This is page 397 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

This online edition was created by the Germanic Lexicon Project.

Click here to go to the main page about Cleasby/Vigfusson. (You can download the entire dictionary from that page.)
Click here to volunteer to correct a page of this dictionary.
Click here to search the dictionary.

This page was generated on 11 Nov 2017. The individual pages are regenerated once a week to reflect the previous week's worth of corrections, which are performed and uploaded by volunteers.

The copyright on this dictionary is expired. You are welcome to copy the data below, post it on other web sites, create derived works, or use the data in any other way you please. As a courtesy, please credit the Germanic Lexicon Project.

LOFAN -- LOPPINN. 397

230, Stj. 225, H. E. 4. 491; lofa is in mod. usage the common word,

leyfa is obsolete.

lofan, f. leave, permission, Hom. 144.

lofanligr, adj. laudable, Fms. x. 87, MS. 732. 13.

Lofarr, m. the name of a dwarf, Vsp.

Lofði, a, m. the name of a mythical king, Edda :-- lofðar, m. pl. men,

heroes, Edda (Gl.), Ýt., Lex. Poët.

lof-drápa, u, f. a n encomium, Landn. 283.

lofðungr, m., poet, a king, prince, Hkv., Sighvat, passim :-- in plur. the

kinsmen of king Lofði, Eådz.

lof-gjarn, adj. prai s e-wor thy, Yt.

lof-gjarnligr, adj. laudatory, Fb. ii. 200.

lof-görð, f. praise, Fbr. (in a verse), freq. in mod. eccl. usage, Vidal.:

worship, praise, Bs. ii. 157.

lof-hnugginn, part. ' praise-bereft, ' wicked, Hallfred.

lof-kenndr, part, glorious, Lex. Poët.

lof-kvæði, u. an encomium, Eg. 418, Fb. i. 214, ii. 306.

lof-köstr, m. a 'pile of praise, ' a pyramid of praise, poet, a poem, Ad.

lofliga, adv. gloriously.

lofligr, adj. praising; loflig ræða, a panegyric, Skulda 197; loflig orð,

laudation, Hkr. iii. 244: glorious, praiseworthy, Stj. 288, Blas. 47; í hans

lofligu lifi, Orkn. 160.

Lofn, f. [akin to Engl. love], the name of the goddess of Love, Edda -21.

lof-orð, n. leave, permission; at engu loforði biskups-efnis, Bs. i. 4/5;

leggja loforð til e-s, Fas. ii. 328. II. in mod. usage, a promise;

halda, efna loforð sitt.

lof-samliga, adv. gloriously, Fms. vi. 206.

lof-samligr, adj. glorious, Fms. i. 259, Stj. 32, 170, Bs. i. 38, ii. 3.

lof-smíð, f. an encomium, Gd. 40.

lof-spá, f. a glorious ' spae' or prophecy, 656 A. 19 (of the song of

Simeon).

lofs-tírr, m. honour, glory; see lof.

lof-sæla, u, f. esteem, fame, Sir. 16.

lof-sæll, adj. glorious, famous, Yt. 14, Hom. 107, Str. 19.

lof-söngr, n. [Germ, lobgesang^,, a song of praise, hymn, Hom. 142,

Magn. 450, Fms. xi. 308, Rb. 396, freq. in mod. eccl. usage.

lof-tunga, u, f. a 'praise tongue, ' soubriquet of a poet, Fms.

lof-verðr, adj. praiseworthy, Fms. v. 100.

LOG-, n. [Old Engl., Scotland North. E. lowe], aflame; þeirgáfu honum

kerti mjök mikit ok log á, Ó. H. 152; ef ktrti er látið í vatnið, þá er log

er á því, Rb. 352; hræ-iog (q. v.), ignis faluus. 2. esp. in plur. li g' ht

(candlestick); vóru log upp drtgiu í stofunni, Sturl. iii. 182; þrjú vóru

log í skálanum, Gísl. 29; þá vóru log kveykt í tjöldunum, Fb. ii. 128;

með sverð ok stangir ok log, Hom. St. (John xviii. 3).

LOGA, að, [Old Engl. to lowe] , burn with aflame; þeim endanum er log-

aði, Eg. 238; loganda eldi-brand, Nj. 194; hyrrsc ek brenna en hauðr loga,

burn in a bright lowe, Hdl. 48; tf ek sé húvan sal loga, Hm. 153; loga ilia

skíðin, Finnb. 254; runnr, sá er Moyses sa loga ok eigi brenna, 65ts viii.

2; þar til er borgin oil logaði, Fms. vi. 154; Ijósið logar, the li g' ht lowes;

það logar á skíðum or það skíða-logar, the fire lowes brightly.

loga-blæða, dd, [laga], to floiv profusely, of blood; það loga-blæðir.

log-brandr, n. a firebrand, Fms. i. 29, 290, Gullþ. 15, Bret. 18.

logi, a, m. [Germ, lohe; Dan. lue\, a lowe, flame; brenna loga (dat.),

/o s tand in a bright lowe, Gin. 29; brennandi logi, hár logi, Hm. 84,

Am. 15, Ls. 65; Surla-logi, the flame of Surt, Vþm. 50; fundu eigi

fyrr en loginn stóð inn inn ræfrit, Eg. 239; svá var at sjá í fjallit upp

sem í loga sæi, er roðaði af skjöldunum, Fms. viii. 210; rcyk ok loga,

0. H. 121; þá var enn logi á cldinum, there was still a lowe in the fire,

153. II. a pr. name; of a mythical king, Logi, "ft.; cp.

Ha-logi; Loga-dís, Logi's sisíer, id.

LOGN, n. [Scot, and North. E. loun = calm; Swed. lugn; ^Ivar Aasen

logn] :-- calm, tratvjnil, of weather, Aim. 23; logn veðrs, O. H. 36; i

logni, Fms. viii. 178; ok er þeir n'ru í logui ok sækvrru, ... er boði

fell í logni, Orkn. 164; datt veðrit í logn, Bs. i. 834; hann hastaði ú

vindinn ok sjóinn, þá varð logn mikit, Matth. viii. 26: plur., logn inikil,

Orkn. 358. COMPOS: logn-drifa, u, f. a drift of snow in a calm, Gísl.

28, Njarð. 374. logn-rétt, f., in the naut. phrase, liggja í lognrétt,

to be becalmed on the sea, Fas. ii, 30. logii-snjór, m. snow fallen in

a calm,

LOK, n. [lúka], a co ver, lid of a chest, vessel; hann stakk endanum i

lokit þar sem lykillinn gékk at, Mag. i; ok lok yfir kerinu, Eb. 196;

hálfrýmis-kistur þeirra stóðu ú. skipum, en lyklar vóru settir í lokin, Fms.

viii. 85, Mag. 24, 78; kistu-lok, pott-lok: of a ship, a locker or bench

in the stem of a boat, mod. stafn-lok, gi'kk biskup fram í lokit, Bs. ii.

129. 2. in plur. lockers; þeir brutu upp hurðir ok hirzlur, lok ok lasa,

Sturl. ii. ii; gullhringr hvarf frá hnsfreyju or lokum (out of the lockers) cr

vandlega vóru læst, Bs. i. 329; í lásum eða í lokum, N. G. L. i. 84; þá

eru lok þeirra óheilög við broti, Jb. 424. II. metaph. plur. an end,

conclusion, cp. Germ, scbluss; þat fylgir Ijóða lokum, Hm. 164; lok

mun ek þess segja, Am. 35; fella lok ú e-t, to bring to an end, Grág. i.

67; færa til loka, id., Bs. i. 132; líða imdir lok, to end, die, perish, Nj. 156, THom.; leiðar lok, journey's end, conclusion, Stj. 442; nest-lok.

æíi-lok, mála-lok, leiks-lok, q. v. III. adverb, loks, at last, fînally,

Fms. xi. 45, 86, Fbr. 23; and til loks, id., Eluc. 73, Rb. 76, 366, Stj. 417,

þorst. Síðu H. 9; loksins, adv. at last, finally, Bs. i. 443, Fbr. 23.

lok, n. [Ivar Aasen lok; Dan. laag~\, a kind of fern or weed; in the

phrase, ganga sem lok yfir akr, to spread like iveeds over afield; menu hans

gengu sem lok yfir akra, Orkn. 4; gengu þeir eiuir yfir allt sem lok yfir

akra, Fbr. 24 new Ed.; the mod. sem logi yfir akra is a corruption of

the old phrase.

loka, u, f. a l oc k (latch); hann rekr aptr hurð ok lætr fyrir loku, Ísl.

ii. 135, Fms. vi. 189; lokur ok slagbranda, iv. 299; loka var engi fyrir

hurðum, láta lokur frá hurðum, ... Auðr lætr loku (lok MS., but loku

114, I. e.) frá hurðu, Gísl. 28-30, Fms. vi. 189, viii. 332, Eg. 601, Lv.

30: the phrase, margr seilisk urn hurð til lokunnar, many a man reaches

far to catch what is near at band, (almost answering to the Lat. quod

pelis hie e f t), Grett. 107: prop, a peg, Jabel tók bnðar-nagla sinn eða loku,

ok hamar, Stj. 388, (Judges ii. 21, a nail of the tent.) II. a kind

of song, verses running on without division of strophes, lang-loka; urðar-

lokur, a warlock song, a charm; for a specimen of a langloka see Snot

72 (Kd. 1850). COMPOS: loku-gat, n. a hole for a latch, Fas.

iii. 536. loku-lindi, a, m. a belt with a lock, Bs. i. 337. loku-

rán, n. a law term, a 'lock-robbery, ' burglary, Gþl. 387. loku-sveinn,

m. a 'lock-boy, ' porter, Bs. i. 849, THom. 239. loku-bollr, in. a

beam in a weaver's loom, Bjorn.

LOKA, að, [Engl. to lock] , to lock, shut; hann gokk inn í húsit ok

lokaði innan hurdina, Fms. ii. 281; loka hús, þjal. 10 :-- in mod. usage

with dat., loka hurdu, dyrum.

lokarr, m., dat. lokri, [A. S. l oc er], a plane, a joiner's term; lokrar

tveir, Pin. 124; kirkjan ú þrjá lokra ok tclli-stokk, 13: metaph., frekr

get ek at þeim þykki lokarr minn til fegjalda, / ween they will think my

plane cuts no thin shavings in the matter of fees, Fms. ii. 65: poüt., óðar-

lokarr, umun-lokar, the ' voice-plane' = the tongue, Ad. 16, Edda 85 (in a

verse). lokar-spánn, m. plane shavings, Fms. vi. 156, xi. 34, Edda

46, þiðr. 20.

lok-hvíla, u, f. a ' lock-bed, ' a locked bed-closet, in ancient dwellings,

as a defence against night attacks, Sturl. ii. 217, Nj. 183, Eg. 603,

Fms. ii. 64, Fs. 72, 102; lokhvílu-þil, the wainscot of a bed-closet, Sturl.

ii. 228.

Loki, a, m. [perh. akin to lokka], the evil giant-god of the Northern

mythol., see Edda passim, Vsp. 39. Loka-senna, u, f. the banter of

Loki, the name of an old poem: as a nickname, Landn. The name of

Loki is preserved in a few words, Loka-sjóðr, m., botan. rhinanthiis crista

galli, Loki's purse, the name for cockscomb or yellow rattle; and Loka-

sjóðs-bróðir, m. bartsia alpina, Maurer's Yolks, i: Loka-brenna, u, f.

fire, the ' blazing' of Loki -- -Sirius, according to a statement of Finn Mag-

nusson: Loka-ráó and Loka-heilræði, n. pl. Loki's advice, i. e. ironical,

misanthropic advice, sec Snot 192; cp. the Dilmarschcr-iiigen in Grimm's

Marchen: Loka-lykt, f. a c l os e smell, as from an evil spirit haunting

the room, Ísl. þjóði. ii. . 556. II. as an appellative, a loop on a

thread, Dan. ' kurre paa traaden;' opt er loki ú nálþræði, Hallgr.

LOKKA, að, [Shell, luck; Germ, locketi] , to allure, entice. Am. 73,

Fms. viii. 23, Bad. 107, Edda 16, Hom. 108; lokka með blíðum orðurn,

623. 12; lokka e-t af e-m, Fms. vi. 201: to pull softly and by stealth,

haiMi lokkar pa af henni mcnit, Fb. i. 276. II. [lokkr], reflex, lok-

kast, to fall in locks, of hair, Karl. 226.

lokkaðr, part, with locks, Rb. 478.

lokkan, f. an allurement, Stj. 38, H. E. i. 490, Barl. 129.

lokkari, a, in. an allurer, MS. 4. 30.

LOKKR, m. [A. S., Engl., Germ., and Dan. l oc k], a lock of hair, Stj.

417, Fb. ii. 563, Fs. 5, Bret. 103, the word is not freq. with the ancients,

who used leppr (q. v.), which is now vulgar. lokka-maðr, in. a man

with thick locks of hair, Sturl. i. 2 I.

lok-lauss, adj. coverless, uncovered, Vm. 167, Dipl. v. 18.

lok-leysa or lok-lausa, u, f, ' without end, ' nonsense, absurdity, Nj.

214, Sks. 620, Blas. 45, Orkn. 346 (of a promise not fulfilled), Fms. viii.

102, Karl. 50, passim; cp. cndi-leysa.

lokna, að, to drop; lúta lokna niðr mál, Band. (MS.) 13.

lokr, m. [cp. loki II, and lykkja], a kind of texture; kyrtill hans var

lokr ofinn, en eigi saumaðr, lioni. St. (John xix. 23).

lok-rekkja, u, f. = lokhvíla, Ísl. ii. 262, Ld. 140, Nj. 35, Eg. 603,

Eb. 118, Gísl. 115. lokrekkju-gólí', n. a locked bed-closet, \7apn. 4,

Gísl. 115.

Lokrur, f. pl. ballads on Loki (in vellum).

loks and loksins, adv. at last, finally; see lok.

lok-sveinn, m. -- lokusvcinn, Th. 8.

lon, in the phrase, Ion og don, adv. incessantly, Snót.

lopi, a, m. carded wool drawn into a hank before being spun; cp. lyppa:

medic, dropsical flesh, hor-lopi, q. v.

loppa, u, f. [cp. lof p] , a paw, hand, (vulg.), Skíða R. 125; því cin loppan

fraus, Snot (of the ogress Gryla): numbness of the bands from cold, (mod.)

loppinn, adj. with hands benumbed with cold.