Symble hé þá steóre dyde bútan mildheortnesse, and hit má dyde on wælgrimnesse wyllan þonne mid æ-acute;nigre mildheortlicre forgifnesse . . . hé wæs swá heard and unforgyfende þám forwyrhtum mannum, Gr. D. 320, 1. Wearð Tiberius Rómánum swá wráð and swá heard swá hé him æ-acute;r wæs milde and iéþe inmutata est Tiberli UNCERTAIN modestia, atque ex mansuetissimo principe saevissima bestia exarsit, Ors. 6, 2 ; S. 254, 30. Hét mec hláford mín hér heard (? her-heard, MS. ; see hearh-eard. Grein suggested eard, but the alliteration seems to require heard. Cf. oððe þis waroð þe hér áworpen ligeð, Rä. 41, 49) niman, Kl. 15. Gé him æ-acute;ghwæs oftugon þurh heardne hyge hrægles nacedum, móses meteleásum, Cri. 1506. VI a. of a person's actions, qualities, &c. :-- Þára cyninga wælhreównes wæs tó þám heard, Bt. 29, 2 ; F. 104, 33. Heard spéc sermo durus (suscitat furorem, Prov. 15, 1), Kent. Gl. 503. Hé þóhte forgrípan gumcynne grimme and sáre heardum mihtum, Gen. 1276. VI b. of a thing with which injury may be inflicted by a person :-- Heardum méce dira framea, An. Ox. 890. VII. intense in force or degree :-- Gif seó sealf sié tó hear[d], geswét mid hunige, Lch. ii. 36, 16. Þonne heard gebrec, hlúd, unmæ-acute;te, swár and swíðlic, swégdynna mæ-acute;st, ældum egeslic, eáwed weorðeð, Cri. 954. Se líchoma on þone heardestan stenc and on þone fúlostan bið gecyrred, Bl. H. 59, 12. VIII. of energetic, vehement action :-- Heard handplega, Exod. 327. Heard gripe hrúsan, Ruin. 8. Heorosweng heardne, B. 1590. Is þé gúð weotod heardum heoruswengum, An. 954. v. ecg-, ellen-, feól-, for-, fýr-, gúþ-, hrímig-, íren-, mægen-, níþ-, regn-, scúr-, slíþ-, stearc-, stede-, þræc-, þroht-, wíg-heard. The word is found in many person-names: for a list of such see Txts. pp. 485-6.

heard, es; n. What is hard: -- Nán wiht þæ-acute;s heardes ne þæs hnesces, Wlfst. 184, 20. Him on hand gæ-acute;ð heardes and hnæsces, Sal. 286. v. hnesce; n.

hearde. Add: I. of falling or striking (lit. or fig.) :-- Hé sume ác ástáh, . . . and hé hearde feóll (cf. in arborem ascendens deciderat deorsum, et contrito corpore spiritum exhalavit, Vit. Cuth. c. 34), Hml. Th. ii. 150, 32. Ic wæs hearde cnyssed impulsus, Ps. Th. 117, 13. II. of seizing, pressing (lit. or fig.) :-- Hé (a sea-beast) wearð mid eoforspreotum hearde genearwod, B. 1438. Mid weres egsan hearde genearwod, Gen. 921. Hearde genyrwad, gebunden bealorápum, Cri. 364. Þé tó heortan hearde grípeð ádl unlíðe, Gen. 936. III. of binding, fastening, firmly, tightly :-- Helm on heáfod ásette, and þone full hearde geband, Gen. 444. Unrótnesse geræ-acute;ped, hearde gehæfted (cf. geræ-acute;pte mid þæ-acute;re unrótnesse, and swá gehæfte, Bt. 37, 1; F. 186, 22), Met. 25, 49. Wítum gebunden, hearde gehæfted, Jud. 116. Þurh þá ic hongade hearde gefæstnad, Cri. 1457. [The last three passages might be taken under IV.] IV. in a way that involves pain :-- Hrinon hearmtánas hearde and sáre drihta bearnum, Gen. 992. Þæs wráðe ongeald, hearde mid híwum, hægstealda wynn, 1862 : Dan. 598. Him þæt hearde wearð forgolden, Jud. 216. Wé þæs hearde sceoldon bídan in bendum, Hö. 87. Him bonena hand hearde gesceóde, An. 18. Wyrd bið wended hearde . . . and hwæðre him mæg wíssefa wyrda gehwylce gemetigian, Sal. 435. Þeáh þe þ-bar; wíte hwæ-acute;ne heardor and strangor dón sý cum paulo districtius agitur, Bd. 1, 27 ; Sch. 66, 13. V. with intensive force, (1) with verbs implying pain, injury, &c. :-- Ús hearde sceód fæ-acute;mne þurh forman, gylt, Gen. 997. Gé sceolon hearde ádreógan wíte, Cri. 1514. Mé is heorte and flæ-acute;sc hearde geteórad, Ps. Th. 72, 21. Hwílum mé bryne stígeð, hyge heortan neáh hearde (hædre. v. l.) wealleð, Sal. 62. (2) of painful physical sensation, e. g. thirst, Hml. Th. ii. 256, 31 (in Dict.). (3) of painful, violent, intense emotion :-- Hé (St. Martin) cóm tó húse hearde gedréfed (cf. Martinus cóm micclum dreórig, Hml. S. 31, 213), Hml. Th. ii. 504, 25. Ne wé cunnun þurh hwæt þú þus hearde ús eorre wurde, El. 400. Lengað hine hearde, þynceð þæt sý þria xxx þúsend wintra æ-acute;r hé dómdæges dyn gehýre, Sal. 270: Seel. 155. Hearde ondræ-acute;dan, Cri. 1018. Hé hiene geeáðmédde tó þæ-acute;m folce þe hé him þæ-acute;r heardost ondréd, Ors. 3, 7 ; S. 112, 33. Þonne hine þæs hlísan heardost lysteð, Met. 10, 14.

heard-fyrde. Dele, and see heard; II. I.

heard-hara, heardra, an; m. The name of a fish. Take here heardra in Dict., and add :-- Heardhara cefalus, Txts. 52, 270. Haerdhera caefalus, 115, 167. Heardra cephalus, Wrt. Voc. i. 66, 4: ceffalus, 281, 70: cefalus, ii. 14, 20. Heardhara mugil, 114, 40. Hacod oððe heardra, 55, 81. Heardran mullos, An. Ox. 56, 339. [Ger. harder.]

heard-heáwa. Substitute: heard-heáw, -heáwa, -heáwe, héwe, -híwe, -héui a cutting implement, chisel :-- Heardheáu cisculus, Txts. 51, 467. Heardhéui ciscillus, 52, 262. Haerdhaeu, 116, 199. Heardheáw, Wrt. Voc. ii. 14, 34. Circillus, navicula vel heardheáwa, 131, 23. Heardheáwe vel nafogár foratorium, 149, 74. [Cf. N. E. D. hard-hewer a stonemason.]

heard-heort. Add: [The Latin of Ex. 33, 3, 5 and of Deut. 9, 6 is populus durae cervicis and durissimae cervicis populus.] I. not affected by pity (see first two passages in Dict.) II. impervious to good influences :-- Gif hiora hwilc swá heardheort wæ-acute;re þ-bar; hé náne hreówsunge ne dyde, Bt. 41, 3; F. 248, 15. Jóseph wearð áhred swá þ-bar; þá heardheortan (the Jews) his næfdon nán þing, Hml. A. 79, 173. Þá unstillan and þá heardheortan abbud sceal þreágean indisciplinatos et inquietos debet arguere, R. Ben. 13, 12. [v. N. E. D. hardheart.]

heardheortness. Add: [The Latin of Deut. 31, 27 is cervicem tuam durissimam] :-- Losiað tó fela for heora heardheortnysse wið þone Hæ-acute;lend, Hml. S. 25, 529.

heard-héwe, -híwe. v. heard-heáw.

heardian. Add: -- Heardadun (gelaverunt) swé swé wall weter heardadon ýðe in midre sae, Ps. Srt. ii. p. 187, 30. [v. N. E. D. hard. O. Sax. hardón: O. H. Ger. hartén, hartón.] v. á-, wiþ-heardian; hirdan.

heard-lic. Substitute: I. bold, warlike. Cf. heard; II. I :-- Wíglice, heardlice bellicosas (cohortes), Hpt. Gl. 425, 8. II. resolute, stern. Cf. heard; II. 2 :-- Heardlic eornost and wíslic wærscipe and stydefætst módstaþol . . . bið witena gehwilcum weorðlicre micle, þonne