This is page 757 of the supplement to An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by T. Northcote Toller (1921)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Bosworth/Toller. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 18 Mar 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

ÁR -- BEÁN-BROÞ 757

cause for parting with life, El. 581. v. á-pyndrian.

ár. III. add: landed property :-- Neorxnawoncges bígencga, Adam, wearð of his gecyndan áre þurh Euan his wíf út ádræfed paradysi colonum, Adam, de fossessione sua Eua mulier eiecit, Chrd. 68, 24.

á-ræ-acute;dan; III. add :-- Ðás béc (the gospels) mon áréde éghwelce mónaðe for heora sáulum tó écum lécedóme, Txts. 175, II.

á-ræfedlic. v. un-á.

á-ræ-acute;ran. Add: I a. to place in a superior position :-- Se óðer beó áræ-acute;red from ðæ-acute;m óðrum alter regatur ab altero, Past. 107, 23. IV. add: IVa. to bring about a condition :-- Ic him yfle ne mót, ac ic on hæftnýd hwílum áræ-acute;re (someetimes I bring captivity upon them), Rä. 80, 10.

á-rásian. Add: IV. to suspect, conjecture :-- Hé árásade (suspicabatur) þ-bar; hé hæfde æ-acute;rendo tó Breotone cyningum, Bd. 4, I; Sch. 342, 2: 8.

á-reccan. Add: un-áreht.

á-redian. In 1. 4 for 'provide', 'wants' substitute 'carry out', 'wills'.

á-reódian. Add :-- Áreódigen erubescant, Ps. Rdr. 69, 4.

arewe. Cf. earh.

ár-gebland. v. eár-gebland.

árian. v. un-á.

á-ríman. v. un-árímed.

á-rímedlic, -líce. v. un-á.

á-rísan. III. add: of a result produced by human agency :-- Fyrdwíc árás, Exod. 129. v. un-árísende.

ár-lic, -líce. v. un-á.

árung. v. hád-á.

ár-wela. v. eár-wela.

ár-weorþness. v. un-á.

ár-wirþan. v. ge-á.

á-ryddan. Cf. ge-rýdan.

á-ryderian to blush :-- Áryderende erubescentes, Ps. Rdr. 69, 4.

á-sánian. Add: to grow dull, to wane :-- Þæt leóht ásánode on þá ylcan wýsan þe hit æ-acute;r wæxende wæs, Vis. Lfc. 57.

asce. v. ellen-asce.

áscian. Take II in Dict. under VI in Supplement; for construction in B. 1206 cf. second passage under V.

á-scunung. v. on-á.

á-scyhhan. v. scynnan.

á-scyhtan. v. scyhtan.

á-scyndan. Add :-- Ðú þe áscyndest (tollis) synna middangeardes, Ps. Rdr. p. 302, 12.

á-sécan. I. add :-- Tíd þ-bar; gesóhte (ásðhte, R., exquisierat) from drýum, Mt. L. 2, 16.

á-secgende. v. un-á.

á-sendedness. v. on-á.

á-seolcendlic. v. un-á.

á-setedness. v. un-á.

á-settan. Add: I b. to put into a position or condition, place, (α) with complement :-- Ic hine ásette ealra heáhstne, Ps. Th. 88, 24. (β) with adv. or prep, phrase :-- Þú ús ásettest on sárcwide úrum neáhmannum, Ps. Th. 79, 6. Hine nyðor ásette Metod, Dan. 493. I c. with non-material object, to apply :-- Ásete him þá unriht tó þe hí geearnedan, Ps. Th. 68, 28. I d. to remove, take away, cf. III :-- Gif man óðrum steóp ásette þæ-acute;r mæn drincen . . . vi. scill. þám þe man þone steáp áset, Ll. Th. i. 32, 8-10. Hé (hí) hét áhón and . . . eft ásettan, Jul. 231.

á-sígan. Add :-- Se wæ-acute;ta ásigí (labitur) tó ðám lime, Past. 72, 10.

á-slápan. Add: to become numb. v. slápan; I c :-- Þá eáran áslápad. Verc. Först. 91, 6.

á-slídan. v. út-ásliden.

á-slítan. Add :-- Áslíteí, Ps. Rdr. 76, 9.

á-solian to get foul :-- Hwít ásolað nitor squalescit, Angl. ii. 374. 3.

á-spelian. Add :-- Nán ne beó áspelod of kycenan tó þínienne nullus excussetur a cojuin&e-hook; officio, Chrd. 16, 17.

á-springendlic. v. un-á. á-sprungennes. Add :-- Ásprungnes defectio, Ps. Vos. 118, 53.

á-stemnian. Substitute: á-stefnan, -stemnian to establish, institute :-- Mynster hí sylf ástemnedon monasterium ab ipsis conditum, Bd. pref.; Sch. 4, 13. v. stefnan.

á-steorfan. Add :-- Þ UNCERTAIN nýten byð tó ástorfenum (in contrast with ácweald, 40) geteald, E. S. viii. 62, 42.

á-sterfan. v. á-stirfan.

á-stigan. I 2. add :-- Hé on gylp ástág, Met. 9, 46.

á-stígend, es; m. One who mounts (a horse) :-- Hors and ástígend (ascensorem), Ps. Rdr. 280, l. Ástígendas ascensores, 4. v. niþer-á.

á-stirfan. Take here á-styrfan in Dict., and add: to destroy :-- Æ-acute;ghwilc wæstma seten ástærfed bið (eradicabitur). Mt. L. 15, 13. v. stirfan.

á-stræ-acute;lian to hurl a dart :-- Ástræ-acute;lod iaculatum, Ps. Rdr. 75, 9.

á-súcan, -súgan. Add: to consume, v. osogen.

á-swæ-acute;man; II. add :-- Þá synfullan . . . sárige áswæ-acute;maþ and in súsle áfeallað, Verc. Först. 72, 2.

á-awárnian. Add :-- Hý áswárnien reuereantur, Ps. Rdr. 82, 18. Aswárnod confusus, 87, 16.

á-swongan. Add :-- On ðé áswenged (iactatus) ic eom, Ps. Rdr. 21, 11.

á-swornod confusus, Nap. 7. v. á-swárnian.

á-syndran. v. ge-á.

á-tendan to set on fire. Add :-- Ád átendne pyram succensam, An. Ox. 2460. I a. to kindle a fire :-- Hé geseah feówer fýr átende, Hml. Th. ii. 338, 6. III. add :-- Átend succensus (flammis carnalibus). An. Ox. 4315.

á-teon. II 2. add: -- Nyme hé þá ælmessan, and áteó swá hé wylle (exinde quod uoluerit faciat), Chrd. 49, 8.

á-teorian. l. á-teórian, and II. add: of material, to end, not to be continued :-- -Ymbe þæt útan þe þæs scapularæs handstoca áteóriað (where the cuffs end), Tech. ii. 127, 20.

áp. I. add :-- Se arcebiscop mid his selfes áþe geáhnode God . . . þá land . . . , and þæne áð nam se scírigman tó þæs cinges handa, and þæ-acute;r wæs gód eáca tén hundan mannan þe þane áð sealdan, Cht. Th. 273, 22-31. Leófríc sealde Wulfstáne twégra þegna áð and wæs hymsylf þridde, C. D. iv. 235, II. IV. the fine paid where the oath in a suit fails, [v. the grant in the following passage :-- Ego Eadmundus rex . . . concedo . . . omnes forisfacturas . . . áthas et ordélas, C. D. ii. 252, 13. Cf. Beó se cyng æ-acute;lces þæ-acute;ra wíta wyrðe (this comes at the end of a section dialing with oaths and ordeals), Ll. Th. i. 282, 16] :-- Hámsócn and forsteall, . . . áþ and ordél, fyrdwíte, Cht. Th. 433, 28: 433, 8: 20: 31. v. cyre-, fore-, friþ-, hold-, hyld-, rím-áþ.

á-þeóstrian. Add :-- Aþrióstraþ, Mt. R. 24, 29.

áðexe. [v. N. E. D. ask a newt.]

á-Þreótan. Add: v. un-áþreótende.

áþ-swaru. Add; v. ge-æ-acute;þan.

á-þwínan to dwindle away, vanish :-- Se scucce áðwán of heora gesihþe, Nap. 74.

á-timplian. v. timple.

át-land land where oats are grown :-- Tó þæ-acute;re fyrh þæs bisceopes átlondes, Cht. E. 208, 34. [D. D. oat-land. Oatland as local name.]

át-leáh an oat-field :-- In átleahe geat, C. D. iii. 80, 10.

átor-coppe. Add :-- Þá weófodu beóð tó þan swíðe forlæ-acute;tene þ-bar; ðá áttor-coppan (araneae) habbaðinnan áwefene, Verc. Först. 102, 6.

átor-geblæ-acute;d a poisonous blister, an abscess, Lch. iii. 36, 22. [Cf. Ger. eiter-beule.]

átor-þigen (-þegu ?) taking poison :-- Wið áttor-þigene (-þige (-þege?), v.l.), Lch. i. 4, 5.

át-síc ? :-- -In ðæt átsíc, C. D. iii. 382, 15.

á-týnan. Add :-- Átieinde aperuit, Ps. Rdr. 37, 14.

á-wácian. Add: to make gentle, mollify, appease :-- God hé áwácað tó him placat Deum, Verc. Först. 126, 6.

a-wæ-acute;can For' Dele' substitute :-- Seó miígð áwéht (wæ-acute;ced, v.l.) wæs (premeretur) mid þí wæle. Bd. 3, 30; Sch. 331, 4.

awel. For awl, as given in Dictionary, substitute flesh-hook, and dele reference to æl, which is a different word. [Cf. Icel. soð-áll a flesh-hook.] v. mete-a.

á-wemman. Add: v. un-áwemmende.

á-wendendness. Add :-- Ðæ-acute;r is wlite bútan áwendendnesse, Verc. Först. 134.

á-wiht. II. add :-- Þára mínra áwiht feala on gewrit settan, Ll. Th. i. 58, 21.

á-windan. II 2. add as alternative meaning: to become curved. Cf. ge-windan, -wind :-- Þá handa áwindaþ the hands get cramped.

á-wirpan. Add :-- Wearð geðúht swilce heó áwyrpan mihte, ac heó gewát of worulde, Hml. S. 20, 65.

á-wlætan; II. add :-- Þ UNCERTAIN hí mid leahtrum ne áwlæ-acute;ton (fedent) hira godcundan gyfe. Chrd. 56, 31.

á-wlispian to stammer, speal inarticulately :-- Seó tunge áwlyspaþ, seó þe æ-acute;r hæfde ful recene spræ-acute;ce, Nap. 74.

á-writ. v. ofer-á.

á-wrítan. v. un-áwriten ; ofer-áwritten.

á-wundrian. II ¶ v. á-pundrian.

á-wyrttrumian to root out :-- Ealle uncysta wiorðað út áwyrtrumade. Verc. Först. 161.

B

bæc a brook, [v. N. E. D. bache. See E. S. xxix. 411.]

-bæc baking, v. ge-bæc.

bæceatre; m. :-- Liueger se bacestere on Excestre, Che. Th. 637, 27.

-bæ-acute;dan. v. tó-bæ-acute;dan to exalt.

-bæ-acute;ne. v. ge-b.

bæ-acute;r a pasture. Dele '(?)' and cpds. at end, and add :-- On hnutleáge bæ-acute;re eastewearde, C. D. v. 207, 20. v. den-, pó1-, weald-, wer-, wudu-b.

-bæ-acute;re, es; n. Dele.

-bæ-acute;re; adj. Add: v. feþer-, gram-, hál- (hæ-acute;l-), helm-, leger-, iof-, mann-, slæ-acute;p-, wind-b.

bærnan. Add: v. breneþ; sám-bærned.

bærned-ness. v. for-b.

-bæ-acute;rness. v. ge-b.

bæ-acute;rning. Add : a burnt-offering :-- Bærningum holocaustis, Ps. Vos. 50, 18. v. for-, on-b.

bæþ. Add: v. fant-, fullwiht-b.

bán. Add: v. ge-, hrycg-, hweorf-, hype-, lenden-b.

bana. Add: v. mæ-acute;g-b.

ban-weorc action which causes death, manslaughter :-- Seó unlagu þ-bar; man móste banweorc on unsacne secgan, Ll. Lbmn. 244, 34. Cf. morþ-weorc.

bár. Add: , bæ-acute;r :-- Mid báres tuxe, Lch. i. 244, 8. Bæ-acute;res flæ-acute;sc etan, iii. 144, 24: i. pp. 358-60. barenian. v. básniaii. aasnian. Take here passage given under barenian.

baso (-u). v. wræt-baso.

-bátian, -bátung. v. grist-b.

be. A. 11 b. add :-- For hé forð bi (bie, v.l.) ðæ-acute;m scræfe, Past. 197, 13: Bl. H. 213, 34. (4) add :-- Gé bundon hine be þam fótum, Shrn. 151, 35. II 2. add :-- Be Wihtgáres dæge and be óðra cinga dæge, Chr. 7915 ; P. 56, 39. Eallu ðing be dæges leóhte (luce adhuc diei) gefyllede sýn, R. . Ben. 66, 8. III 8. add :-- Gif hé déð dæ-acute;dbóte be his synnum, Angl. xi. 114, 61. Sind fíf onlícnessa be hellegryre, Verc. Först. 90, 12 : Wlfst. 171, 3-4. [9) add :-- Be freóndan and be fremdan fadian gelíce, Ll. Th. ii. 306, 29. (15) add :-- Gif hé ne geswice be þám si neque sic correxerit, Chrd. 41, 36. (18) add :-- Hé be heora gange hí gecneów, Hml. S. 30, 233. [19) add :-- Bid ðearf ðæt hé hine genime be ðæ-acute;re leornunge háligra gewrita and be ðám áríse (at per eruditionis studium resurgat), Past. 169, 15. (22) add :-- Leód and lagu fór be geþincðum, Ll. Th. i. 190, 12. B. take here Cht. Th. 171, 6 from III I b. v. þæ-acute;r-big.

beácen. Add: an audible signal :-- Sóna swá hí þ-bar; beácn (signum) gehýron, Chrd. 32, 26: 34, 4.

beáb. (l). Add :-- Ðæs écan beáges (bíges, v. i.), Bd. 5, 22; Sch. 682, 7. [v. N. E. D. bee.] v. coren-, dryhten-, heáfod-, sige-b.

bealcettan. Add :-- Hí bylcettaþ &l-bar; hig bealcattaþ eructabunt, Ps. L. 144, 7.

beald. Add :-- Tó beald (bald, v.l.) and tó scomleás presumptione percussus, Past. 61, 2.

bealo; n. Add: v. cwealm-, dryhten-b.

bealo-full. v. un-b.

beám. v. ciris-, crístelmæ-acute;l-, gorst-, múr-, sunne-b.

-beámed(e). v. leóht-b.

-beámen. v. ele-b.

beám-wer a weir made of logs :-- Beneoðan beámwer on ðone norðere steð, C. D. v. 148, 31.

beán-broþ bean-broth, v. beón-broþ.