This is page 433 of An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Cleasby/Vigfusson (1874)

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MJÓR -- MJÖTUÐR. 433

MJÓR, adj., fem. mjó, neut. mjótt, with a characteristic v, which reappears before a vowel, thus mjóvan, mjóvar, mjóvir, mjóvum; often spelt with f, mjófan, etc.; in mod. usage by elision, mjóan, etc. The forms vary in three ways, mjór, mjár, mær, analogous to sjór, sjár, sær, α. mjár, mjá, mjátt; mjá (acc. n. pl.), Stj. 201, and foot-note 21; mjár farvegr, Fms. ix. 366, v.l.; mjátt, Js. 55, Thom. 153; miaua (= mjáva) vatni, D.N. i. 8l. β. mær; mævar skeiðir, the slim, narrow ships, Fms. i. 170 (in a verse), -- certainly thus, not as explained in Lex. Poët. p. 567, col. 1; as also mævar hlaupsíldr, the slim herrings, in Eyvind's verse (Hkr. i. 185); in me-fingr = mæ-fingr = mjó-fingr, taper-fingered, epithet of a lady, Hðm.: af þeim meiði er mer (i.e. mær) sýndisk, of the twig which was slim to behold, Vsp.; in the spelling of Cod. Reg. of Sæm. Edda e, g,UNCERTAIN or æ are freq. all written with the letter e, so that mér (mihi) and mær (tenuis) would all be spelt alike; this reading was suggested as early as by Rask in the edition of 1818, see Bugge's remarks in Philol. Tidsskr. 6th vol.: in Mæv-eið (= the narrow isthmus) in Shetland, Mk. 98, called Mawid in a Videsse of 1516 A.D.; at present Mawie or Mavis-grind, as opp. to another isthmus called Brae, i.e. Breið-eið = the Broad isthmus; cp. also Moorness = the little ness, in Shetl. II. compar., an older form mjóvari, mjávari, Ýt.; superl, mjóvastr, but obsolete, and replaced by a contracted mjóri, mjóstr, in mod. usage mjórri, mjóstr.

B. Thin, slim, taper; svá mjó, so slim in the waist, Bs. ii. 168; mjórar konu, Bjarn. (in a verse); mjóva mey, Korm.; mjótt band, Edda 20; mjór kvistr, Fas. iii. 33; með mjófu járni, Fær. 238; mjór Mistilteinn, Vsp.; mjófum knífsoddi, Fs. 144; mjófum fléttingum, Karl. 335; yxn mjá ok mjök visin, Stj. 201; þar sem hann var mjóstr, Fms. vii. 264 :-- of cloth, stiku breið en eigi mjóri, Grág. i. 498; jaðarflá vara eðr mjó, 499; sitja mjótt, Band. 38 new Ed.: sayings, mjór er mikils vísir, Fms. v. 176 (in a verse); mjótt er mundangs-hóf, Bs. i. (in a verse), Js. 55 (mjátt). 2. narrow; stigrinn var mjór ok þröngr, Fær. 48; skipit var heldr mjótt, Fms. ii. 50; mjótt sund, Grett. 83; mjór farvegr, Fms. ix. 366; grafir djúpari ok mjóri, Sks. 426: a nickname, Mjóvi, the Slim, or en Mjóva. II. in local names, Mjóvi-dalr, Mjóvi-fjörðr, Mjóva-nes, Mjó-sund or Mý-syndi, Dan. Mysunde in Slesvig; Mæv-eið, Munch's Norg. Beskr.

C. COMPDS: mjó-beina or mjó-beinn, adj. slim leg, a nickname, Landn., Korm. mjó-eygr, adj. narrow-eyed, of one whose eyes are set close together, Eb. 258, see the remarks s.v. auga. mjoacute;f-dœlingr, m. a man from Mjóvidalr, Landn. mjó-fingraðr, adj. taper-fingered, Rm. (Bugge), of a lady. mjó-hljóðaðr, adj. thin-voiced. mjó-hryggr, m. the small of the back. mjó-hundr, m. [Dan. mynde], a greyhound, Sks. 81. mjó-leitr, adj. narrow-faced, referring to the distance between the eyes, Bergb.-þ. 124, Fas. ii. 118. mjó-nefr, adj. thin nose, a nickname for a close man, Ó.H. 31. mjó-skíð, n. the slim wand, for this must be the true reading in the verse in Bjarn., the miðskipa of the MSS. = miôsciþa; and mjóskið rökra = the slim twilight wand, = a taper, is a poët. circumlocution of a lady's name, Ey-kyndill (= Island-taper), mjó-slegin, part. beaten thin. Fas. ii. 581. mjó-syndi, n. a narrow sound, straight lane, see above.

MJÚKR, adj., compar. mjúkari, superl. mjúkastr, in mod. usage also mýkri, mýkstr; [Goth. muka in muka-modei = GREEK; Engl. meek; Dan. myg; Swed. mjuk] :-- soft to the touch; mjúkt skinn, Bær. 19; mjúka rekkju, mjúkt bað, Eg. 239; hörund-mjúkr, soft-skinned, Orkn. (in a verse); m. ok hægr, Fms. ii. 201; mjúúkt hár, mjúk ull, and the like; mjúkr í máli, eloquent, Bs. i. 2. agile, nimble; mjúkr ok vel glímu-færr, Sturl. iii. 123; as also mjúkr á fótum, or fóta-mjúkr, of a wrestler; liða-mjúkr; mjúkari í orrostum, more agile. Fms. vii. 254. 3. þar bygðisk Noregr fyrst er hann er mjúkastr, of the soil, softest, most fertile, Landn. 276, v.l.; þótti mér svá at eins mjúkt at fara með ykkr enn fyrra dag, Fms. iv. 317. II. metaph. meek; mjúkr ok lítillátr, Fms. iii. 168; ek hefi verit yðr m. í öllum hlutum, x. 108; hlýðin ok mjúk, Al. 119; svá mjúk sem eitt lamb, Clar. :-- mild, gracious, mjúkasta mildi, Dipl. ii. 14: hann talaði allt mjúkara enn fyrra dag, Fms. vi. 45; mjúk miskunn, Bs. i. 638; m. diktr, mjúk orð, mjúkt lof, flowing, of words, speech, Lil. 4.

B. COMPDS: mjúk-dómr, m. meekness, Bs. ii. 24. mjúk-fingr, Þiðr. 6, and mjúk-fingraðr, adj. soft-fingered, Fas. ii. 151. mjúk-hendr, adj. soft-handed. Fms. vi. 73. mjúk-hjartaðr. adj. soft-hearted, Fb. ii. 392. mjúk-látr, adj. meek, gentle, Mar., Bs. i. 278: sly, Sks. 501. mjúk-leikr, m. nimbleness, agility, Fms. vii. 119. mjúk-liga, adv. softly, tenderly, Eg. 175, Orkn. 174, Fms. vii. 18, 306: nimbly, ii. 272. mjúk-ligr, adj. meek, soft, Hom. 22. mjúk-lyndi, f. meekness. mjúk-lyndr, adj. meek-tempered, gentle, Stj., Barl., Fms. v. 240, x. 108, v.l. mjúk-læta, t; m. sik, to humble oneself, Eg. 525. mjúk-læti, n. meekness, Mar. mjúk-orðr, adj. smooth-spoken, Fms. vi. 117. mjúk-ræss, adj. running smoothly, Fms. viii. 384. mjúk-tækr, adj. touching gently, Fas. ii. 644.

MJÖÐM, f., gen. mjaðmar, [Ulf. miduma = GREEK] :-- the hip (prop. the middle of the body); á klæði hans yfir mjöðminni, Niðrst. 3; fyrir ofan mjaðmir, Eb. 240; hjó á mjöðmina, Nj. 253; mjöðm ok herðarblað, Fb. ii. 24; rist, kné, mjöðm, N.G.L. i. 312 :-- in wrestling, leiða e-n á mjöðm, Bárð. 35 new Ed.; or bregða e-m á mjöðm, Fas. iii. 573, of a wrestling trick of throwing one's antagonist by a movement of the mjöðm, called mjaðmar-bragð, the hip-trick, cross-buttock, Fas. ii. 148. mjaðmar-bein and mjaðmar-höfuð, n. the hip-bone, Þiðr. 89, Finnb. 334; á nárann fyrir ofan mjaðmarhöfuð, Sturl. ii. 41. &FINGER; No other word in the language rhymes with mjöðm; see the curious ditty in which a man and a ghost cap verses, Ísl. Þjóðs. i. 464.

MJÖÐR, m., gen. mjaðar, dat. miði; in mod. usage mjöð, f.; [A.S. medo; Engl. mead; O.H.G. metu; Germ. meth; Swed.-Dan. mjöd] :-- mead, Sturl. ii. 245, Hkr. i. 102, Fms. viii. 18, 166, Nj. 43, Edda 24, 49, Bs. i. 77: in phrases, blanda, brugga mjöð, to blend mead; and grasaðr mjöðr, spiced or drugged mead, for the ancients used to spice or drug the mead with narcotic herbs, see the remarks s.v. jóll; mead was the favourite drink in the Valhalla, Ls. 3, Vtkv. 7, Vsp. 22, Gm. 25; mjaðar-bytta, -ker, a mead-cask, Fms. iv. 168, ix. 329; mjaðar ístra, mead-paunch, viii. 117; mjaðar lögr, mead-liquor, ix. 329; mjaðar drykkja, mead-drinking, 462; mjaðar bland, mead-mixing, Rétt. 2. 4. COMPDS: mjöð-drekka, u, f. a mead-cask, Eg. 237, 240, Ld. 188, Þiðr. 164. mjöð-drukkinn, part. 'mead-drunk,' Fms. viii. 94. mjöð-drykkja, u, f. mead-drinking, Fms. viii. 17, Sturl. i. 161, Greg. 51. mjöð-kona, u, f. a mead-girl, N.G.L. ii. 204. mjöð-rann, n. a mead-hall, drinking-hall, Akv. 9.

MJÖK, adv., mod. mjög, compar. meirr (q.v.), superl. mest; [Engl. much, see mikill or mykill] :-- much; svá mjök, at ..., so much, that ..., Fms. i. 46; Væringjar alþýddusk mjök til hans, vi. 135; sem Erlingi gengi þat mjök til, at ..., vii. 258; hafða ek mjög fjár-varðveizlur búanda, Eg. 235; hann skaut mjök til ráða dóttur sinnar, Bjarn. 5 :-- svá mjök, rather much; hann var svá mjök hendisamr í afréttum, Glúm. 364; alls mjök, over-much, Stj. 2. very; hyrndir mjök, Fms. xi. 6; steint mjök fyrir ofan sjó, Eg. 68; ekki mjök, not very. Stud. iii. 234. 3. much, almost, very nearly but not quite; þeir vóru mjök komnir at hinni meiri eyjunni, þá sá þeir ..., Fms. ii. 93; hann var dauðr mjök af kulda, ix. 467; þat legg ek til ráða, at vér hafim mjök alltr eina frásögn um þenna atburð, xi. 65; mjök örend, Mar.; eitt mannshar svá langt, at þat var mjök mannshátt, Fas. iii. 266; ok eru þeir mjök komnir at Austrey, Fær. 105; vóru þá komnir mjök svá (almost quite) þar gegnt, Nj. 247, Fms. vi. 164; svá vóru konungar, mjök svá allir, þeir er hans ríki höfðu hvárr eptir annan, Rb. 386.

mjök-siglandi, part. the 'much-sailor,' a nickname, see Landn.

MJÖL, n., dat. mjölvi (mod. mjöli), gen. pl. mjölva; in mod. usage also sounded mél (as kjöt and ket); [Engl. meal; Germ. mehl] :-- meal, flour; fullr af mjölvi, Mar.; skip hlaðit af malti ok mjölvi, Eg. 81; var hlaðit skreið í annann en mjölvi í annan, Eb. 268; mjöl ok við, Nj. 4, Fs. 143; mjöl ok smjor, 197: poët., Fróða mjöl, Frodi's meal = gold, Edda (in a verse). COMPDS: mjöl-belgr, -sekkr, -poki, m. a meal- bag, -sack, -poke, Fas. i. 127, Bárð. 170, Nj. 181. mjöl-kaup, n. pl. purchase of meal, Fbr. 10, Gþl. 352. mjöl-kýll, n. = mjölbelgr, Nj. 227. mjöl-leyfi, n. a meal-licence, viz. licence to export meal, Hkr. iii. 96. mjöl-sáld, n. a meal-riddle, Sturl. i. 23. mjöl-skuld, f. rent to be paid in meal, Sturl. ii. 64. mjöl-vægr, adj. estimated by its value in meal, Grág. i. 505. mjöl-vætt, f. a weight (4Olbs.) of meal, Bs. i. 137.

MJÖLL, f., gen. mjallar, dat. mjöllu, Rm. 26, Völs. R. 1. 3; [perh. akin to mjöl, although with a double l] :-- fresh powdery snow; sá snjór er hvítastr er, ok í logni fellr, ok mjöll er kallaðr, Bárð. 2 new Ed.; görðisk íll færðin ok var mjöllin djúp, Fms. v. 179; vaða mjöll, Sighvat (Fb. iii. 240); mjöllin var laus, ok rauk hón, Fb. i. 579; sjórinn rauk sem mjöll, the sea 'reeked,' or broke in spray, like mjöll, Vígl. 22; eru þeir kasaðir í mjöllinni, Fs. 143: poët., haus-mjöll. floating hair, Skálda (in a verse); sjóð-m., the snow of the crucible = silver; svan-m., the 'swan-drift' = the waves. Lex. Poët. II. a pr. name of a lady, Landn. mjalla-hvítr, adj. = mjallhvítr, white as drifted snow.

Mjölnir, m., in the vellums spelt mjollnir, with o and ll (see Bugge in the foot-note to Vþm. 51); the ll seems to indicate that the n is radical, for if it were inflexive, it would be mjolnir (with one l): [therefore the derivation from mala or mola (to crush), though probable, is not certain; the word may be akin to Goth. milhma = cloud, Swed. moln, Dan. mulm; cp. provinc. Norse molnas (Ivar Aasen) = to grow dark from bands of cloud arising] :-- the name of Thor's hammer, Edda passim, Ls.

MJÖT, f. [Ulf. mitaþs = GREEK; O.H.G. mez; Germ. masz] :-- a measure; kann ek mála mjöt, I know the measure of words, how to make a speech, Höfuðl. 20: þess kann maðr mjöt, a man knows the measure of that, Bugge's Hm. 60 (see foot-note as to the reading in Cod. Reg.); mjötuðr, from Vsp. the preceding poem, seems to have been in the transcriber's mind, and so he first wrote mjotvþc and then dotted the v, denoting that the last three letters were to be struck out. A fem. mjotuð would, it is true, agree with the Goth. mitaþs, but it does not suit the rhythm, in which a monosyllable is required.

mjötuðr, m., spelt mjotviðr, Vsp. 2, which form can only be an error of the transcriber, for both passages, verses 2 and 47, represent the same